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Ambiguity . ambiguity is the property of being ambiguous, where a word, notation, phrase, clause , sentence is called ambiguous if it can be interpreted in more than one way . Ambiguity is context dependent: the same linguistic item may be ambiguous in one

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slide1

Ambiguity

ambiguity is the property of being ambiguous, where a word,

notation, phrase, clause , sentence is called ambiguous if it can

be interpreted in more than one way .

Ambiguity is context dependent:

the same linguistic item may be ambiguous in one

context and unambiguous in another context

slide2

Differences between ambiguity and vagueness

-The concept of ambiguity is generally contrasted with

vagueness.

The difference between ambiguity and vagueness is a matter

of whether two or more meanings associated with a given

phonological form are distinct (ambiguous), or united as

non-distinguished subcases of a single, more general meaning

(vague

.

slide3

bank:

1-financial institution.

2-edge of the river

aunt

'father's sister' vs. aunt 'mother's sister,' however, the meanings are intuitively united into one, 'parent's sister.'

Ambiguity corresponds to separation, and vagueness to unity, of different meanings

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Lexical ambiguity

Lexical ambiguity: when a word has more than one meaning in the language to which

The word belong

I went to the bank

1-edge of the river

2-financial institution

slide5

I cant bear children

1-she cant tolerate children.

2-che is sterile.

"I saw a bat."

bat = flying mammal / wooden club? saw = past tense of "see" / present tense of "saw"

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Structural - grammatical - syntactic ambiguity

Ambiguity resulting from the structure of the phrase or sentence

The relatives of the bride and the groom were sitting in the living room

1-The relatives of the bride and the relative of the groom

2-the relatives of the bride and the groom

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I don’t like kissing aunts

Aunts who kiss

I don’t like to kiss aunts

Visiting professors can be interesting

Professors who visit us

The process itself

punctuation ambiguity
Punctuation Ambiguity

This can be considered as a mix of syntactic and lexical .

A woman without her man ,is nothing.

Woman, without her man, is nothing.

Woman ! without her, man is nothing.

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Spoken ambiguity

Where their is more than one way to compose a set of

sounds into words

Ice cream I scream

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What is Cultural Ambiguity

Cultural ambiguity refers to the influence of different cultures. A user is cultural ambiguous if he or she has been influenced by different cultural groups and/or carries a cultural identity that cannot be clearly assigned to a certain territory.

slide12

Gender ambiguity

The definition is simple. It applies to a person that looks both male and female, in other words u cant tell which they are. It most commonly occurs when someone is wearing clothing that would be suitable for both males and females, but it is not restricted to this

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Anaphoric ambiguity.

A phrase or word refers to something previously mentioned, but there is more than one possibility.

Bill told Amy that he had decided to spend a year in Italy to study art." "That would be his life's work." (That = art) "After he had done that, he would come back and marry her." (That = spending a year in Italy) "That was the upshot of his thinking the previous night" (That = deciding) "That started a four-hour fight." (That = telling Amy)