international cooperation in recognition and quality assurance
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 122 Views
  • Uploaded on

International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance. What can be learned from higher education ? By Michaela Martin. Structure of this presentation. Global trends in higher education New forms of mobility Quality assurance as a global movement International cooperation in QA

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance' - cardea


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
international cooperation in recognition and quality assurance

International cooperation in recognition and quality assurance

What can be learned from

higher education ?

By Michaela Martin

structure of this presentation
Structure of this presentation
  • Global trends in higher education
  • New forms of mobility
  • Quality assurance as a global movement
  • International cooperation in QA
  • Bologna process as model for regional cooperation
1 global trends in higher education
1.Global trends in higher education
  • Increasing student numbers
  • Diversification of higher education provision
  • Privatisation
  • Growing levels of international mobility
    • Of students
    • Of programmes
    • Of institutions
privatization
Privatization
  • Public provision does not meet demand
  • Asia : some countries more than 80 % of enrolments in private sector
  • Africa : private provision is expanding rapidly
  • Private higher education market ($300 billion world wide on current expenditure alone (IFC)
  • Growth of cross-border higher education
new forms of mobility 1
New forms of mobility (1)
  • Programme mobility
    • Joint study programmes
    • Franchized programmes
    • Double degree
    • Articulation
    • Validation
new forms of mobility 2
New forms of mobility (2)
  • Institutional
    • Branch campuses
    • Independent institutions
    • Acquisition/mergers
    • Affiliation/networks
    • Virtual university
the consequence is
The consequence is :

more complex and diversified higher education systems

loss of control of public authorities over parts of the HE system

more potential for academic fraud

credential evaluation more complex

increasing need for international collaboration in recognition and quality assurance

within this context
Within this context ….

Some 70 countries worldwide have put in place external quality assurance mechanisms

They respond to domestic concerns needs while trying to establish international comparability

Major concern also with strengthening internal quality assurance mechanisms

eqa covers different realities
EQA covers different realities
  • Quality audit
  • Quality assessment
  • Accreditation

Concepts are loosely used by agencies in reality

Accreditation is becoming the most common mechanism of EQA

justification for accreditation
Justification for accreditation
  • Maintain required standards
  • Guarantee qualifications awarded
  • Mechanism for quality enhancement
  • Readability of higher education provision
  • Portability of credentials (nat/int)
convergence of accreditation process
Convergence of accreditation process
  • Basic process elements
    • Self-study
    • Site visit/peer review
    • Reporting

thorough, however time-consuming and costly process

areas for assessment
Areas for assessment
  • Integrity and mission
  • Governance and management
  • Human resources
  • Learning resources and infrastructure
  • Financial management
  • Student profile and support services
  • Curricular aspects
  • Teaching-learning and evaluation
  • Research, consultancy and extension
  • Internal Quality assurance system
explaining convergence
Explaining convergence

Basic model for accreditation process stems from the US experience

Importance of international and regional networks

International co-operation and aid

international collaboration in quality assurance
International collaboration in quality assurance
  • As part of its work in recognition, UNESCO has established Global Forum on QA in 2003
  • INQAAHE
  • Regional networks : ENQA, RIACES, APQN, CANTATE, AfriQua, etc
    • Exchange of experience
    • Codes of good practices for QA process
    • Capacity development (GIQAC)
ex european region
Ex : European region
  • Context : European Integration within the European Union
  • Bologna process : creation of a European HE space by 2015
  • Common qualifications structure
  • ECTS system
    • Facilitate student mobility
    • Based on student workload and LOs
    • 60 credits per year equivalent to 1500 to 1800 hours
ex european region1
Ex European region
  • Diploma supplement
    • Standardized description of nature, level, context content and status of a study programme
    • Including information on qualification holder, qualification, national higher education system
  • Quality assurance : one of the pillars of cooperation
  • ENQA : Guidelines for QA
  • Creation of a register of quality assurance agencies
ex africa
Ex : Africa
  • Africa is following the Bologna process
  • WAEMU and CAEMC (CEMAC) adopted directives to adopt bachelors-master’s-PhD structure
  • SADECC region has decided to establish a regional qualifications framework
  • African Union intends the creation of an African higher education space through harmonization of qualification structure
  • Strengthening of quality assurance systems (AfriQua)
  • Vision : creation of an African Qualifications Framework
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Increased levels of student mobility push the need for strengthened mechanisms of recognition of HE credentials
  • Cross-border higher education creates strong pressure for the development of national QA systems
  • Regional integration processes provide a political framework for co-operation on QA and recognition
  • UNESCO plays an important role at the global level
ad