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Role of the Court. Warm Up. What do you feel is the role of the federal judges regarding interpreting the Constitution?. Graphic Organizer Time. How Federal Cases are Appealed . Appealing a Case to the Supreme Court. Judicial Review. Judicial Review.

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Presentation Transcript

Warm up
Warm Up

  • What do you feel is the role of the federal judges regarding interpreting the Constitution?

Graphic organizer time
Graphic Organizer Time

  • How Federal Cases are Appealed

  • Appealing a Case to the Supreme Court

Judicial review1
Judicial Review

  • Judicial review refers to the power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a government action.

  • The Supreme Court first asserted its power of judicial review in the case of Marbury v. Madison(1803).

  • The Court’s decision laid the foundation for its involvement in the development of the American system of government.

John marshall great chief justice or greatest chief justice
John Marshall: Great Chief Justice or Greatest Chief Justice?

William &Mary:

Class of 1780

Movie time
Movie Time!!!

  • Judicial Review

  • Marburyvs. Madison

  • John Marshall


The case of the flying fish
The Case of the Flying Fish

  • Little v. Barreme(1804)

    • The President authorized the Navy to intercept any vessel going to or from a French port.

    • HOWEVER, Congress had passed a law telling the Navy to seize only vessels going to French ports.

    • The Flying Fish, a Dutch Ship, was coming from a French Port. It was seized by the USS Boston under the command of Captain George Little.

    • Captain Little was declared to be liable for executing a command that was illegal in nature.

Flying fish continued
Flying Fish Continued…

  • Key Issue:

    • Whether an order of the President, which in effect attempts to make law, can override an act of Congress.

  • The Supreme Court decides:

    • No, an order of the President which is in contradiction with an act of Congress is illegally put forth.

  • Reasoning:

    • Legislative branch makes laws and the Executive enforces the law. The Act of Congress limited what ships could be seized. The President acted contrary to these limits. His actions were unconstitutional.

Extra credit challenge
Extra Credit Challenge

  • Take Out Your Book

  • Turn to the Constitution

  • Find the Following:

    • Right to Privacy

    • Separation of Church and State

    • Freedom of Expression

No luck
No Luck?

  • Why do you think you couldn’t find any of these?

  • Do they exist?

    • Right to Privacy

    • Separation of Church and State

    • Freedom of Expression

Judicial activism vs judicial restraint
Judicial Activism vs. Judicial Restraint

  • Judicial Restraint- a theory of judicial interpretation that encourages judges to limit the exercise of their own power. It asserts that judges should hesitate to strike down laws unless they are obviously unconstitutional.

  • Judicial Activism- relates to activities of judges who, in the course of carrying out their duties, go beyond the strictly judicial function and enter into the political policymaking arena.

Examples of judicial activism
Examples of Judicial Activism

  • Judicial Activism

    • Judicial Review

      • Marbury v. Madison

    • Right to Privacy

    • Abortion Rights

      • Roe v. Wade

    • Abolished Segregation

      • Brown v. Board of Ed

    • Dred Scott v. Sanford

Role of the court
"It is every Americans' right and obligation to read and interpret the Constitution for himself."— Thomas Jefferson

Freedom of religion two parts
Freedom of Religion interpret the Constitution for himself."(Two Parts)

  • The Establishment Clause

  • "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.“

  • It has been interpreted to prohibit :

    • the establishment of a national religion by Congress, or

    • the preference of one religion over another.

  • The Free Exercise Clause

  • “or prohibiting the free exercise thereof“

  • It has been interpreted as:

    • Religious groups and individuals should have the right to meet and worship without undue government interference.

    • Individuals have the right to choose their own religion.