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Bonjour! (good day)

Bonjour! (good day)

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Bonjour! (good day)

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  1. Bonjour!(good day) Comment allez vous? (how go you? How do you go? How are you going?)

  2. Lexis (High frequency words found in both specialized and general scientific texts) 1. Measurement about accurate acute afford amount average billion breadth check (verify; stop temporarily) cost couple (to join, link) deep drawback equal even far figure gain hight inaccurate lack length level load Monitor odd random rate ratio reach reading run out of scale shallow shape short single size speed steady strength weigh worth

  3. 2. Space and shape above ahead among area arrow away axis back (to back a car; come back; to support, back up) behind below beneath between beyond bottom bracket [ ] by-pass core corner close (v. kloz; n. klos) cross-section curve design dump (to dump, n. waste dump, dumping of merchandize) edge elsewhere feature (an aspect, a characteristic, a quality) flat foreign frame framework ground (surface, reasons) hole hollow inner layer left locate middle miss net (≠ french) network offshore once outer outline path pattern peak plan plot (diagram) point out range recur remote right ring root schedule scheme (plan, arrangement) side space species spot spread straight strip (landing strip; strip off = take away completely) team through throughout (during, right through) tip top track

  4. 3. Relation according to add agree alike apart belong bond both in charge of choice choose compete depend on independent of due exceed follow gap gather last (v. continue) lead (lead to = result in; metal Pb) like link match (v.) relate remain share span stage struggle supply tend trend twin Latin: status quo (the existing state of affairs), ad hoc (specially) post hoc (after the fact), non sequitur (it does not logically follow), i.e. (id est = that is to say), e.g. (exempli gratia = for example), N.B. (nota bene = note), op.cit (opere citato = in the work quoted).

  5. 4. Modification almost available basic brief bright busy care (careful) cheap (comp., chip) chief convenient crude current defective dramatic dry (wet) efficient empty entire fair (just) fairly (relatively) eventually (finally, at last) feasible free great hardly (≠ hard) heavy huge hazard (danger; harzardous = dangerous; ≠ "par hazard" = by chance =haphazard) loud (-speaker) low main merely mild minute narrow outstanding partly power rather (relatively) quite (two almowt contradictory meanings: 1. "relatively" - quite good, quite hot, quite slow, quite cheap; 2. "totally" - quite impossible, quite dead, quite empty, quite wrong, etc.) raw rough safe seldom (rarely) sensitive several sharp slight smooth soft sole spare steep suit suite thick thin thorough (complete, careful) tiny upper useful virtual (almost, pratically, in fact) wet whole wide widespread worldwide wrong

  6. 5. Link words Although besides consequently despite either – neither former-latter furthermore hence however instead meantime moreover namely nevertheless otherwise owing to previous in spite of subsequent prior (prep., adj.) such since (temporal since = from the time; causality since = because, as) thanks to thereby (thus, hence, because of this) though (despite the fact) thus (therefore, consequently) unless (except if) until whereas whether while (during that time; whereas) yet (conj., however, but; adv. = up till now. ex., have they arrived yet? you have not yet done it)

  7. 6a. Process and manipulation acquire advertise aim (v., n.) allow apply (vt, vi) arrange avoid ban (prohibit) beat (move regularly, hit, do better.) bend blast boost (push up, increase) break breakdown breakthrough (victory, dicisive step forward) build burst (break out suddenly, explode) construct convey (carry, transport) damage destroy disturb draw drive drill (make a hole; repetitive exercise) drop earn Emit enable (to make possible; encircle, endanger, enjoy, ensure, enclose, enhance, enlarge) escape exhaust fail fasten ('fa:sn) fault feed feedback fill fire fit fulfill (satisfy) goal handle (hold, manipulate, deal with) Harm head hold injure (hurt) insert insulate introduce involve ("impliquer, entrainer")

  8. 6b. Process and manipulation lay - layout (design, plan) lie lift let (to allow; to assume: Let x = 2 and y = 3) lock manage (to do s/thing difficult) mend need obtain operate overcome ("surmonter, résoudre") pick prevent (stop; ≠ "prévenir") proceed produce-product Pull process (a process, in the process of, data processing) provide-provided-providing purpose push rent repair request require run (run a factory, run fast, in the long run, run into difficulty, run out) set (set of data, to set the time, set up an experiment, set out a plan) scatter slide spill ("renverser") split spoil ("gâter", damage) spray store stress swing switch target threat train-training trigger undergo yield

  9. 7a. Knowledge and statement account (written account = compte rendu; take into account = compter; account for = expl) acknowledge actual (real) actually ≠ actuellement address advice, advise appeal assume aware array (a display, a series which is shown) believe claim (to declare s/thing is true) clear converse (opposite; conversation) convince describe display doubt encounter deduce (draw logical conclusions) evidence (= data which prove s/thing; "c'est une évidence = this is an obvious fact; don’t say « an evidence, two evidences » like the French) event expect face fact false fear find out focus forecast foresee guess ignore (not to take into account; ≠ "je l'ignore" = I don't know) imply (= to indicate, to suggest; ≠ "impliqué dans un accident = involved; ceci implique = logically leads to, entails) include inquire insight (understanding)

  10. 7b. Knowledge and statement issue (subject, topic, question of interest; ≠ "issue" = way out, result, solution) liable (likely to do s/thing; has a tendency of; when you are tired you are more liable to make a mistake) likelihood (probability) likely-unlikely list mean - means (sing.) notice obvious ought to outlook (probable feature, expected) overview presume print prove-proof record regard rely rule search seek skill (practical knowledge, qualified, ability to do) solve spokesman topic update warn work out

  11. 8. Experimentation achieve (succeed in getting, = "atteindre", obtenir; ≠ "achever" = complete, finish); to be distinguished from « archive » ability attain attempt attract bear (carry, support) behave boil burn carry out contain cool deal (deal with = "traiter de", business deal, a great deal of money) device-devise dissolve experience-experiment (faire la distinction!) facility (= équipements; ≠ facilité) freeze grow heat kind maintain melt occur pressure resolve standard survey task warm waste trial (by trial and error = par tâtonnement)

  12. 9. Movement and change actuate (put into physical action; = "déclencher") anticlockwise - clockwise alter (= change) arise (to happen, to begin to exist) backwards - forwards - downwards - eastwards death drift (move slowly) expand extend fall flight flow improve increase input - output journey lose – loose leak move propel raise - rise reduce remove shift spin - spin off (= incidental resulting benefits, side effects) step strike travel (v.) - travelling (n.) withdraw

  13. 10. Matter and objects alloy appliance beam belt blood-bone-brain-cell channel (v. to direct; money is being channelled into cancer research) chip component compound comprise computer concrete copper crew crop (plants grown by farmers, like tobacco crop) customer disease - decease dust engine - engineer - engineering funds goods grant hardware (uncountable nouns) health heart iron (be careful about the pronunciation) jet key lens light (n, adj, v) magnet nitrogen noise oil pipe plant plug probe ray rubble salt sample screen sand (stone) sensor shadow shell silver skin soil sound spark staff (group of workers) steel stream tank vacuum weapon well wheel wire

  14. 11. How do you say them? Cardinals (jishu, fundamental #) - 1, ……., 100, …. 100,000, 106, 1010 Ordinals (xushu, order #) - 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, …….100th, 101st, … Fractions (fenshu) - 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, 2/5 … Decimals (xiaoshu) - 20.15, 0.042, … 10-10 Expressions or equations - 8x3 = 24, 24/6 = 4, x2, y3, elt Prefixes to names of units - deci (10-1), centi (10-2), milli (10-3), micro (10-6), nano (10-9), pico (10-12), femto (10-15), atto (10-18). deca (101), hecto (102), kilo (103), mega (106), giga (109), tera (1012), peta (1015), exa (1018). Ages - a (annum), Ka, Ma, Ga, b.y., AE (aeon)

  15. Nouns hardware (uncountable nouns); Some u.n. in English but countable in French are: evidence, information, hair, feedback, advice, knowledge, progress

  16. A la semaine prochaine(see you next week)