INTRODUCTORY PSYCHOLOGY – CHAPTER 5 - PERCEPTION. WHAT ARE 6 FEATURES OF PERCEPTION?. *knowledge-based - we interpret sensations based on what we already know; *inferential- we form perceptual hypotheses based on incomplete information;
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less disruption if sleep is shifted to later time because underlying rhythm is 24 to 25 hours;
c)REM sleep may be used to check and expand nerve connections in the brain (babies experience about REM sleep about 80% pf the time spent sleeping);
b)state: altered state, results in difference in how suggestions are carried out;
c)physical dependence or addiction- altered physical state as well as psychological effects;
c)narcotics - include opium, morphine, heroin; result in increased sleepiness; decreased sensitivity to pain;
INTRODUCTORY PSYCHOLOGY - REVIEW - SOCIAL COGNITION - CHAPTER 17 - BERNSTEIN
two general tendencies which influence whether a first impression is positive or negative:
may assume negative information results from being unfriendly or other undesirable characteristics.
result is females experience lower self-confidence and increased pessimism about academic experience.
(2)actor-observer bias (=we tend to avoid the fundamental attribution error when explaining our own behavior;
(3)companionate (=high in intimacy and commitment, low in sexual passion);
STEREOTYPES - impressions or schemas (sets of beliefs and perceptions about entire groups of people;