Semantics & Pragmatics. Jorge Zúñiga S. Paradigmas Lingüísticos. What is meaning?. Nature of meaning What it really means. Dictionary definitions: Prescriptivism Descriptivism What is taken into consideration by linguists. Process Dictionary definition Understanding the meaning
Jorge Zúñiga S.
What is taken into consideration by linguists
Understanding the meaning
Meaning of the word and their definition (words used)
ECTOMERE: “a blastomere that develops into ectoderm”
DIVINE “being or having the nature of a deity”
PRIDE “the quality or state of being proud”
PROUD “feeling or showing pride”
Name: Bill Clinton (referent)
Phrase: the winner of the 1992 U.S. presidential election
Bill Clinton is married to Hillary Clinton.
The winner of the 1992 U.S. presidential election is married to Hillary Clinton.
(The same thing)
Robin wanted to know if Bill Clinton was the winner of the 1992 U.S. presidential election
Robin wanted to know if Bill Clinton was Bill Clinton.
Synonym: iftheyhave the same meaning
Homonymy:different meanings sharing the same form
Antonyms: words in somesenseopposite in meaning
Entailment: one meaning holdsanother meaning
Homophony: samesoundsdifferent meaning
Polisemy: severalmeanings for the sameword
Hiperonymy: inclusionrelationship (cat, dog, seagull=animal)
Words’ meaning can be broken down into smaller parts known as meaning components or semantic features
“The sheriff killed Jesse”
“The sheriff killed Jesse, but Jesse is still alive”
Conceptual meaning: basic and essential components of meaning.
Associative meaning: stylistic meaning of words.
There is certain “oddness”
Why does it happen to us?
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Did you eat the food?Question
Eat the food (please)Command (request)
You ate the foodStatement
Can you ride a bicycle?
Can you pass the salt? (asking or requesting?)