Ahimsā paramo dharmah. Non-violence is the highest form of religious conduct. Vardhamana Mahavira. Jina – or “Victor”. Therefore his followers are called “ Jains ”. Tírthańkaras. “Bridge Builders”. The 24 Tirthankaras. Jainism.
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Non-violence is the highest form of religious conduct
Jina – or “Victor”
Therefore his followers are called “Jains”
The 24 Tirthankaras
A Famous Depiction of the Buddha practicing Austerities (i.e. fasting – a primary Jain ascetic practice)
The universe is divided in three worlds. We live in the central world. The underworld, occupied by demons and demigods, consists of colored layers with the darkest at the bottom. The earth's surface forms the middle world. Above the earth is the celestial world, with 16 layers for beings born in the kalpa heavens without Jain insight and the 14 layers for those with insight.
On top of all this, beyond the heavens, is the crescent-shaped apex of the universe, a region permanently occupied by souls who are already liberated (not in this picture, unfortunately)
The three dots above the swastika represent the three jewels of Jainism: SamyakDarshan (Right Faith), SamyakJnan (Right Knowledge), and SamyakCharitra (Right Conduct)
Symbol for unity, the four directions combined, the bridge between monks/nuns and the laypeople and between women and men
Mudra meaning peace and non-violence