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Legal and Moral Codes. I. Hammurabi’s Code. First Written Legal Code Hammurabi 1790 BC in Babylon Based on Retribution “Eye for an Eye”. II. Ten Commandments. Hebrew Moral Code ~1500 BC Created by Moses Many form the basis of modern laws Killing, Stealing, Lying, etc.

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i hammurabi s code
I. Hammurabi’s Code
  • First Written Legal Code
    • Hammurabi
    • 1790 BC in Babylon
  • Based on Retribution
    • “Eye for an Eye”
ii ten commandments
II. Ten Commandments
  • Hebrew Moral Code
    • ~1500 BC
    • Created by Moses
  • Many form the basis of modern laws
    • Killing, Stealing, Lying, etc.
iii other legal codes
III. Other Legal Codes
  • Draco’s Law
    • Athenian Legal Code
    • Draco
    • HARSH punishments for all crimes
  • Justinian Code
    • Recodified Roman Law
    • Simpler to understand
iv english common law
IV. English Common Law
  • Early Law
    • Based on Divine Power (Absolute Monarchy)
      • Kings used God as the basis for authority
      • Feudal System-Kings and Lords worked together to maintain control
  • 1215- Magna Carta
    • Established a contract between King and People
    • Basis of Limited Government
  • 1300s-Common Law Develops as courts gain more influence
  • 1688- Glorious Revolution
    • English Bill of Rights – Guarantees more freedoms to citizens
    • Parliament becomes equal to King
      • Statutory Law becomes common
v enlightenment
V. Enlightenment
  • 1600s and 1700s
  • Intellectual movement examining political and legal issues
  • Led to the reinvention of Greek and Roman ideas on government
    • Greek Democracy
    • Roman Republicanism
    • Rule of Law
    • Social Contract Theory
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