Preparing to drive
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Preparing to Drive. Chapter 4. 4.1 Vehicle Instrumentation. Gauge A scale with an indicator needle or numeric marker that keeps track of changing conditions such as fuel level or speed Warning lights

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4 1 vehicle instrumentation
4.1 Vehicle Instrumentation

  • Gauge

    • A scale with an indicator needle or numeric marker that keeps track of changing conditions such as fuel level or speed

  • Warning lights

    • Usually red or yellow and they attract your attention to indicate a more serious problem with your vehicle


  • Speedometer

    • Indicates how fast you are going

  • Tachometer

    • Measures your engine in revolutions per minute (rpm)

  • Odometer

    • Meter that displays the total number of miles a vehicle has driven since being manufactured

  • Fuel Gauge

    • E, ¼ , ½ , ¾ , F

    • Rule of thumb-Don’t let it get below ¼ full

    • In cold weather, keep at least ½ a tank

Preparing to drive

Temperature Gauge

Fuel Gauge



Warning lights
Warning Lights

  • Alternator warning light

    • Red light on the panel, looks like a battery

    • Alternator is a generator that produces electricity to power the car’s electrical system

  • Braking System warning light

    • Reminds you that the parking brake is on

    • Indicates that part of the braking system is not working properly

Warning lights1
Warning Lights

  • Temperature Warning Light

    • Will come on if the engine temp is too high or if the coolant in the radiator is too hot.

    • Loss of coolant, clogged radiator, broken belt, thermostat, oil change

  • Oil Pressure Light

    • Will come on if the engine oil is not circulating at the right pressure.

    • If gauge reads “low”, Stop Immediately

    • Slow leak, puncture in oil pan, natural burning

4 2 operating devices
4.2 Operating Devices

  • What are you going to need when driving?


  • Headlights

    • High Beams must be capable of illuminating objects up to 350 feet

    • Low Beams must be capable of illuminating objects up to 100 feet

    • Must be on from sunset to sunrise/May be ticketed

  • Taillights

    • Red lights that can be seen from a distance of 500 feet

  • Back-up Lights

    • White or amber lights on the back of the vehicle that are activated when the car is put into reverse

  • Daytime Running Lights?

  • Parking Lights

    • White or amber colored lights on the front of the vehicle


  • Turn Signals

    • Located on all four corners of the vehicle

    • Must be visible from 100 feet

    • Lever is always located on the left side of the steering column

  • Hazard Lights

    • Emergency flashers

    • Used to let other drivers know you need help, either an emergency or the car is not functioning properly

    • Can be used for slow moving vehicles also

Other operating devices
Other Operating Devices

  • Windshield Wipers

    • Must have them on to remove rain, snow, and other moisture from the windshield to see clearly

  • Horn

    • Must be heard from a distance of 200 feet

    • Required by law and used to warn others of your presence or impending collision


  • Interior Rearview Mirrors

    • Rectangular mirror suspended from the roof or attached to the windshield

    • Allows you to see directly behind you

    • Can be adjusted for day and night driving

  • Exterior Sideview Mirrors

    • Allows you to see down the sides of your vehicle and neighboring lanes of traffic

      *Adjust mirrors every time you get into the car*

Blind spots
Blind Spots

  • Areas not reflected in your mirrors

  • Sizes of the blind spot depend on the size of the vehicle

    • Drivers who are short and drive big cars have a bigger blind spot

    • Drivers who are tall in a smaller car will have a smaller blind spot

  • Never trust your mirrors! Always turn your head and look before you change your position

Other operating devices1
Other Operating Devices

  • Seat adjustment

  • Door locks

  • Windows

  • Sun visors

  • Heating and cooling and defrost

Pre start procedure
Pre-Start Procedure

  • Check around the car

  • Get in Lock the door

  • Put key in Ignition

  • Adjust your seat

  • Adjust your mirrors

  • Put on seat belt

  • Start the Car

Pre start procedure1
Pre-Start Procedure

  • Outside Checks

  • Walk around vehicle

  • Check tires

  • Wheels Pointed?

  • Windshield, Headlights, Taillights

  • Loose objects in windows

  • Unwanted passengers

  • Getting into Vehicle

  • Keys in hand

  • Walk front to back

  • Get in quickly

  • Close and lock door

  • Key in ignition

Inside checks
Inside Checks

  • Lock Doors

    • Less likely to fly open in a collision

  • Adjust Seat

    • Be comfortable

    • Back firmly against seat

    • Sit high enough to see over steering wheel

  • Hand Position

    • Hands at 9 & 3

    • In a comfortable position with elbows slightly bent

  • Foot Position

    • Reach for accelerator and brake to find a comfortable position

    • Knees slightly bent

  • Adjust Head Restraint

    • Should rest at the middle of the back of your head

  • Adjust Rear View Mirror

    • It should show the area behind you through the rear window

  • Adjust Side View Mirrors

    • They should show a slight amount of the sides of the vehicle

  • Fasten Safety Belts

    • You and your passengers

4 3 vehicle controls
4.3 Vehicle Controls

  • Five basic Controls

  • Steering wheel

  • Ignition

  • Accelerator

  • Brakes

  • Gear shift

  • Also:

  • Clutch

  • Cruise control

Vehicle controls
Vehicle Controls

  • Steering Wheel

    • Controls the wheels of the vehicle

    • Power steering assists the driver so that turning requires minimal effort

  • Ignition

    • Where you insert the key located on the right side of the steering column.

    • Four positions

    • Off, on, start, acc.

  • Accelerator

    • Gas pedal-press down to give it gas, let off to slow it down

    • Different vehicles accelerate at different rates

  • Brakes

    • Too much pressure makes the car stop abruptly, ease on to the brake unless needed

Vehicle controls1
Vehicle Controls

  • GearShift

    • On the steering column or center console

  • Clutch

    • Manual transmission vehicles only

  • Cruise control

    • Allows you to regulate your vehicles speed for highway or freeway driving without using the accelerator