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12.3 Notes India Seeks Self Rule A Standard: 10.4.4 Describe the independence struggles of the colonized regions of the world… including the role of leaders ideology and religion.

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12.3 Notes India Seeks Self RuleA Standard: 10.4.4 Describe the independence struggles of the colonized regions of the world… including the role of leaders ideology and religion

Objective: Describe and analyze the protest in India that led to self-rule, including Gandhi’s Salt march, and “civil disobedience.”

chapter 12 3 india seeks self rule
Chapter 12.3 India Seeks Self-Rule
  • I. Calls for Independence
  • A. Amritsar Massacre – a turning point for many Indians
  • B. After serving in WWI the Indians were promised greater self-gov.
  • C. Indian Nat’l Congress party – pressed for self-rule

after Amritsar

D. 1920’s a new leader emerged – Mohandas Gandhi

He united Indians across class lines


E. Gandhi spent 20 years in South Africa

  • a. He fought laws that discriminated against Indians
  • b.In 1914 he returned to India

II.The Power of Nonviolence

  • A. Gandhi inspired Indians of all religious and ethnic backgrounds
  • B. The nonviolent protests caught the attention of the British Gov. and the world.

C. Gandhi’s Ideas

  • a. Theories embraced Hindu traditions
    • b. He preached nonviolence and respect for life
    • c. His philosophy reflected both Christian (western) and Indian teachings
    • d. He believed in Thoreau’s idea of “civil disobedience”
    • (refusal to obey unjust laws)
    • e. He was influenced by western ideas of democracy
    • and nationalism

D. Gandhi Sets an Example

  • a. He launched a series of nonviolent actions in the 1920s and 1930s.
  • 1. called for Indians to boycott
  • b. He worked to restore pride in Indian products
  • E. Gandhi Takes a Stand: the Salt March
  • a. Takes a stand against the British salt monopoly
  • b. Natural salt was available at the sea
  • c. British insisted the Indians buy salt from the monopoly

F. Breaking the Law

  • a. 1930 Gandhi and 78 followers marched 240-miles to the sea
  • b. By the time they reached the sea the people numbered in the thousands
  • c. Gandhi walked into the sea and picked up a lump of salt
  • 1. He was soon arrested

2. Tens of thousands of Indians were arrested


G. Steps toward Freedom

  • a. Newspapers around the world criticized Britain’s harsh reaction
  • H. Looking Ahead
  • a. 1939 new world war explodes
  • b. Indians were angered by Britain bringing them into a war w/o consulting them first.
  • c. They launched a campaign of noncooperation
  • d. Millions of Indians did help Britain during the war

e. Indian gained its independence in 1945

general classes answer the following questions
General Classes answer the following questions
  • Why did Indians call for independence after WWI?
  • What methods did Indians under Gandhi use to resist British rule?
  • What did the Salt March symbolize?
honors classes
Honors Classes
  • Create two cause and effect charts. Include one illustration for each chart.
    • One for the Salt March
    • One for Civil Disobedience
    • I