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DRIVE: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us. Dr. Timothy Mitchell Rapid City Area Schools-Superintendent Systems Change 2010. DRIVE. Report Card Day. Contact Information. tim.mitchell@k12.sd.us http://rcassuperintendent.wikispaces.com/

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drive the surprising truth about what motivates us

DRIVE: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us

Dr. Timothy Mitchell

Rapid City Area Schools-Superintendent

Systems Change 2010

drive
DRIVE

Report

Card

Day

contact information
Contact Information

tim.mitchell@k12.sd.us

http://rcassuperintendent.wikispaces.com/

http://systemschange2010.tie2.wikispaces.net

www.rcas.org

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Human operating systems-a set of mostly invisible instructions and protocols on which everything runs

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Our current operating system is built around external motivators—It does not work and often does harm

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Motivation 1.0-all about survival

Motivation 2.0-external rewards/punishments

Motivation 3.0-21st Century Models

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When it comes to motivation, there’s a gap between what science knows and we do

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Carrots and Sticks are so last century. DRIVE says for the 21st Century, we need to upgrade

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Seven Reasons Carrots/Sticks Do Not Work:

extinguish intrinsic motivation

diminishes performance

crushes creativity

crowds out good behavior

encourages unethical behavior

creates addictions

fosters short-term thinking

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When Do Carrots/Sticks Work:

rule-based routine tasks

praise effort and strategy-not intelligence

make praise specific

praise in private

offer praise only when there’s a good reason

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Reward

Intrinsic-Extrinsic

If a student performs for an extrinsic reward and experiences pleasant feelings, success, it is interesting and they receive positive feedback about their performance they are more likely to move towards an intrinsic motive the next time.

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Kids aren’t passive receivers of information-they choose what they want to pay attention to in class. Skilled teachers use their “bag of tools” to “build stepping stones” for kids. No one can “Make” a person become motivated; just as no teacher can “make” a student learn. The best we can do is to orchestrate circumstances in the environment so a student will be encouraged to do something that will result in his/her learning

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Motivation-Six Variables-can be orchestrated by the teacher to increase the probability that a student will want to learn or will be motivated to learn:

  • Level of Concern
  • Feeling Tone
  • Interest
  • Success
  • Knowledge of Results
  • Rewards
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Intrinsic Motivation-Four Components:

Self-efficacy-a learner’s belief in his ability to succeed in a particular situation

Self-regulation-The degree to which a learner actively participates in her own learning

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Intrinsic Motivation-Four Components:

Self-assessment-A learner’s act of observing and analyzing his own performance on the basis of criteria and steps to improve

Self-attribution-A learner’s own explanations for success or failure that determine the effort she will expend on that activity in the future

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Type X and Type I

Type I behavior concerns itself with the inherent satisfaction of the activity itself results in professional success and personal fulfillment

Good News-Type I’s are made not born

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Type I and Type X

Type I almost always out performs Type X in the long run

Type I behavior does not distain money or recognition

Type I behavior is a renewable resource

Type I behavior promotes greater physical and mental well being

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Are you a Type I or Type X

Take the free online assessment at:

www.danpink.com/drive.html

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Science shows the way-The new approach has three essential elements

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Autonomy-the desire to direct our lives

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Autonomy

Task-what we do

Time-when we do it

Team-who we do it with

Technique-how we do it

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Mastery-the urge to get better and better at something that matters

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Mastery

Capacity to see your abilities not as finite

Demands effort, grit, deliberate practice

Impossible to fully realize

Frustrating and alluring

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Purpose-the yearning to do what we do in the service of something larger that ourselves

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Purpose

Goals that use profit to reach purpose

Words that emphasize more than self-interest

Policies that allow people to pursue purpose

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Ideas for Educators:

Apply the Three-Part Test for Homework

Have a Fed Ex Day

Offer Praise…the right way

Help kids see the big picture

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Ideas for Leaders

Try 20 % Time

Encourage Peer to Peer Rewards

Conduct an Autonomy Audit

Use Reich’s Pronoun Test

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Two Questions Video:

http://vimeo.com/8480171

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My Sentence:

I provide the leadership to create a purposeful learning community that establishes high quality learning experiences for all community members

Each Night:

Was I better today than yesterday?

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Drive

See Daniel Pink On TED Talks:

http://www.ted.com/talks/dan_pink_on_motivation.html

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Subscribe to Drive Times, a free quarterly e-mail newsletter at:

www.danpink.com/drive.html

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Follow Daniel Pink at his Blog:

www.danpink.com

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The secret to high performance and satisfaction—at work, at school, and at home—is the deeply human need to direct our own lives, to learn and create new things, and to do better by ourselves and our world.

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So we have a choice!!

It won’t be easy or happen overnight!!

We can cling to old habits or be grounded in modern science!!

Commit to transition our practice into a twenty-first century model!!!