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IOCCP.ORG. IOCCP.ORG. Sponsors: UNESCO-IOC | SCOR. Sponsors: UNESCO-IOC | SCOR. A communication and coordination service for the international ocean carbon community. IOCCP 2007 Chair: Chris Sabine (US) Repeat Hydrography: Masao Fukasawa (Japan)

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A communication and coordination service for the international ocean carbon community.

IOCCP 2007

Chair:Chris Sabine (US)

Repeat Hydrography:Masao Fukasawa (Japan)

Underway pCO2:Bronte Tilbrook (Australia)

Time series networks:Nick Bates (Bermuda)

Remote Sensing / Modelling:Cyril Moulin (France)

Coastal observations:Helmuth Thomas (Canada)

Historical Data Sets:Dorothee Bakker (UK)

Process Studies:Cindy Lee (US)

SOLAS:Truls Johannessen (Norway)

IMBER:Arne Koertzinger (Germany)

Project Coordinators:Maria Hood and Roger Dargaville

  • Common global research goals and strategies to achieve them

  • A central information source about observation programs and research activities

  • An international forum to address compatibility / comparability issues to ensure that results from individual efforts can be combined

  • Global and basin synthesis groups that compile data and produce “science”

  • International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project

  • Approved in 2005 as standing project of IOC and SCOR:

  • Quantifying global ocean uptake of atmospheric CO2 and understanding its drivers, variability, and vulnerability requires a sustained, coordinated international effort

  • There is a an enormous amount of work being done at national, regional, and global levels

  • To move forward together, we need…

Ship-based Repeat Hydrography: x-cutting issues: CLIVAR, Argo, OceanSITES


Goal: To constrain basin-scale decadal changes of anthropogenic CO2 to ± 20%

Global survey is ½ completed and on track for completion in 2012

Discovered many non-WOCE repeat hydrography programs

Still problems with coverage and methods to determine anthropogenic CO2

System Evolution / Coordination

International Repeat Hydrography and Carbon (IRHC) activity: IOCCP, CLIVAR-GSOP, SOLAS-IMBER Carbon Group will develop a joint Advisory Panel

Define a ship-based repeat hydrography network for coordination / tracking, incorporating needs and contributions from other programs such as Argo, OceanSITES, Geotraces, etc. ;

Develop guidelines for a single international information center and data directory for hydrography that has support and buy-in from the community;

Review and provide guidance on the need to update the WOCE hydrographic manual.

Data and Data Products

Global dataset (GLODAP, CARINA, CarboOcean, CLIVAR) merged and with 1st level QC to be released by June 2007.

2nd level QC being carried out by Atlantic, Pacific, and Southern Ocean synthesis groups.

Community software is being developed to semi-automate 2nd level QC procedures.

Some important areas are still data sparse.

Research groups looking at techniques for estimating anthropogenic CO2; high-quality nutrient data is a potential problem.

Surface Carbon SOOP: x-cutting issues: JCOMM SOT /atmos. CO2 community


Goal: To constrain seasonal to interannual variability and climate sensitivity of air-sea CO2 flux on basin and global scales to ± 0.2 PgC/y (regional / basin scales)

Nearly 60% increase in number of underway lines since 2005

Most-used system is now commercially available (although slow…)

May implement a new intercomparison experiment in 2008

System Evolution / Coordination

Use available data to determine if we can meet goals. If yes, what is optimal system; If no, why (data, process understanding, both).

The current North Atlantic system can meet stated goals. O.S.E. will be carried out to determine optimal observing network required

Carrying out comparative analysis of global seasonal flux estimates (significant discrepancies among 5 groups) and will hold a targeted workshop on this + “ocean CO2 from space” to examine extrapolation techniques, proxies, data assimilation methods, neural network techniques, etc.

Data and Data Products

Agreements on global standard dataset and regular product development

Global standard surface CO2 data set being developed (3 million points from >550 cruises from 1972-2007 in common format 1st level QC database)

Regional synthesis groups looking at 2nd level QC issues, regional data to contribute to global standard data set, analysis of processes controlling regional variability.

Development of a Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) annual data product

Time Series Carbon: x-cutting issues: OceanSITES


Ocean carbon community has not set agreed science goal for a network of time series stations. (problem ?)

Census includes buoys and ships.

~ 120% increase in number of stations measuring carbon in the open ocean; (19 coastal / marginal seas stations now included on maps)

Better / more sensors for pCO2; still sensor-limited for other parameters (DIC, Alk, nutrients, biogeochem.)

System Evolution / Coordination

Despite agreements that time series stations are critical and unique for quantifying and understanding ocean carbon changes and drivers, still have problems with funding and support

Re-engage fully with OceanSITES group

Take a pro-active role in promoting time series science for the carbon and biogeochemistry community through a targeted workshop: possibly Hawaii, April / May 2008.

Data and Data Products

Work in cooperation with OceanSITES to ensure needs of carbon community are met

Nominate our CO2 data managers to the OceanSITES data group / support their participation in meetings and activities

Workshop may develop carbon groups to produce synthesis papers to demonstrate value of carbon time series data