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NERC Generation Standards Drafting Team September 15-17, 2008 Dallas, TX. NERC PRC-024-2 Drafting Team Voltage Ride-Through (VRT) Curve Genesis. Craig Quist, PE PacifiCorp, Transmission Planning Salt Lake City, Utah. Voltage Ride – Through Standard.

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nerc prc 024 2 drafting team voltage ride through vrt curve genesis

NERC Generation Standards Drafting Team September 15-17, 2008Dallas, TX

NERC PRC-024-2 Drafting TeamVoltage Ride-Through (VRT) Curve Genesis

Craig Quist, PE

PacifiCorp, Transmission Planning

Salt Lake City, Utah

voltage ride through standard
Voltage Ride – Through Standard
  • Based on an earlier request from the WECC Voltage Ride-Through (VRT) Standard Task Force, the WGTF has been working on a VRT white paper that would be used as the justification for a new VRT Standard.
  • This white paper discusses the low voltage, low voltage recovery and high voltage period, immediately following a system event.
  • The white paper was approved by the Technical Studies Subcommittee (TSS) on 5-22-07 and distributed on 6-13-07.
  • When reviewing the paper, references to generator, wind plant or wind farm should be considered synonymous with each other.
wecc vrt curve vs voltage traces
WECC VRT Curve vs. Voltage Traces
  • Disturbance voltages traces (at POI) fit within the defined WECC VRT Curve (SLG Faults added to during NERC evaluation)
  • Issues were raised by the PRC-024-2 drafting team concerning voltage duration at specific locations on the curve.
  • As PRC-024-2 is a generator protection system standard (vs. generator performance standard), questions surfaced concerning how such a curve can be applied?
  • Generator protection relays typically utilize voltage duration
time duration voltage traces wecc vrt std
Time Duration - Voltage Traces & WECC VRT Std
  • The approach of the PRC-024-2 drafting team shifted to defining time duration for generator protection
  • To develop a time duration VRT boundary it was determined that the voltage traces provided in the WECC white paper could be converted to time duration format
  • Additional SLG fault voltage traces and Southern Company voltage traces were also added
time duration voltage traces new nerc std

HVRT Reduction

Relay Failure

FERC 9 Cycle Limit

Time Duration - Voltage Traces & New NERC Std
  • Initially, a “zero margin” boundary was defined as an envelope for the time duration curves
  • However, it was determined that margin would be added along with SLG voltage traces to develop the new time duration boundary
  • Additionally, voltage traces from Southern Company were entered to form the Pink curve.
  • The new time duration boundary reshaped both the low voltage and high voltage boundaries from those proposed by WECC white paper.
other prc 24 02 vrt participant inputs
Other PRC-24-02 VRT Participant Inputs
  • Areva
    • Provided the European LVRT voltage performance standard
    • Suggest sticking with a regular scale for criteria.  Mixing criteria between this and the log scale gets confusing.
    • The voltage prior to the fault should be clarified
    • Previous curves stopped at 4 seconds.  This curve goes out to 10 seconds
  • Excel Energy SLG feedback
    • When fed from a unit-connected transformer or a delta-wye wound transmission-connected transformer, most low voltage AC contactors will probably ride through close-in SLG faults on the transmission system.
    • However, if fed from a wye-wye wound transmission-connected transformer, many will probably drop out, even with fast clearing.
nerc time duration curve vs wecc vrt std
NERC Time Duration Curve vs. WECC VRT Std
  • Comparison of NERC time duration curve with the WECC white paper curve illustrates areas that the VRT curve could be modified.
prc 024 wecc 1 cr generator low voltage ride through criterion
PRC-024-WECC-1-CR - Generator Low Voltage Ride-Through Criterion
  • On 9-10-08, WECC distributed the PRC-024-WECC-1-CR - Generator Low Voltage Ride-Through Criterion.
  • In developing the criterion, the WECC Reliability Subcommittee (RS) decided to let the NERC PRC-024-2 drafting team do the “heavy lifting” in developing a new standard. 
  • Effectively, changes were made to bring the WECC standard in-line with the current FERC LVRT standard.
  • Comments are due 10-10-08.

Chart Source: Brendan Kirby (AWEA)