Volatile Substances. Volatile Substances. Commonly referred to as ‘inhalants’, ‘solvents’, ‘solvent based products’ Common terms include ‘chroming’, ‘huffing’, ‘sniffing’, ‘bagging’
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‘solvents’, ‘solvent based products’
‘huffing’, ‘sniffing’, ‘bagging’
Lack of good epidemiological data, however:
ADAC (2000, p. 8)
3 major patterns of use:
Methods of use:
Type of Product
Environment(method of administratione.g. inhaling, direct spraying)
Individual (gender, age)
The credibility and impact of GP messages to young people should not be underestimated.
Sense of invulnerability
Effects at high doses
Visual distortions or hallucinations
Unpredictable behaviour, then:
final stages (seizures, coma cardiopulmonary arrest, death).Effects – Short Term
Negative acute / short-term effects
Nausea and vomiting
Diarrhoea, abdominal pain
Nosebleeds and sores
High doses place user at risk of:
Injury or death occur from:
Petrol sniffing may result in lead poisoning.
chronic neurological deficits
hearing loss, and loss of sense of smell
motor impairment esp. secondary to lead poisoning
peripheral nerve damage.
Renal – nephrolithiasis, glomerulopathies
Pulmonary–e.g. pulmonary hypertension, acute respiratory distress
Cardiovascular –e.g. VF, arrhythmias, acute cardiomyopathy
Haematological–e.g. blood dyscrasias.Complications from Long-term Use
Avoid GP lectures to school/youth groups – evidence suggests it may increase curiosity and level of use.
providing more youth activities
information & education
making sniffing illegal within communities
policing and Drug Action Teams
Various community responses to address the issue of inhaling volatile substances tried including: