Exposure to Delinquent Peers. Why S.L. measure? Strength of Relationship R’s = .2 - .4 are common Criticisms. Measuring delinquency twice Causal (time) ordering (birds of a feather. Pro-Criminal Attitudes. Why a measure of S.L.? Strength of relationship? R’s > .4 Criticism.
CAUSAL ORDERING: Rationalization are
simply post-hoc excuses, they do not “cause”
crime, but only allow the criminal to wiggle
out of trouble
Support for the Sutherland/Akers Tradition
SUPPORT FOR BANDURA, PATTERSON
1. Substantial Empirical Support (survey and experimental)
2. Useful Policy Implications
3. Scope and Parsimony
1. Causal ordering?
2. Is all antisocial behavior “learned?”