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Hobby Greenhouses and Other Growing Structures. Ward Upham. Questions That Must be Answered. What do you want to accomplish with your greenhouse or other structure? Start plants early Extend the season Overwinter plants Grow year-round What can you afford?. Start Plants Early.

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questions that must be answered
Questions That Must be Answered
  • What do you want to accomplish with your greenhouse or other structure?
    • Start plants early
    • Extend the season
    • Overwinter plants
    • Grow year-round
  • What can you afford?
start plants early
Start Plants Early
  • Light Garden for Germination and early growth
light garden
Light Garden
  • May want to use bottom heat
light garden1
Light Garden
  • Use fluorescents 2 inches above top of plants (18 hours light, 6 hours darkness)
what if plants leggy
What if Plants Leggy?
  • Increase light
  • Decrease temperature
fluorescent lamps
Fluorescent Lamps
  • T-12 lamp
    • 1500–1700 lumens last 10,000 to 20,000 hours
    • Use 40 watts for 48 inch lamp
  • T-8 lamp
    • 3400 lumens and lasts 40,000 hours
    • Use 32 watts for 48 inch lamp
  • T-5 lamp
    • 5000 lumens and lasts 30,000 hours
    • Uses 54 watts for 48 inch lamp
start plants early1
Start Plants Early
  • Light Garden for Germination and early growth
  • Cold Frame and Hotbed to grow to transplant size.
coldframes hotbeds
Coldframes & Hotbeds
  • Coldframes
    • No supplemental heat
  • Hotbeds
    • Supplemental heat.
supplemental heat
Supplemental Heat
  • 12 to 18 inches of manure under hotbed with 4 to 6 inches of soil on top
  • Plant when soil temp drops to 85 degrees
supplemental heat1
Supplemental Heat
  • Manure
  • Electric cable
extend the growing season
Extend the Growing Season
  • Hoophouses (High Tunnels) are relatively inexpensive (compared to greenhouses)
  • Greenhouses ($20/sq ft) High Tunnels ($.50/ sq ft)
high tunnels
High Tunnels
  • Single layer of plastic
  • No heat or cooling (other than venting)
  • Irrigation a must
high tunnels1
High Tunnels
  • Tomatoes ripen 3 to 4 weeks earlier in spring
  • Tomatoes can be harvested an additional 3 weeks in the fall.
overwintering plants1
Overwintering Plants
  • Gus’s Greenhouse
gus s greenhouse
Gus’s Greenhouse
  • Wood from discarded crates
  • Did buy plastic
growing year round
Growing Year-Round
  • Considerations
    • Winter growing difficult due to limited quantity and intensity of light
    • Winter growing expensive due to fuel costs
    • Summer growing difficult due to temperature control and watering demands. Need to have some type of shading.
    • Hobby greenhouses often lack adequate heating and cooling to grow plants year-round
locating a greenhouse
Locating a Greenhouse
  • Sun all day (or most of the day) is best for most (not all) plants
locating a greenhouse1
Locating a Greenhouse
  • Sun all day (or most of the day) is best for most (not all) plants
  • If must choose between morning sun and afternoon sun, choose morning sun
  • Normally want full sun but may help to shade late afternoon sun during the summer
types of greenhouses lean to
Types of Greenhouses: Lean-to

Line Drawing Courtesy of West Virginia University

lean to greenhouse
Lean-To Greenhouse
  • Advantages
    • Least expensive
    • Easy access
    • Insulation for and from adjoining structure
  • Disadvantages
    • Size limited by structure
    • Dirt and insects tracked into adjoining structure
    • Moisture
types of greenhouses free standing
Types of Greenhouses: Free-Standing

Line Drawing Courtesy of West Virginia University

free standing greenhouse
Free-Standing Greenhouse
  • Advantages
    • More flexibility in location and use
    • Easy expansion
    • Private Get-away
  • Disadvantages
    • More difficult access
    • Separate utilities must be run
    • Higher energy costs
pit greenhouse
Pit Greenhouse
  • Advantages
    • Less energy required to heat and cool
    • Temperature more constant
  • Disadvantages
    • Access more difficult
    • Need sump pump to get rid of excess water
    • More expensive to build
glazings
Glazings
  • The more light transmitted, the better
  • For every 1% reduction in light received, there is a 1% reduction in plant growth (unless you are over 3500 foot candles of light)
types of greenhouse coverings
Types of Greenhouse Coverings

Above info from University of Arkansas

other comments
Other Comments
  • Glass: Heavy and subject to breakage
  • Poly film: Cheap but short-lived. Must be UV treated. Best if inner layer is IR film that is anti-condensate.
  • Polycarbonate: Can be scratched but more resistant than acrylic. Also, less flammable than acrylic. High expansion and contraction
  • Acrylic: Easily scratched, flammable, lower impact resistance than polycarbonate. Also, high expansion & contraction
greenhouse environment
Greenhouse Environment
  • Heating
  • Cooling
  • Air circulation
  • Ventilation
ventilation
Ventilation
  • Roof vents can be operated by solar powered
  • Need vent for cool air (doors or dedicated vents.
air circulation
Air Circulation
  • Fans
  • Helps cut down on disease
heating
Heating
  • Gas (7,000 BTU @ $649)
  • Electric (7,600 BTU @ $324) 240 volt
  • Wood
heater btu rating needed varies with
Heater BTU Rating Needed Varies With
  • Size of greenhouse (Sq ft and height)
  • Exposure
  • Coldest temperature expected
  • Free-standing or lean-to
cooling
Cooling
  • Shade cloth
  • Often reduces sunlight by about 50%.
cooling1
Cooling
  • Evaporative (Swamp) Cooler for greenhouses 200 sq ft or smaller.
    • How well works depends on relative humidity
    • Cost $550 to $1500 for “box” models.
cooling2
Cooling
  • Can also place evaporative pads along one side of greenhouse for greenhouses over 200 square feet.
how to water properly
How to Water Properly
  • Allow enough time between watering to allow most of the water to be used. Roots must have oxygen.
  • Apply 10-15% more water than container will hold to leach salts. All fertilizers are salts.