Metabolic Syndrome. Jacque De Fouw RN, MSN Health Educator. April March February January. What month is it?. Data from Student Health Fairs. Yes No. Do you have a healthy BMI? (18 – 24.9). METABOLIC SYNDROME CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE DIABETES. COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY.
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Metabolic Syndrome Jacque De Fouw RN, MSN Health Educator
April • March • February • January What month is it?
Yes • No Do you have a healthy BMI? (18 – 24.9)
METABOLIC SYNDROME CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE DIABETES COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY
Affects about 14 million Americans • About 500,000 deaths/year • Accumulation of atherosclerotic plaque in coronary arteries = obstruction of blood flow to heart muscle What is Coronary Artery Disease?
Heart muscle has pain without oxygen • Destruction of muscle tissue • Death of cardiac muscle What happens?
Often no warning while slowly advancing obstruction • Chest Pain • Short of Breath • Swelling of legs • Often less obvious symptoms in women Symptoms
None • 1-2 • 3-5 • more than 5 How many risk factors do you have?
MAKE good choices! TEACH good choices! Only YOU can take care of yourself!
A chronic disease in which the body can not properly use or make insulin. • Insulin- a hormone made in the pancreas that turns sugar (glucose) into energy for the body to use What is Diabetes?
Lack of insulin Build up of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia) Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus What happens without insulin?
Frequent urination • Excessive thirst • Extreme hunger - Cells are starved for energy • Unexplained weight loss - Insulin can not trigger the storage of fat • Fatigue • Delayed wound healing Symptoms
RISK factors: - Genetics - Autoimmune history • Type I is NOT preventable Type I Diabetes Mellitus
Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) • Body makes insulin but most cells do not use insulin properly • Insulin resistance • Eventually, the pancreas stops making insulin. Type II Diabetes Mellitus
90-95 % of diabetics • RISK factors - Older age - Family history - Obesity - Physical Inactivity - Race and Ethnicity CONTINUED:Type II Diabetes Mellitus
Obesity & Inactivity - Studies find a relationship between weight/activity level and Type II - For past 10 years - increase in Type II diabetes in children Type II DM Risk Factors
Race & Ethnicity factors: - African Americans - Hispanic/Latino Americans - American Indians - Asian Americans - Pacific Islanders Type II Diabetes Mellitus
If have risk factors, prevent or delay the onset of Type II… - Healthy diet - Moderately intense exercise (walking briskly 2 1/2 hours each week) 15 MINUTES 10 TIMES A WEEK OR 30 MINUTES 5 TIMES A WEEK! Type II Prevention
Goal: Control blood sugar (glucose) - Glucose monitoring often - Oral medicine / Insulin injections - Diet - Exercise / Weight management - Follow up with doctor - Educate yourself! Type II DM Treatment
Joint pain and disorders • Fatigue • Snoring + Sleep apnea • Respiratory disorders • Depression • Cancers • Complications of pregnancy • Incontinence Other complications of Metabolic Syndrome
How do you want to feel? • How do your clothes fit? • Do you have energy for daily living? FITNESS is the!!!
FEEL GRRREAT !! Keep track of your progress!Record your little and BIGsuccesses!
Student Health Services would like to help you regain a healthy body and body image.We would also like to help you develop good, solid,lifelong health habits.