ISLAM IN INDIA: AN OVERVIEW. Dr. Doris Jakobsh. Adherents.com WORLD-WIDE MUSLIM POPULATIONS 900 MILLION. ISLAM:. Meaning = Submission/Surrender To ‘Allah’ (‘the God’) ‘God alone is great’. CONTEXT:. 3 great ‘super-powers’: Byzantine Empire - Christian Ethiopian Empire – Christian
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Dr. Doris Jakobsh
3 great ‘super-powers’:
In 632, he was suddenly taken ill. on June 8, with his third wife Aishah beside him, the Messenger of God "died with the heat of noon."
“There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his messenger (Quran, 48:29).’’
EID GREETING CARDS
Behold! We gave the site to Abraham of the (Sacred) House (saying): "Associate not any thing (in worship) with Me; and sanctify My House for those who compass it round or stand up or bow or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer)."And proclaim the Pilgrimage among men: they will come to thee on foot and (mounted) on every kind of camel lean on account of journeys through deep and distant mountain highways;"That they may witness the benefits (provided) for them and celebrate the name of Allah through the Days appointed over the cattle which He has provided for them (for sacrifice): then eat ye thereof and feed the distressed ones in want."Then let them complete the rites prescribed for them perform their vows and (again) circumambulate the Ancient House."Such (is the Pilgrimage): whoever honors the sacred rites of Allah for him it is good in the sight of his Lord. Lawful to you (for food in pilgrimage) are cattle except those mentioned to you (as exceptions): but shun the abomination of idols and shun the word that is false.
Each year an Arab nation provides the beautiful drapes which cover the Kab’ah for the Hajj.
Reflections of a devotee at the Haj,
Here I am O Allah, at Thy Command. Here I am, at Thy Command.There is no partner unto Thee. Here I am, at Thy Command.Verily Thine is the praise, the blessings and the sovereignty of the universe.There is no partner unto Thee.
Reflections of a devotee at the Hajj
"It would require a master pen to describe the scene, poignant in its intensity, of that great concourse of humanity of which I was one small unit, completely lost to their surroundings in a fervor of religious enthusiasm. Many of the pilgrims had tears streaming down their cheeks; others raised their faces to the starlit sky that had witnessed this drama so often in the past centuries. The shining eyes, the passionate appeals, the pitiful hands outstretched in prayer moved me in a way that nothing had ever done before, and I felt caught up in a strong wave of spiritual exaltation. I was one with the rest of the pilgrims in a sublime act of complete surrender to the Supreme Will which is Islam."
Lady Evelyn Cobbold, 1934
ISLAM IN INDIA MUHAMMAD’S CONTROL
GHAZNI VICTORY TOWER, GHAZNI, AFGHANISTAN
"I am the scourge of God appointed to chastise you, since no one knows the remedy for your iniquity except me. You are wicked, but I am more wicked than you, so be silent!"
Babur's Purana Qila, Delhi
“Are you looking for me? I am in the next seat.
My shoulder is against yours.
You will not find me in stupas, not in shrine rooms, nor in temples:
Not in masses, nor kirtan, not in eating nothing but vegetables.
When you really look for me, you will see me instantly:
You will find me in the tiniest house of time.
Kabir says: Student, tell me, what is God?
He is the breath inside the breath.”
“Swan, tell me your story.
What country have you come from, swan, what shores are you flying to?
Where do you rest at night, and what are you looking for?
It’s dawn, swan, wake up, soar to the air, follow me!
There is a land not governed by sadness and doubt, where the fear of death is unknown.
Spring forests bloom there and the wind is sweet with the flower ‘He-Is-Myself’.
The bee if the heart dives into it and wants no other joy.”
“I’m asking you, Mr. Muslim
With your red and yellow
Rags and robes.
Now you, Mr. Qazi [religious administrator]
What kind of work is that,
Going from house to house
Who gave you the order for chickens and goats?
Who told you to swing the knife?
Aren’t you afraid to be called a sage
As you read your verses
And dupe the world?
Kabir says, this high class Muslim
Wants to force this way on the world.
Fast all day
Kill cows at night,
Here prayers, there blood –
Does this please God?”
- KABIR URGED PEOPLE OF ALL FAITHS TO FIND SALVATION IN TOTAL SURRENDER TO GOD
- THIS ALONE IS THE TRUE PATH
“O servant, where does thou seek me?
Lo! I am beside thee.
I am neither in temple nor in mosque.
I am neither in Kaaba nor in Kailash.
Neither am I in rites and ceremonies,
Nor in yoga and renunciation.
If thou are a true seeker,
Thou shalt at once see me.
Thou shalt meet me in a moment of time.
Kabir says, ‘O Sadhu’
God is in the breath of all.”