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September 16, 2009 Warm-up. Why is the 2 nd Industrial Revolution so important to the creation of the United States? 5-10 sentences . The Second Industrial Revolution. What is an Industrial Revolution? What are we changing? How does this change effect the United States? Men Women

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September 16 2009 warm up
September 16, 2009Warm-up

  • Why is the 2nd Industrial Revolution so important to the creation of the United States? 5-10 sentences.


The second industrial revolution
The Second Industrial Revolution

  • What is an Industrial Revolution?

  • What are we changing?

  • How does this change effect the United States?

  • Men

  • Women

  • Children

  • Immigrants

  • Minorities


Bessemer process
Bessemer Process

  • The key principle is removal of impurities from the iron by oxidation through air being blown through the molten iron. The oxidation also raises the temperature of the iron mass and keeps it molten.

Henry Bessemer



George westinghouse
George Westinghouse

  • George Westinghouse founded Union Switch & Signal, abbreviated (US&S), in 1881, consolidating the assets of companies that had pioneered closed track circuits and interlockings. Operating as an independent company until 1917, US&S became a subsidiary of Westinghouse Air Brake.



George pullman
George Pullman

  • He used his money and success to develop a comfortable railroad sleeping car, the Pullman sleeper, or "palace car."


Thomas alva edison
Thomas Alva Edison

  • An American inventor and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph and a long lasting light bulb.


Nikolaus august otto
Nikolaus August Otto

  • The German inventor of the internal-combustion engine, the first engine to efficiently burn fuel directly in a piston chamber.


Alexander graham bell
Alexander Graham Bell

  • His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices that eventually culminated in the invention of the telephone.


Why is each of the inventors and inventions below are important to the 2 nd ir
Why is each of the inventors and inventions below are important to the 2nd IR.

  • George Westinghouse

  • George Pullman

  • Thomas Alva Edison

  • Nikolaus August Otto

  • Alexander Graham Bell


Edwin l drake titusville pa
Edwin L. Drake - Titusville PA important to the 2


Why was kerosene important
Why was kerosene important? important to the 2



Free enterprise
Free Enterprise inventors you’ve studied today. List the different places that have been named after the men or inventions we’ve discussed.


Free enterprise1
Free Enterprise inventors you’ve studied today. List the different places that have been named after the men or inventions we’ve discussed.

Business that is free

from government involvement


Free enterprise2
Free Enterprise inventors you’ve studied today. List the different places that have been named after the men or inventions we’ve discussed.

Business that is free

from government involvement

Gave way to Entrepreneurs

People who start a new business


Free enterprise3
Free Enterprise inventors you’ve studied today. List the different places that have been named after the men or inventions we’ve discussed.

Business that is free

from government involvement

Entrepreneurs created

Corporations

Companies that sell shares

of ownership called stocks

Gave way to Entrepreneurs

People who start a new business


Name an entrepreneur and his her corporation
Name an entrepreneur and his/her corporation. inventors you’ve studied today. List the different places that have been named after the men or inventions we’ve discussed.


Vertical integration
Vertical Integration inventors you’ve studied today. List the different places that have been named after the men or inventions we’ve discussed.


Why would a entrepreneur utilize vertical integration
Why would a entrepreneur utilize Vertical Integration? inventors you’ve studied today. List the different places that have been named after the men or inventions we’ve discussed.

  • Improve efficiency by making supplies reliable

  • Control quality of product

  • Eliminate middleman fees


Horizontal integration
Horizontal Integration inventors you’ve studied today. List the different places that have been named after the men or inventions we’ve discussed.

Pizza Outlet

Pizza Outlet

Pizza Outlet

Pizza Outlet

Pizza Outlet


Why would an entrepreneur utilize horizontal integration
Why would an entrepreneur utilize Horizontal Integration? inventors you’ve studied today. List the different places that have been named after the men or inventions we’ve discussed.

  • Control rivals

  • Created trusts

  • Cycle of buying competing company,

  • Improve the efficiency of operations

  • Pressing for discounts on shipments,THUS…

  • Undercutting his competition AND

  • Buying them out



Top business men
Top business men Integration have on business?

  • Carnegie

  • Rockefeller

  • J.P. Morgan

  • Vanderbilt

  • How did they build their fortunes?


Carnegie steel producer
Carnegie = Steel producer Integration have on business?


Rockefeller oil
Rockefeller Integration have on business?Oil


J p morgan banking
J.P. Morgan Integration have on business?Banking


Vanderbilt railroads
Vanderbilt = Railroads Integration have on business?


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