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Apuntes 27-28 de mayo. El pretérito imperfecto de subjuntivo The past subjunctive El jefe quería que despidiéramos a dos empleados. The boss wanted us to fire two employees. El profesor le dijo que estudiara los apuntes y el libro.

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apuntes 27 28 de mayo
Apuntes 27-28 de mayo

El pretérito imperfecto de subjuntivo

The pastsubjunctive

El jefe quería que despidiéramos a dos empleados.

The boss wanted us to fire two employees.

El profesor le dijo que estudiara los apuntes y el libro.

The professor told him to study the notes and the book.

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The past subjunctive is used in much the same way as the present subjunctive, but it refers to past actions.

The forms of the past subjunctive are based on the third-person plural (Uds., ellos/as) forms of the preterite. Take off the –ronof the verb form and you are left with the stem of the past subjunctive.

third-person plural preterite formspast subjunctive stems

hablaron → habla-

comieron → comie-

escribieron → escribie-

durmieron → durmie-

leyeron → leye-

dijeron → dije-

fueron → fue-

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Pastsubjunctiveendings (desinencias) and sampleconjugations.

sujetodesinenciashablarestarir/ser

yo -ra hablara estuviera fuera

tú -ras hablaras estuvieras fueras

Ud., él/ella -ra hablara estuviera fuera

nosotros/as -ramos habláramos estuviéramos fuéramos

vosotros/as -rais hablarais estuvierais fuerais

Uds., ellos/as -ran hablaran estuvieran fueran

The past subjunctive endings are the same for all verbs.

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Quisiera, the past subjunctive form of querer, is often used in polite requests.

Yo quisiera hablar con el señor Gómez, por favor.

I’d like to speak to Mr. Gomez, please.

¿Quisierasmás pastel?

Would you like more cake?