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China Oil Transportation Safety Forum Shanghai, China - July 20, 2011 . Analysis of Tankers Accidents and the Human Element in Oil Transportation Safety JOSEPH ANGELO MANAGING DIRECTOR. INTERTANKO Tanker Statistics Human Element. INTERTANKO.

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china oil transportation safety forum shanghai china july 20 2011

China Oil Transportation Safety Forum Shanghai, China - July 20, 2011

Analysis of Tankers Accidents and the Human Element in Oil Transportation Safety

JOSEPH ANGELO

MANAGING DIRECTOR

slide2

INTERTANKO

Tanker Statistics

Human Element

intertanko
INTERTANKO
  • INTERTANKO is a non-governmental organization established in 1970 to represent the interests of independent tanker operators at the international, regional, national and local levels
  • Staff of 24 with offices in London, Oslo, Washington, Singapore and Brussels
  • NGO status at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the International Oil Spill Compensation Fund.  Consultative status at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
intertanko1
INTERTANKO

MISSION

Provide Leadershipto the Tanker Industry in serving the World

with the SAFE, ENVIRONMENTALLY

SOUND AND EFFICIENT seaborne transportation of oil, gas

and chemical products

intertanko2
INTERTANKO

PRIMARY GOAL

Lead the CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT

of the Tanker Industry’s Performance

in striving to achieve

the Goals of:

  • Zero Fatalities
  • Zero Pollution
  • Zero Detentions
membership
MEMBERSHIP

MEMBERSHIP is open to independent tanker owners and operators of oil and chemical tankers (i.e. non-oil companies and non-state controlled tanker owners) who meet the membership criteria.

ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIPis available to any entity with an interest in the shipping of oil and chemicals.

membership1
MEMBERSHIP
  • 250+ Members
  • 3,300+ Tankers
  • 285+ Million DWT
  • Members in 40+ countries
  • MORE THAN 75% OF THE INDEPENDENT TANKER FLEET
  • 300+ Associate Members
all reported tanker incidents all tankers all sizes and accidental oil pollution from tankers bars
All reported tanker incidents all tankers all sizesand accidental oil pollution from tankers (bars)

’000 ts

Number

Seaborne oil trade has increased some 30% since 2000

all reported tanker incidents all tankers all sizes all types of incidents show the same trend
All reported tanker incidents all tankers all sizesall types of incidents show ≈ the same trend

Number

Grounding decline the most, typical human related incidents collision and grounding 43% of incidents in 2011, (50% in 2010, 47% in 2009, 48% in 2008), hull& machinery incidents mainly engine failure, hardly any hull failures

tanker incidents by type
Tanker incidents by type

% of total

2012 a projection based on 166 days

Source: INTERTANKO, based on data from LMIU, ITOPF + others

tanker incidents
Tanker incidents

Worst incident 2009 may be collision/fire Formosa Brick collision in the Straits of Singapore Aug 2009 9 fatalities and Elli that broke in to two at the entrance Suez Canal.

Rate is number incidentsdivided by number tankersin the segment

tanker hull machinery incidents
Tanker hull & machinery incidents

Number incidents

Based on data from LMIU, ITOPF + others

tanker hull machinery incidents1
Tanker hull & machinery incidents

Number of incidents

2010 figures are for 110 days

Based on data from LMIU, ITOPF + others

accidental oil pollution into the sea spills per tonne miles 1970 2011
Accidental oil pollution into the seaspills per tonne-miles 1970-2011

Tonnes spiltper bntonne miles oil transportation

No major this year oil spill until June 2011 Record low 2008/09

Source: INTERTANKO/ITOPF

accidental oil pollution into the sea and tanker trade
Accidental oil pollution into the sea and tanker trade

1000

ts spilt

bn

tonne-miles

Source: INTERTANKO/ITOPF/Fearnleys

number spills above 700 tonnes
Number spills above 700 tonnes

Number

1970s 25.2

1980s 9.3

1990s 7.8

2000s 3.3

Record low 2008/09

Source: INTERTANKO/ITOPF

incidents attended by itopf most oil spills come from bunkers and other shiptypes than tankers
Incidents attended by ITOPFMost oil spills come from bunkers and other shiptypes than tankers

Number of incidents

Source: International Tankers Owners Pollution Fund (ITOPF)

estimated total average annual u s oil spillage
Estimated total average annual U.S. Oil Spillage

bbls

Storage and consumption include: Non-Tank Vessels (Cargo Ships) (2%), Other vessels (5%), Gas stations and Truck stops, Residential, Aircraft, Inland EPA-Regulated facilities (77%), Coastal facilities (Non-Refining) , Inland unknown, Motor vehicles, Others Transport includes: Inland pipelines (80%), Tanker trucks (10%), Railroads (2%), Tank ships (4%), Tank barges (percentages are percentages for the period 1998-2007 for the particular segment. (Percentages in graph is the tank ships percentage of total spillage for he period).

Pollution from tankers in the US have been strongly reduced both in absolute terms and as a percentage of total spillage in each period

Based on data from USCG

tanker accidental pollution 1974 2010 by cause
Tanker accidental pollution 1974 – 2010by cause

Tankers spills of

7 - 700 tonnes

Tankers spills of

< 7 tonnes

Tankers spills of

> 700 tonnes

9,938 spills 958 spills 106 spills

Operational

Other/unknown

Groundings

Hull failures

Collisions

Fire & Explosion

Based on data from ITOPF

intertanko initiatives
INTERTANKO INITIATIVES

Tanker Officer Training Standards(TOTS)

Benchmarking

Lost time indicator

Crew/officer retention

Databases

Confidential accident reporting(CARP)

why tots
Why TOTS?
  • Increasing tanker incidents
  • Human Element Factors
  • Shortage of Experienced Officer
  • Officer Training Requirements Continuous Improvement (TMSA)
tots objectives
TOTS OBJECTIVES
  • Ensure compliance with today’s rules and regulations.
  • Ensure that the team onboard will operate the tanker safe and environmentally aware
  • “Ease compliance” with Officer Matrix Requirements.
tots elements
TOTS ELEMENTS

Four Elements of the TOTS

1. Training Record Books:

Time in Rank

Time with Company

2. Computer Based Assessment (CBA)

Time in Rank

3. Company Verification (CBA)

Time with Company

4. Ship Specific Practical Simulator Verification/Training

Tanker Type Specific

Time in Rank Specific

tots approved maritime training centers
TOTS - Approved Maritime Training Centers
  • Major training centres accredited for TOTS simulator training courses:

MTC HamburgARI in IndiaCOMPASS in ManilaItalian Maritime Academy Philippines (IMAPhil)

    • All are accredited to operate TOTS element 4 for crude oil tanker, product tanker and chemical tanker simulator training and simulator verification
tots human element
TOTS – Human Element

Human Element aspects addressed in TOTSvia Crew Resource Management (CRM):

  • Situational awareness
  • Planning & Decision making
  • Communications
  • Teamwork
  • Emotional climate
  • Stress
  • Managing Stress
  • Commercial Organizational Pressures
  • Morale
  • Fatigue
tots additional info
TOTS – Additional Info
  • Winner of the 2009 SEATRADE Award for “Investment in People”
  • Approved as a Professional Standard by

The Nautical Institute.

The Institute of Marine Engineering Science & Technology

  • For E-TOTS and paper version of TOTS, contact publisher Marlin at http://www.marlins.co.uk/tots.htm
lost time indicator frequency
Lost Time Indicator Frequency
  • Lost Time Indicator Frequency (LTIF) provides members with a useful tool for benchmarking their LTIF and Total Recordable Case Frequency (TRCF) against other INTERTANKO members in a confidential manner
  • Based upon OCIMF Marine Injury Reporting Guidelines.
  • LTIF and TRCF are calculated and sorted from low to high in bar graphs displaying the results so members not only to know whether they are below or above average, but also to know their position vis-à-vis other members (See example)
crew officer retention
Crew/officer retention
  • Crew/Officer Retention benchmarking enables members to input their own results and then benchmark their rates against the INTERTANKO fleet on a fully confidential basis
  • Rates formula has been modeled upon the "Abelson adjusted turnover rate” modified by INTERTANKO to ensure that the output is a measure of the company percentage retention rate as opposed to a turnover rate

% Retention Rate (RR) = 100 - [ ({S – (UT + BT)} / AE) x 100 ]

S Total Number of terminations from what ever cause

UT Unavoidable Terminations

BT Beneficial Terminations

AE The average number of employees working for the company

(12 month rolling period).

crew officer retention1
Crew/officer retention

Crew Retention Rate (Average 93.6%)

Officer Retention Rate (Average 91.3%)

slide34
CARP

The INTERTANKO Confidential Accident Reporting Platform (CARP) database provides a recognised and respected source of accident information for use by INTERTANKO's Secretariat and its Members.

Members input their own incident data in a fully confidential basis whilst allowing INTERTANKO to use the information so that:

  • Lessons can be learned and shared
  • Similar accidents prevented
  • Standardise accident data and categorisation
  • Standardize simple accident analysis, root cause, direct cause and corrective actions
summary
SUMMARY
  • Tanker incidents have steadily declined over the years
  • There was a recent slight up-tick in tanker incidents, mainly due to engine failures and human element factors, but that has subsided
  • Oil pollution from tankers has decreased over the years with a dramatic decline within the past decade
  • INTERTANKO has initiated measures to assist its members in improving human element factors and monitoring their progress
slide37

Thank

You

JOSEPH ANGELO

MANAGING DIRECTOR

INTERTANKO

www.intertanko.com