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Assimilation Continuum. A S S M I L A T I O N. T R A D I T I O N A L. Federal Policy of Assimilation and Manifest Destiny . 1871. 1831. 1887. 1924. 1934. 1947-70. Bi-Cultural person. Period of Cultural Shame. 2009. 1973. 1978. Bi-Cultural person.

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slide2

Assimilation Continuum

A

S

S

M

I

L

A

T

I

O

N

T

R

A

D

I

T

I

O

N

A

L

Federal Policy of Assimilation and Manifest Destiny

1871

1831

1887

1924

1934

1947-70

Bi-Cultural person

Period of Cultural Shame

2009

1973

1978

Bi-Cultural person

Period of Cultural Pride

Treatment Modalities

and

Assessments

To consider

cultural foundations of icwa
Cultural Foundations of ICWA
  • Concern about the loss of tribal culture
  • Loss of language
  • Loss of spiritual foundations of tribal life
  • Basic philosophical loss of tribal history and people
  • Preservation of tribal child’s heritage
  • Future of tribes were seen in a very precarious position
  • So many adult tribal children coming back without a clue as to who they are
civilization act early 1800s
Civilization Act, early 1800s
  • The act intended to “civilize” and “Christianize” Indians through federal and private means.
indian boarding schools 1860s current day
Indian Boarding Schools1860s – Current Day
  • Children removed from home and sent to military style boarding schools
slide7
AODA
  • Alcohol problems effect the reservation communities much more then dominate communities because everyone is related to one another
  • “Problem Drinking” major type of drinking behavior
  • Alcohol introduced early in the trade intercourse between US government and tribal nation as a prelude agreement
slide8

AODA CONTIUMM

Dependent or

an alcoholic

About 7% of the

population

Social drinking

Problem Drinking

Experimental

use

e

This where a majority of AODA problems occur

“Drink to get Drunk”

Causes them problems

slide9

An Elder

Teacher

Cultural resilience

helps work and

Deal with on going

Social problems

Being a Parent

Everyday social

Problems

Can come at

Any time

Using and living cultural tools

Ability to deal with everyday Problems

Strong Cultural Identity foundation

Weak

Not met

Basic Human Needs – Food, Shelter – are met

Historical Social Problems

slide10

Cultural Social

Network

Ceremonies, Family Rituals

Extended Family Resource

Spiritual advisors, tribal language

Social Problem

Or

Perceived Crisis

When it is Strong

Resolution

Becomes a Major

Problem

When it is Weak

Family, friends, Priests,

Counselors, teachers,

Social Network

slide11

Areas of Assessment:

Family life

Social life

Self concept

Self esteem

Self image

Education

Spirituality

Tribal language

1 to 10

Comfort

Assimilated

Traditional

Confusion

1 to 10

slide12

FAMILY ROLES IN AN ALCOHOL FAMILY

The co-dependent

enabler

Addict

Super hero

Placator

Mascot

Lost child

scapegoat

family intervention
Family Intervention
  • Find a person to do the intervention
  • Get as many individuals who are close to the individual – family, friends, co-workers
  • Find place to do the intervention
  • Have them practice a starting phrase “because of your drinking I have seen and felt this…”
  • Have treatment facility ready
  • Prep family for their follow up in the treatment process
intervention
Intervention
  • Each member look into their own personal memory and find a family or friend who was having a problem with drinking and what was the observational behavior
  • One student be an IP
  • Start the intervention process described
  • Process the feelings
cultural oppression
Cultural Oppression
  • Oppressive behavior among one another based upon low-grade depression
  • See culture as bad or pagan
  • Culture Used only in contextual situations
  • Not used as a way of life
  • Culture is marginalized not seen as the main paradigm of cultural learning
  • Colonialism – “Great White Father syndrome”
dysfunctional family dynamics
Dysfunctional family dynamics
  • Institutional parenting from boarding schools
  • Traditional methods of conflict resolution not learned or used
  • Communication patterns disrupted
  • Domestic violence (no domestic violence prior to contact with European colonizers)
  • Child physical and sexual abuse
  • Intergenerational anger lingers
  • Historical Trauma – Post traumatic cultural syndrome
health problems
Health problems
  • Diabetes as a major health problem
  • Suicide among youth
  • Mental health problems
  • High risk behaviors
  • High stress levels: Duluth AODA councilor program study
slide18

Cultural Continuum

Assimilated

Period of Cultural Shame

Traditional

Treaties -- removal – wards – allotment – boarding schools -- foster care and Adoption

Acculturated process

Traditional

Bi-cultural

Assimilated

631 contracts – ICWA --Casinos –Cultural reaffirmation –tribal schools

Building on Cultural strengths of tribal nations

Period of Cultural Pride

unemployment
Unemployment
  • Prior to Casinos unemployment rates were averaging between 50 to 80%
  • Some casinos make just enough to pay employees
  • Rates are down to 15 to 20 percent, some are higher depending on the location of reservation
  • Seasonal types of employment
  • Per-cap distribution varies from no per cap distribution to several hundred thousand. Most tribes have no per-cap distribution
urban areas
Urban areas
  • Relocation of reservation based families to large urban areas
  • Values different; movement from collective to individualism
  • Types of violent environments children are growing up
  • Movement away from cultural values and teachings
problems living on reservation
Problems living on Reservation
  • Many families returning; infrastructure not set up to deal with large numbers returning
  • Housing
  • Urban Values of individualism conflicts with rural reservation values
  • Everyone knows one another
  • Low level of community depression
  • Reservation schools
social problems
Social Problems
  • On the Reservations
  • In urban areas
  • Unemployment
  • AODA
  • School
  • Interpersonal dynamics
  • Dysfunctional family dynamics
  • Cultural oppression
  • Oppressive among one another
  • Poverty
  • Casinos
dates
Dates
  • 1831 – Marshall decision: domestic sovereign nations
  • 1871 – treaties end; are made wards of Federal government; churches involvement in education and civilization of tribal people
  • 1887 – Dawes allotment Act – met to make farmers out of tribal people dividing up tribal land
  • 1924 – given citizenship
  • 1934 – Indian reorganization Act – ends allotment; Indian new deal
  • 1947-70 – relocation period, rez to urban areas
  • 1973 – Indian self determination Act
  • 1978 – Indian Child Welfare Act
slide24

Community

Family

Individual

Cultural Strengths

Social and Cultural Problems

Cultural Competency Foundation

Understanding Social Cultural Historical Change