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Developing Fluent Readers and Writers. Why do students need to learn to read and write high-frequency words? What strategies do students learn to use to recognize unfamiliar words? How do students become fluent readers? Why is fluency important?. Ms. Williams’ High-Frequency Word Instruction.

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Developing Fluent Readers and Writers


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developing fluent readers and writers

Developing Fluent Readers and Writers

Why do students need to learn to read and write high-frequency words?

What strategies do students learn to use to recognize unfamiliar words?

How do students become fluent readers?

Why is fluency important?

ms williams high frequency word instruction
Ms. Williams’ High-Frequency Word Instruction
  • Thematic Units of Study with Fiction & Non-Fiction Texts
  • Word Wall/ Word Manipulatives
  • Interactive Writing
  • Literacy Centers: Retelling, Science, Word Work, Listening, Word Wall, Writing, Word Sort, Library (student aides)
  • Language Experience Approach
  • Choral Reading
goals in teaching students to read and write
Word Recognition:

the quick and easy

pronunciation or

spelling of a

familiar

word

Word Identification:

the ability to figure out the pronunciation or spelling of an unfamiliar word using a strategy such as syllabic analysis

Goals in teaching students to read and write
word recognition strategies
Word Recognition Strategies
  • High-Frequency, “Sight Words,” are not easily decodable
  • Word Walls / Word Work Centers
    • Making Words Tiles, Magnetic Letters, Paint Bags, Sidewalk Chalk
  • Introduce Words in Context
  • Chant/Clap the Spelling of New Words
  • Interactive Writing / L.E.A.
  • Class Books
word identification strategies
Word Identification Strategies
  • Phonic Analysis – using sound / symbol relationships & patterns to decode & spell
  • By Analogy – using knowledge of rhyming words to deduce a pronunciation or spelling; focus on word families or rimes
  • Syllabic Analysis – breaking words into syllables before using phonics & analogies; also known as “chunking”
  • Morphemic Analysis – applying knowledge of root words & affixes to identify unfamiliar words through the meaning of all parts
what is fluency
What is Fluency?
  • Fluency is the ability to read effectively and involves three components:
    • Reading Rate – the speed at which students read (fluent reading = 100 words / minute)
    • Word Recognition – automatic recognition of high-frequency words
    • Prosody – the ability to orally read sentences with appropriate phrasing and intonation
promoting reading fluency
Promoting Reading Fluency
  • Repeated Readings
  • Teaching Phrasing (chunking sentences)
  • Choral Reading / Unison Reading
  • Readers Theatre
  • Echo Reading
  • Listening Centers
  • Shared Reading
  • Buddy Reading
  • Closed Captioning