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Discussion Paper India for OEWG on Building National Phytosanitary Capacity FAO, Rome, Italy, 8-12 December, 2008 by RK Khetarpal and Kavita Gupta. Presentation. Activities of Task Force for Strengthening National Phytosanitary Capacity in India Discussion Points and suggestions for OEWG.

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Discussion Paper IndiaforOEWG on Building National Phytosanitary Capacity FAO, Rome, Italy, 8-12 December, 2008byRK Khetarpal and Kavita Gupta


Presentation
Presentation

  • Activities of Task Force for Strengthening National Phytosanitary Capacity in India

  • Discussion Points and suggestions for OEWG.


Establishment of a task force on strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india in june 2007
Establishment of a Task Force on Strengthening phytosanitary capacity in Indiain June 2007

Constitution

  • Dr R. K. Khetarpal, Chairman (Head, PQD, NBPGR)

  • Dr Mike Robson, FAO

  • Dr V. Ragunathan, FAO

  • Dr N Sathyanarayana (Dy Dir, NPQS, New Delhi)

  • Dr J. P. Singh (Dy Dir, NPQS, New Delhi)

  • Dr K. K. Sinha, (Dy Dir, RPQS, Kolkata)

  • Dr O. R. Reddy (Retd Jt Director, NPQS New Delhi)

  • Dr Rajan, PS, PQD, NBPGR

  • Dr Kavita Gupta, SS, NBPGR , Member Convener


Task force strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india
Task Force: Strengthening Phytosanitary Capacity in India

Terms of Reference

  • Update and develop SOPs

  • Develop information sharing tools

  • Undertake capacity building

  • Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters

  • Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority









Laboratory manuals need review and upgrading
Laboratory manuals - need review and upgrading

* External experts may also be consulted


Recommended priorities
Recommended Priorities

  • Complete renumbering of standards and publication of the full list of national standards on the website

  • In parallel, complete SOPs and review Laboratory manuals

    SOPs

  • complete the ongoing work on drafting SOPs for PQ 15, PQ 14 and PQ 12 (specific for wheat)

  • develop SOP for PQ 12

    Laboratory manuals

  • review laboratory manuals

    Develop additional lower priority SOPs

    Develop new standards and associated SOPs


Task force strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india1
Task Force: Strengthening phytosanitary capacity in India

Terms of Reference

  • Update and develop SOPs

  • Develop information sharing tools

  • Undertake capacity building

  • Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters

  • Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority


Develop information sharing tools
Develop information-sharing tools

  • To improve the consistency and efficiency of the national PQ system, the following information-sharing tools are needed:

  • A tool to share information internally between PQ stations on

    • interceptions

    • endemic pest status (current standalone database contains references to 15,000 articles on 85 products – it is possible to search by area, plant or plant part)

    • exotic pest information, import conditions data base

    • export conditions database

  • A national database on PSCs issued, eventually allowing the possibility of exporters applying online (and e-certification/ paperless certificates)

    • a means of managing workflow for PQS, including initial link to customs authorities (to initiate inspection process)

    • share digital tools for fruit flies and bruchids (web based)

  • To implement these requires the following activities.

    Note: some of these activities have already been specified or implementation is underway with NIC.


Develop information sharing tools1
Develop information-sharing tools…

Activities

  • Ensuring that all PQ stations have adequate computer access/ internet access (for e-mail) is an urgent prerequisite for an effective PQ system. As a rule of thumb there should be one PC with internet per PQS technical officer.

    (Action: JS)

  • Review contents of endemic pest status database, modify and/ or issue rejoinders to CPC where there are discrepancies

    (Action: NPQS)

  • Revise existing structures of endemic pest database to publish centrally, to be managed by a dedicated PRA unit, and also make available to all PQS and other concerned Institutes like NBPGR.

    (Action: NIC)

  • Publish exotic pests database to all PQS linked to diagnostic protocols as an extension of the current PDF on Import Conditions (ICON)

    (Action: NBPGR, PQ)

  • Revise existing database on interceptions for sharing between PQS, and reporting to centre

    (NIC)


Develop information sharing tools2
Develop information-sharing tools

  • Survey to establish all authorities currently issuing PSCs, including volume of certificates issued

    (Action: TF3)

  • Review existing PSC database, revise (if needed) and extend PSCs-issued database, for use as a single database over the web accessed by different PQS or State Departments of Agriculture

    (Action: review by TF3, programming by NIC)

  • Identify requirements for workflow system for PQStations, including customs authorities, for customs clearance documented on flow charts

    (Action: TF3)

  • Make agreement in principle to exchange data electronically with customs authorities (at JS level)

    (Action: JS)

  • Develop workflow system for PQ from inspection to clearance

    (Action: NIC)


Task force strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india2
Task Force: Strengthening phytosanitary capacity in India

Terms of Reference

  • Update and develop SOPs

  • Develop information sharing tools

  • Undertake capacity building

  • Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters

  • Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority


Groups requiring technical training
Groups requiring technical training

  • PSC issuing authorities – 160 (includes120 signatories from State; supporting staff may also need training)

  • Import inspectors - DPQS staff, PQ officers (ongoing)

  • Seed health testing technicians – export and import inspection staff (ongoing), seed industry

  • Pest control operators (private)- training on treatments, minimum 60 per year (for staff turnover); PSC issuing authorities; PQ officers






Presentation

Notes on Training

  • There is a need for a standard module, to be delivered as part of PQ training courses, as an introduction to SPS requirements, ISPMs and NSPMs

  • Training of PSC-issuing authorities involves training of trainers (one per PQS), who then takes responsibility to train other PQS staff, and any State Department of Agriculture staff involved in issuing PSCs

  • Five Regional interactive meetings with stakeholders (including consultation on draft International and National standards)

  • National Annual Quarantine Workshop (PQ Stations, NPPTI, NBPGR, SAUs, ICAR Institutes, State level functionaries)

  • On request, training can be delivered at NBPGR for 1-2 weeks on special detection techniques

    Recommended Priorities

  • Identify experts to deliver

  • Module preparation

  • Schedule training

  • Deliver priority I courses


Task force strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india3
Task Force: Strengthening phytosanitary capacity in India

Terms of Reference

  • Update and develop SOPs

  • Develop information sharing tools

  • Undertake capacity building

  • Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters

  • Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority


Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity pq matters
Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters

Awareness for General Public

  • Course curriculum in schools and colleges (including on specialist biology courses)

  • Pamphlets to distribute (examples of pests, purpose of PQ)

  • Documentary to show on aeroplanes? On international incoming flights (dialogue with customs at JS level)

  • Visibility of PQ facilities at airport

  • Standard disembarkation card to be followed

  • In-flight magazines to carry half page on PQ

  • Bill-boards at departure and arrival, video display

  • CDs/ interactive with test/quiz

  • Films

  • Press releases (especially in regional languages)

  • Mass media….high profile interceptions, soap opera plots, street plays


Presentation

Awareness for Government Officials/ stakeholders biosecurity/ PQ matters

  • Orientation of senior public officials (cutting across ministries at central and state level) on importance and functioning of PQ

  • Stakeholders’ meeting, industry consultations, survey (again, from 2001, use web/ e-mail)

  • Orientation courses (short), with associations, chambers of industry/ commerce and PQ stations

    [also informal dialogue for discussions with customs-PQ]


Task force strengthening phytosanitary capacity in india4
Task Force: Strengthening phytosanitary capacity in India biosecurity/ PQ matters

Terms of Reference

  • Update and develop SOPs

  • Develop information sharing tools

  • Undertake capacity building

  • Develop a strategy for public awareness on plant biosecurity/ PQ matters

  • Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority


Creation of plant quarantine authority
Creation of Plant Quarantine Authority biosecurity/ PQ matters

Comments on Plant Quarantine Bill


Recommendation pending the establishment of pqa
Recommendation biosecurity/ PQ matters(pending the establishment of PQA)

Set up a dedicated Phytosanitary Unit to cover

  • Market access

  • Dedicated Import PRA Cell

  • WTO notifications

  • Bilateral Phytosanitary issues


Area of immediate attention
Area of Immediate Attention biosecurity/ PQ matters

  • Operationalization of SoPs through training

  • Prioritizing other proposed training courses and expertise for developing training modules/ curriculum

  • Finalizing/ Identifying list of experts for preparing/ reviewing SoPs/ NSPMs/ Laboratory Manuals

  • Conducting the training courses


Presentation

Discussion Points biosecurity/ PQ matters

for

OEWG on Building National Phytosanitary Capacity


Evaluation of phytosanitary capacity pc
Evaluation of Phytosanitary Capacity (PC) biosecurity/ PQ matters

I.Need for a global standard for PC evaluation

  • Is there a stand alone tool to comprehensively evaluate PC in real terms?

  • Can this be supplemented by developing a supplementary tool to be used as a pre requisite of PCE tool because of the factors that affect the capacity building programmes directly and indirectly?


Evaluation of phytosanitary capacity pc1
Evaluation of Phytosanitary Capacity (PC) biosecurity/ PQ matters

Supplementary tool to include:

  • Geographic location of the country (strategic location, topography, agro-ecology, routes of pest incursions)

  • Economic status of the country (developed, developing, in transition, agrarian-based)

  • Language of the country (level of comprehension of English, French, Spanish etc)

  • Level of education in the country (including science education)

  • Promotion policies in the country (to ensure that efficient staff gets promoted in the same field)

  • Inter-ministerial coordination (as capacity building has to be of cross sectorial importance)


Building national phytosanitary capacity pc
Building National Phytosanitary Capacity (PC) biosecurity/ PQ matters

II. Understand the operational aspects of the PC of a developing country

  • Mechanism for optimally assessing the PC by the FAO/IPPC/Donor agencies

    III. PC for trade vis a vis PC for biosecurity

  • What is the driving factor of a developing country in getting evaluated?


Building national phytosanitary capacity pc1
Building National Phytosanitary Capacity (PC) biosecurity/ PQ matters

IV.Capacity Building (Other considerations)

  • Areas (Surveillance, PRA, diagnostics, information Management, etc)

  • Individual and/or institutional

  • Short and long term areas to be defined

  • Strengthening capacity for regional programmes (standards implementation, sharing of facilities, diagnostic network)

  • Special focus on Emergency issues (e.g. potential threat from UG 99 wheat rust)

  • Role of TCDC experts


Building phytosanitary capacity pc
Building Phytosanitary Capacity (PC) biosecurity/ PQ matters

V. Funding for Capacity Building

  • Assessing the FAO/ IPPC funding capacity

  • Assessing the status of Involvement of global donors

  • Drafting projects for global donors

  • Highlighting biosecurity along with trade issues while drafting projects

  • Also seeking funds from agencies involved in environmental, biodiversity and biosafety issues

  • Assurance for sustainable national funding