Do real archivists use oai mid atlantic regional archives conference gettysburg pa october 31 2003
Download
1 / 23

Chris Prom Assistant University Archivist University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 107 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chris Prom Assistant University Archivist University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Do Real Archivists Use OAI? Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference Gettysburg, PA October 31, 2003. http://web.library.uiuc.edu/ahx/workpap/marac03.ppt. Goals. Examine rationale for archivists to use OAI

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chris Prom Assistant University Archivist University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign' - cathal


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Do real archivists use oai mid atlantic regional archives conference gettysburg pa october 31 2003

Chris Prom

Assistant University Archivist

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Do Real Archivists Use OAI?Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives ConferenceGettysburg, PAOctober 31, 2003

http://web.library.uiuc.edu/ahx/workpap/marac03.ppt


Goals
Goals

  • Examine rationale for archivists to use OAI

  • Describe my involvement in the University of Illinois Mellon OAI project

  • Speculate on OAI’s present and future

  • Suggest how archivists may wish to get involved with OAI


Should archivists use oai
Should Archivists Use OAI?

  • OAI use growing, well-supported, (relatively) simple

  • NSDL base format, NCSTRL project

  • Allows metasearches across projects and data types (not content specific)

  • DL projects for archives, manuscripts, photos, artifacts, objects use a variety of metadata standards

  • Provides wider exposure for collections

  • University of Michigan OAIster service illustrates both promise and problems




Chris prom assistant university archivist university of illinois at urbana champaign

NOT a link to NAACP

visual materials finding aid


Chris prom assistant university archivist university of illinois at urbana champaign

Found! (. . . 20 mins later)

5,000+ items! (11 online)


Uiuc mellon project goals
UIUC Mellon Project Goals

  • Test feasibility of harvesting, searching cultural heritage with OAI

  • Develop data provider tools that produce usable OAI records from disparate sources (MARC, EAD, databases, etc)

  • Build open-source service provider tools

  • My role: EAD/OAI

    • assess structural problems in mapping to OAI

    • develop an effective crossmapping

    • allow basic searching in an OAI environment

    • test effectiveness of the search

    • provide proof of concept


Our approach
Our approach

  • “Dumbing down” metadata has benefits

  • Examined EAD encoding standards

  • Generated multiple OAI records for one EAD

    • top-level record drawn from <eadheader> and <archdesc>

    • mini records from <dsc>, with relation to top level

  • Preserve context for “hits” by linking user to finding aid in the search/retrieval mechanism

  • relations between levels in the finding aid rendered implicitly by our service provider, not within the OAI record


Our data and service providers
Our Data and Service Providers

  • OAI Repository (Data Provider)

    • Snapshot of ~5,500 EAD finding aids mirrored on UIUC server

    • responds to HTTP get and post with ASP scripts and XSLT stylesheet to provide requested data

    • Records produced from EAD include XPointer

    • When EADs are split into their subordinate components, Xpointers identify the individual parts

  • Service Provider

    • Server-side scripts use the XPointers in DC identifier tag for rendering and linking

    • Xpointer used to move user deep in finding aid, preserve context


Xpointer
XPointer

  • WC3 Recommendation, March 2003: http://www.w3.org/XML/Linking

  • Can identify XML fragments using a superset of the XPath syntax, e.g. xyz.xml#xpointer(//dsc[1]/c01[2]/c02[3]/c03[10])

  • When EADs are split into their subordinate components, Xpointers identify the individual parts

  • To make it work, both data providers and service providers would need to share a set of assumptions about HOW it should work


Chris prom assistant university archivist university of illinois at urbana champaign

<rdf:RDF> <rdf:Description> <dc:identifier> http://…/…/test.xml#xpointer(//dsc[1]/c01[8]/c02[5]/c03[244]) </dc:identifier> <dc:title>Toensing, Richard</dc:title> <dc:type>text</dc:type>

<dc:type>archives or manuscripts</dc:type>

<dc:type>file</dc:type>

<dcterms:isPartOf>

<rdf:Description>

<dc:identifier> http://…/…/test.xml#xpointer(//dsc[1]/c01[8]/c02[5]) </dc:identifier>

<dc:title>Various Composers</dc:title>

</rdf:Description>

</dcterms:isPartOf>

</rdf:Description>

</rdf:RDF>


Simple search http oai grainger uiuc edu oai search
Simple Searchhttp://oai.grainger.uiuc.edu/oai/search





What i learned
What I learned

  • Using OAI can exposure your collections to new audiences

  • Not good enough to harvest from image databases, nor just give just top-level link to FA

  • But many users confused when stumble on a finding aid; “where’s the beef”

  • An “archives friendly” service provider would

    • . . . Serve as basis for cross-repository searches

    • . . . Reenginner the notion of what is a finding aid by allowing access from the back end

    • . . . Undo some of the damage inflicted when archival materials are treated as items

    • . . . need to reconstruct context using local mirrors of the ead document


The future
The Future

  • OAI Currently better suited to representing digital objects than descriptive data

  • Service providers currently limited in number, 16 listed on openarchives.org

  • Will OAI take off?

  • IMLS Digital Collections and Content Project: (http://imlsdcc.grainger.uiuc.edu/)


Data provider options
Data Provider Options

  • If you want to provide dynamic (full) OAI metadata

    • Metadata items in Relational database

      • Map fields or pages to DC record

      • Use webscripting language to respond to harvester requests

    • XML, e.g. Finding aid (as a digital object)

      • map from <eadheader> and <archdesc>

      • use encodinganalog recommendations from RLG Best Practices or pass entire EAD file with XSD schema

    • metadata for digital objects linked from EAD???

      • use XSLT and XPointer to provide context and allow service providers to replicate hierarchical structure of EAD.

      • Depends on SP’s ability to handle xpointer


Data provider options cont
Data Provider Options, cont.

  • Static OAI metadata

    • Suitable for small collections which are not growing

    • All metadata should be contained in a single xml file on a webserver

    • Projects which will harvest metadata (e.g. IMLS Digital Collections and Content) may be able to provide assistance in conversion.


Resources
Resources

  • OAI website:

    • http://www.openarchives.org/

  • UIUC Provider Tools

    • http://uilib-oai.sourceforge.net/

    • http://sourceforge.net/projects/uilib-ead/

  • Library Hi Tech, Vol 21, No. 2, special issue on OAI

  • Further implementation guidelines

    • http://dli.grainger.uiuc.edu/publications/twcole/jcdl-oai/JCDL_2003_OAI_Intro.ppt

  • This powerpoint:

    • http://web.library.uiuc.edu/ahx/workpap/marac03.ppt


Do real archivists use oai mid atlantic regional archives conference gettysburg pa october 31 20031

Chris Prom

Assistant University Archivist

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Do Real Archivists Use OAI?Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives ConferenceGettysburg, PAOctober 31, 2003

http://web.library.uiuc.edu/ahx/workpap/marac03.ppt