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Unit Three: What's in a Name. Objectives:. By the end of this unit, you should be able to: ◆recognize the terms used to describe English personal names ◆ distinguish between full and short forms of given names ◆ discuss the origin of Chinese and English names

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Presentation Transcript
objectives
Objectives:

By the end of this unit, you should be able to:

◆recognize the terms used to describe English personal names

◆ distinguish between full and short forms of given names

◆ discuss the origin of Chinese and English names

◆ associate certain personal names with their national background

◆ apply linguistic theory to analyze differences between male and female names

◆ use different strategies to avoid biased language

◆ apply English names, titles and kin terms in an appropriate way

◆ display familiarity with the names of a number of different nationalities

a person s name is his handle why
A person’s name is his handle. Why?

For your name is the handle by

which others can get hold of you,

the means by which they can

grab your attention.

decide whether they are family names or given names male names or female names
Helen

Green

Edward

Lucy

Richards

Robert

George

Ruth

Ida

Taylor

Williams

Brenda

Smith

Eric

Jackson

Margaret

William

Anne

Victor

Richard

Julie

Edwards

Bill

Angela

Decide whether they are family names or given names … male names or female names.
slide5

6

3

5

1

7

4

2

Titles

Case studies

Kin Terms

Naming Names

His and Hers

Origins

Contents

Homework

1 naming names1
1、Naming Names

1.Initial letters:

Andrew Simon Smith ------ ASS

Graham Adam Yiend ------ GAY

Fiona Alice Tanner ------ FAT

Michael Adam Davies ------ MAD

  • 朱逸群,杨宜知。
  • 有个孩子叫子滕,本来挺文雅的名字,偏偏父亲姓杜

2. Shortening of names

Alexander------ Alec Anthony ------ Tony Donald ------ Don

Timothy ------ Tim Michael------ Mike

William------ Bill Robert------Bob

Edward ------ Ned Beuben ------Ben

Andrew ------Andy & Drew Elizabeth------Bess

2 origins
2、Origins

◆Information of Chinese Names

where and when the person was born:周海婴、张渝,刘解放等

family relationships:比如毛泽东的祖父毛恩普,就是“恩”字

辈,父亲毛贻昌,即是“贻”字辈,毛泽东和兄弟毛泽民、毛泽

覃等都是“泽”字辈。

ethnic group:斯琴高娃

parents’ expectation for the children:国栋、定国、耀邦,荷、

兰、菊、梅、贞、淑、静、雅等 。

values :王慧旖、陈益丽等。

personal characteristics: 林阳、郑彬等。

2 origins1
2、Origins

◆Information of English Names (names and their sources)

4 kin terms
4、Kin Terms

亲属称谓是家庭成员之间的称谓习惯。在中国的社交称谓中,人们有用亲属称谓称呼非亲属成员的习惯。在社交活动中使用亲属称谓并非易事,有一些准则要遵循:

◇以辈份为标准。

◇以双方是否熟悉为标准。

◇以交际场合的性质为标准。

◇以听话人的社会特征为标准。

4 kin terms1
4、Kin Terms
  • In china, kin terms are not only used within one’s own family but also to other people. Such as 警察叔叔,××大姐,李姐……
  • In china, the appropriate use of kin terms may reflect a person’s politeness, respectfulness, and friendliness .
  • What about British…?
5 his and hers
5 、His and Hers
  • From Chinese names we can guess whether a person is a man or a woman
  • Such as 王刚,雨婷……
5 his and hers2
5 、His and Hers
  • Language and sex

chairman chairperson

postman post worker

fireman fire-fighter

policeman police officer

6 case studies
6.Case studies

Please analyze the case on Page 112:

Case One: The use of names and titles can be confusing. As you know in a Chinese name, the surname comes first while in an English name, the surname comes last. When an American meets a Chinese whose name is Liu Xin, he would call him Mr Xin.

Case Two: When an American meets a Chinese woman whose name is Cai Hong, he might make another mistake in calling her. As he know she is married, he says "Mrs. Cai". He thinks that Cai Hong's surname is her husband's surname, since he is not aware of the fact that in China women still use their own surname after marriage.

7 homework
7.Homework

Case analysis:

A British tourist got lost in a small town in China. A Chinese couple volunteered to offer their help . And now they are introducing themselves.

British tourist: It was so nice to meet you both here. I'm Susan Williams. Thank you very much.

Chinese couple: It's a pleasure. I'm Li Fang, and this is my husband. Welcome to China, Miss Susan.Thank you.

Chinese couple: Mrs. Li. Would both of you like a cup of coffee? British tourist: No, thanks.

7 homework1
7.Homework

The Key to the Question:

The British tourist thinks that Li Fang's surname is her husband's surname, since she is unaware of the fact in China women still use their own surnames after marriage. Li thinks that "Miss" is a respectful term of address for any female English speaker, but unaware of the fact that in Britain it is not used before someone's first name--Susan . She also mistakes the given name for the surname.