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Metabolic Syndrome. Jacque De Fouw RN, MSN Health Educator. April March February January. What month is it?. Data from Student Health Fairs. Yes No. Do you have a healthy BMI? (18 – 24.9). METABOLIC SYNDROME CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE DIABETES. COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY.

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metabolic syndrome

Metabolic Syndrome

Jacque De Fouw RN, MSN

Health Educator

what month is it
April
  • March
  • February
  • January
What month is it?
complications of obesity

METABOLIC SYNDROME

CORONARY

ARTERY DISEASE

DIABETES

COMPLICATIONS OF OBESITY
what is coronary artery disease

Affects about 14 million Americans

  • About 500,000 deaths/year
  • Accumulation of atherosclerotic plaque in coronary arteries = obstruction of blood flow to heart muscle
What is Coronary Artery Disease?
what happens

Heart muscle has pain without oxygen

  • Destruction of muscle tissue
  • Death of cardiac muscle
What happens?
symptoms

Often no warning while slowly advancing obstruction

  • Chest Pain
  • Short of Breath
  • Swelling of legs
  • Often less obvious symptoms in women
Symptoms
what is diabetes

A chronic disease in which the body can not properly use or make insulin.

  • Insulin- a hormone made in the pancreas that turns sugar (glucose) into energy for the body to use
What is Diabetes?
what happens without insulin

Lack of insulin

Build up of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia)

Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

What happens without insulin?
symptoms1

Frequent urination

  • Excessive thirst
  • Extreme hunger

- Cells are starved for energy

  • Unexplained weight loss

- Insulin can not trigger the storage of fat

  • Fatigue
  • Delayed wound healing
Symptoms
type i diabetes mellitus

RISK factors:

- Genetics

- Autoimmune history

  • Type I is NOT preventable
Type I Diabetes Mellitus
type ii diabetes mellitus

Non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM)

  • Body makes insulin but most cells do not use insulin properly
  • Insulin resistance
  • Eventually, the pancreas stops making insulin.
Type II Diabetes Mellitus
continued type ii diabetes mellitus

90-95 % of diabetics

  • RISK factors

- Older age

- Family history

- Obesity

- Physical Inactivity

- Race and Ethnicity

CONTINUED:Type II Diabetes Mellitus
type ii dm risk factors

Obesity & Inactivity

- Studies find a relationship between

weight/activity level and Type II

- For past 10 years - increase in Type II

diabetes in children

Type II DM Risk Factors
type ii diabetes mellitus1

Race & Ethnicity factors:

- African Americans

- Hispanic/Latino Americans

- American Indians

- Asian Americans

- Pacific Islanders

Type II Diabetes Mellitus
type ii prevention

If have risk factors, prevent or delay the onset of Type II…

- Healthy diet

- Moderately intense exercise

(walking briskly 2 1/2 hours each week)

15 MINUTES 10 TIMES A WEEK

OR

30 MINUTES 5 TIMES A WEEK!

Type II Prevention
type ii dm treatment

Goal: Control blood sugar (glucose)

- Glucose monitoring often

- Oral medicine / Insulin injections

- Diet

- Exercise / Weight management

- Follow up with doctor

- Educate yourself!

Type II DM Treatment
other complications of metabolic syndrome

Joint pain and disorders

  • Fatigue
  • Snoring + Sleep apnea
  • Respiratory disorders
  • Depression
  • Cancers
  • Complications of pregnancy
  • Incontinence
Other complications of Metabolic Syndrome
fitness is the

How do you want to feel?

  • How do your clothes fit?
  • Do you have energy for daily living?
FITNESS is the!!!
slide27

Student Health Services would like to help you regain a healthy body and body image.We would also like to help you develop good, solid,lifelong health habits.