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Chest CT. By: Sara al-lithey, Nora Alanazi. Outline :. Chest CT. Indications. Contraindications. Chest CT protocols. - HRCT protocol. - Pathology protocol. - Pulmonary Embolism. Patient after care.

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Chest ct

Chest CT

By: Sara al-lithey, Nora Alanazi


Outline
Outline:

  • Chest CT.

  • Indications.

  • Contraindications.

  • Chest CT protocols.

    - HRCT protocol.

    - Pathology protocol.

    - Pulmonary Embolism.

  • Patient after care .


Chest ct scanning
Chest CT scanning

  • is a noninvasive medical test that helps physicians diagnose and treat medical conditions.

  • CT scan is better for chest

  • CT it show many different types of tissue, including the lungs, heart, bones, soft tissues, muscle and blood vessels in short time.


Indication
Indication

  • Chest pain.

  • Chest trauma.

  • Infection.

  • Intra-thoracic bleeding

  • Pulmonary embolism.

  • Pneumonia.

  • Suspected tumor or mass.

  • Assessment of interstitial lung disease

  • Minor fibrosis


Contraindication
Contraindication

  • Pregnancy.

  • Hypersensitivity to iodinated contrast media( if contrast is used).

  • Renal failure.

  • Heart disorder



1 hrct
1- HRCT

  • Without contrast.

  • High kV, mAs & thin slices to produces a high spatial resolution and anatomic detail

  • No preparation

  • Sedation if needed.


Patient position
Patient position

  • Supine, in the center of the table

  • Feet first in the gantry (child, head first to see the chest movement during the breathing after the sedation).

  • Table height

  • The arms are above the head.

  • The external laser liner in the chine.

    Scout Images:

  • PA : plane 180º

  • Lat : plane 90º



Chest ct

Scanparameters:

Window


Chest ct

Reformatting: sagittal & coronal

Note:

FOV is as small as possible while still including all of the soft tissue and the upper abdominal part (to check the metastasis).


2 pathology c
2- Pathology (C+)

Preparation:

  • NPO 3-4 hours before the procedure.

  • Not allergic or asthmatic.

  • Renal function test normal

    1 week inpatient.

    3 month diabetic patient

    6 month non diabetic patient.

  • Canulla in the Rt arm, size 18, 20 Gag.

  • Sedation if needed


Procedure1
Procedure

  • Inspiration technique: As HRCT

  • Patient position: As HRCT

  • IV Contrast media:

  • Omnipaque

  • Xenetix

  • Adult : 300

  • Child: 250


Contrast media
Contrast media

The injector machine

Hand injection

Adult Child

FR 5ml/sec 5ml/sec

V 100 ml Weight × 2

Time delay

15- 20 sec

C. in the Aorta


Chest ct


3 pulmonary embolism scan
3- Pulmonary Embolism scan

  • Fast helical CT scanning to visualization of the pulmonary vessels and lung parenchyma during the injection of a CM to detect any obstruction.

  • Optimal contrast should be in the pulmonary arteries, but not in the pulmonary veins.

  • Patient Preparation & position:As 2nd tech.


Chest ct

Main thing: calculate the contrast time that start from the injection until it will enter in the

main pulmonary artery

Two ways to calculate the timing:

Smart Prep

Bolus timing

Then selected in the computer.


A smart prep
A- Smart Prep

  • In case if:

  • The heart rate abnormal (above 110-140)

  • Obese patient (above 110 Kg).



B bolus timing
b- Bolus Timing

  • In case if the heart rate normal (70-90)

  • Procedure

  • PA scout (to localize the pulmonary trunk).

  • FOV only in the bifurcation of the trachea and take CT images.


Chest ct

  • Select 20 images in the same location

  • Give 20 ml IV CM (FR 5 ml/ sec)

  • Start the CM in the same time of the exposure

  • wait the image to review.

  • From the 20 images, select the good image with the good contrast in the Main Pulmonary artery.

  • Time delayed calculation:

  • image number × 2 = sec


Chest ct


I v contrast
I.V. Contrast fixed the scan time manually.

  • Smart Prep: Adult: 100 ml – 5 ml/ sec

  • Bolus timing: Scan time × 5 = volume

    The bolus timing is Better than the Smart Prep

  • Less C. dose, so there is chance to repeat the scan again if there is any mistake ( the max dose is 100 ml/ day).


Reformatting
Reformatting fixed the scan time manually.

  • Sagittal

  • Coronal

  • Both oblique

  • Maximal intensity projection (MIP)


After care
After care fixed the scan time manually.

  • Pt. can eat or drink as normal.

  • Drink fluids to flush the contrast.

  • Bandaged contrast injection site.

  • Watch the patient for adverse contrast reactions.