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Spain and France in the New World. The Pueblo Revolt 1680-92. Why did it fail? dependency. I. The Spanish Empire. A. Reconquista. Holy War - Ferdinand & Isabella 1451-1504 Columbus - millennialism “Shock and Awe” . B. Age of the Conquistadores 1518 - 1540.

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the pueblo revolt 1680 92
The Pueblo Revolt 1680-92

Why did it fail?

dependency

a reconquista
A. Reconquista
  • Holy War- Ferdinand & Isabella1451-1504
  • Columbus- millennialism

“Shock and Awe”

b age of the conquistadores 1518 1540
B. Age of the Conquistadores1518 - 1540

1. Caribbean 1511

Conquistadores – private autonomy

Hernan Cortès 1519Aztec organizationAmerindian tensionsDisease

slide6
2. Religion & geopolitics

(Isabella) direct subjects v.

Encomienda System

tributary labor

slide7
3. “Black Legend” of Spanish brutality

Bartolomè de Las Casas 1484-1566

Response to Reformation

1543 – Society of Jesus Loyola

c new spain
C. New Spain

1. Council of the Indies 1524

Viceroy > Creoles > Mestizos

2. Encomienda reformed 1542

- African slaves in Caribbean

- Hacienda system (Jesuits)Settlers, not conquerors

slide9
3. Ordinances of Discovery 1570- northern expansion

4. Mestizo culture

- new aristocracy

- intermarriage

- racial caste system “degrees of race”

dependency

a new france 1608
A. New France 1608

1. Peripheral interests - Jacques Cartier 1534 Northwest Passage

2. Jean-Baptiste Colbert 1660s - mercantilism

slide12
3. Coastal colonies

Louisiana – la Salle 1682

Biloxi – d’Iberville 1699

Mobile – de Bienville 1702

New Orleans – de Bienville 1718

b rivers of empire
B. Rivers of Empire
  • Infiltration & cooperation - coureurs de bois

2. Interior colonies

- Ste. Genevieve 1735

- St. Louis 1764

Entrepôt

slide14
“extractive” industries

- lead, salt

4. Habitants

- land use

- women in the New World

slide15
Conclusion…

Spanish and Indians create new culture

French occupy the Middle Ground

…the English will employ a third strategy

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