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Part I: Writer’s Block. Shelley Clifford Email: sclifford@mountvernonschool.org Twitter: cliffordshelley. Collaboration. Group up Read Flip Find. Professional Resources. Atwell, Nancie . 2002. Lessons That Change Writers. New Hampshire: Heinemann. PGS 50-51, 127-128, and 182-183.

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part i writer s block

Part I:Writer’s Block

Shelley Clifford

Email: sclifford@mountvernonschool.org

Twitter: cliffordshelley

collaboration
Collaboration

Group up

Read

Flip

Find

professional resources
Professional Resources

Atwell, Nancie. 2002. Lessons That Change Writers. New Hampshire: Heinemann. PGS 50-51, 127-128, and 182-183.

Fletcher, Ralf. 1993. What a Writer Needs. New Hampshire: Heinemann. PGS 81-90.

Fletcher, Ralf and Joann Portalupi. 1998. Craft Lessons. Maine: Stenhouse Publishers PG 29.

Steel, Kimberly. http://www.kimskorner4teachertalk.com

www.readwritethink.org

why do we write
Why do we write?

To inform?

To persuade?

To entertain?

To explain?

To predict?

To summarize?

slide5

Tell your story in 5 minutes or less!

Tell your story in 140 characters or less!

Donald Miller’s

A Million Miles in a Thousand Years

How I learned to live a better story

Donald Miller

p. 244

p.115

Marketing 101

refocus your purpose
Refocus your Purpose
  • We write to
    • Communicate
    • Collaborate/Connect
    • Create

Is anyone else studying the 5 C’s at their school?!

it s not about the program it is about the skills
It’s not about the program, it is about the skills.

Clear Assessment.

High Expectations.

Extra time to Prewrite.

Repeated Mini Lessons.

Mentor Texts.

Modeling.

Practice.

Praise.

what is your goal why do you teach writing
What is your goal?Why do you teach writing?

A student who can “Rock” the SAT?

A reflector?

An author?

start with the end in mind
Start with the End in Mind

Score of 6

  • An essay in this category demonstrates clear and consistent mastery, although it may have a few minor errors. A typical essay:
    • Effectively and insightfully develops a point of view on the issue and demonstrates outstanding critical thinking, using clearly appropriate examples, reasons and other evidence to support its position
    • Is well organized and clearly focused, demonstrating clear coherence and smooth progression of ideas
    • Exhibits skillful use of language, using a varied, accurate and apt vocabulary
    • Demonstrates meaningful variety in sentence structure
    • Is free of most errors in grammar, usage and mechanics
start with the end in mind2
Start with the End in Mind

“Intricate, puzzle-like…startling and violent.”

– The New York Times

“An Audacious and Powerful Work”

-The Miami Herald

“…that rare literary phenomenon, a Southern novel with no mildew on its magnolia leaves. Funny, happy, and written with unspectacular precision…”

-VOGUE

the kindergarten the perfect sentence
The Kindergarten The Perfect Sentence

Begins with a capital letter

Contains a subject “who or what” and predicate “what happens” to express a complete thought

Ends with proper punctuation

literacy assessment
LiteracyAssessment

Capital Letter 1 2 3

Complete Thought 1 2 3

Punctuation 1 2 3

21 st century skills assessment was your sentence obvious 1 2 3 beyond the given

21st Century Skills AssessmentWas your sentence…obvious (1)………(2)…….(3)……beyond the given

Evaluate your sentence. Revise if necessary.

Hint: Revision is always necessary in writing!

a pds the first grade sentence

A PDSThe First Grade Sentence

Begins with a capital letter

Contains a subject “who or what” and predicate “what happens” to express a complete thought

Ends with proper punctuation

Pronouns, if used, have an antecedent

Tells or asks

assessment

Assessment

Telling Sentence

Capital Letter 1 2 3

Complete Thought 1 2 3

Punctuation 1 2 3

Pronoun n/a 2 3

Asking Sentence

Capital Letter 1 2 3

Complete Thought 1 2 3

Punctuation 1 2 3

Pronoun n/a 2 3

ways to teach proper sentences structure
Ways to Teach Proper Sentences Structure

What do you…. See? Think? Wonder?

Write a sentence about the picture below.

enhance your sentences make a claim
Enhance your sentencesMake a Claim…

How can you make your sentence stand out? Be original!

Remember the rules.

Focus on the fun!

slide23

Was your sentence…obvious (1)………(2)……….(3)………………beyond the given fuzzy (1)……………(2)………(3)………..……….clear & focusedsimple (1)…………(2)………(3)….…………….elaborate

Evaluate your sentence. Revise if necessary.

Hint: Revision is always necessary in writing!

a charleston day second grade sentence
A Charleston Day Second Grade Sentence

Begins with a capital letter

Contains a subject “who or what” and predicate “what happens” to express a complete thought

Ends with proper punctuation

Pronouns, if used, have an antecedent

Includes adjectives

Tells, asks, excites, or commands

assessment1

Assessment

Telling Sentence

Capital Letter 1 2 3

Complete Thought 1 2 3

Punctuation 1 2 3

Pronoun n/a 2 3

Describing words 1 2 3

Asking Sentence

Capital Letter 1 2 3

Complete Thought 1 2 3

Punctuation 1 2 3

Pronoun n/a 2 3

Describing Words 1 2 3

assessment continued
Assessment (continued)

Exciting Sentence

Capital Letter 1 2 3

Complete Thought 1 2 3

Punctuation 1 2 3

Pronoun n/a 2 3

Describing words 1 2 3

Commanding Sentence

Capital Letter 1 2 3

Complete Thought 1 2 3

Punctuation 1 2 3

Pronoun n/a 2 3

Describing Words 1 2 3

was your sentence obvious 1 2 3 beyond the given fuzzy 1 2 3 clear focused

Was your sentence…obvious (1)……(2)…….(3)……………beyond the given fuzzy (1)…………(2)……(3)………..….clear & focused

Evaluate your sentence. Revise if necessary.

Hint: Revision is always necessary in writing!

slide28
Cover the floor in sentence strips.Pass out punctuation.Then, they create their own sentences on strips.

Question/

Interrogative

Command/

Imperative

Telling/

Declarative

Exclamation

extensions
Extensions

Adverbs

Appeals to the Senses

Compound subjects, predicates, or sentences

Imagery

Literary Devices

Word Choice

Quotations

Dependent Clauses

Fragments, Sentences, Run-ons

one might ask what do you do with one fabulous sentence
One might ask, “What do you do with one fabulous sentence?”

Tweet it, of course

Twittering about Leaning

an impressive a perfect paragraph
(An) ImpressiveA PerfectParagraph

Indented

Topic Sentence

Supporting Details

Sequential Order

Variety of Verbs

Varied first word

Conclusion Sentence

start with the end in mind3

Start with the End in Mind

Let’s look at your rubrics and mine.

IBook\Fifth Grade LA\Writing\Rubrics

IBook\Speech Contest\Rubric

IBook\Fifth Grade LA\Technology\GLogrubric.docx

now that we know where we are going how are we going to get there

Now that we know where we are going, how are we going to get there?

Every writer, like every runner, needs a strong warm up. Prompts that encourage listing varied and unusual ideas stretch the brain. Stretch to increase fluency; then share and celebrate original ideas. Next, take those ideas and alter them for a specific requirement. This challenges flexibility in thinking. Finally, elaborate on the best answer. Such a warm up will prepare any writer for marathon.

warm ups
Warm Ups

Word Puzzles

… Head…

Compound Word Sort

number please
Number, Please!

Each word below contains the letters necessary to spell a number.

Snooze_______

Favorite_______

Twine_________

Froze_______

Wrote________

Exercise_______

Tightest_______

Beginning_____

objects with body parts
Objects with Body Parts

Clock

Needle

Shirt

Pin

Glove

Bottle

Potato

Jar

Zipper

Shoe

Car

Chair

Socks

Dress

Bed

Cornstalk

Saw

River

Loaf of bread

Sewing machine

Storm

Road

tell your reaction in one sentence
Tell your reaction in one sentence

You are caught outside in a severe rain storm.

A severe rainstorm catches you by surprise.

You go on your first roller coaster ride.

The car arrives for you to step into your first roller coaster ride.

Mom and dad let you play hooky from school.

The old, deserted house is unlocked.

The blazes from the forest fire near by catch your attention.

similes
Similes

Loud as

Rough as

Pretty as

Quiet as

Red as

Scary as

Soft as

Shy as

Shiny as

Tiny as

Smooth as

Stinky as

Squeaky as

White as

Tall as

Big as

Swift as

Cool as

Cold as

Hot as

Dark as

Dry as

Round as

Ugly as

Strong as

Students create original beginnings

expanding sentences
Expanding Sentences

We heard a lion roar.

I saw a cat.

Last night we went to a football game.

My baby sister is sleeping in her room.

My principal is a lady.

Mitchell acted today.

here is the answer what is the question
Here is the Answer-What is the Question?

Let’s go investigate!

Under the bed

In the morning

Hawaii

In a lake

A barking dog

Fish

My husband

1001 uses
1001 Uses

A cup

A light bulb

A button

A bird cage

A piece of paper

An old bathtub

A broom

A ladder

A brick

A candle

A walnut

A hat

A broken clock

A tea kettle

A bead

A nail

A wastebasket

A parachute

A tree branch

A chair

A block

A tire

An umbrella

A sock

A book

A broken-down school bus

A trunk

An old typewriter

A textbook

A barrel

A plate

A pillow

A spoon

A ring

What can we add to this list?

spontaneous timed thinking
Spontaneous, Timed Thinking

Name as many things as you can that fly, or use the world fly in as many unusual ways as you can.

Timer

Everyone stands – celebrate the number of responses. Celebrate originality.

spontaneous timed thinking1
Spontaneous, Timed Thinking

Name things that are green or turn green.

Name things that are slow.

Name things that have a pleasant smell.

Hunters seek game animals. What else seeks what?

Name things that stick or anything that gets stuck.

Name people or things that stop something and what it is they stop.

Name kinds of keys.

Name kinds of traps.

Give the titles of different designers and what it is they design.

use the word under or name things that are under something else
Use the word “under” or name things that are “under” something else.

Underpaid

Understaffed

Under-resourced

Underappreciated

Under her thumb

Misunderstood

brainstorming questions with multiple answers
BrainstormingQuestions with Multiple Answers

“It’s important not to lose these.”

“It seems like fall is here.”

If your house were on fire, what would you grab?

How would you know someone had had a fire in a fireplace if you hadn’t been there at the time?

What things are usually sorted by size and kept together accordingly?

How are a chicken and a cow alike? Different?

What are some uses for keys?

What do you learn by doing it yourself?

after the warm up you must pace yourself
After the warm up, you must pace yourself!

Provide prompts: story starters, reflective questions, thought-provokers.

Provide an option to create your topic to write about.

Dig Deep!

prompts
Prompts

My friend want to play, but I…

My folks aid not to have anyone over, but…

To pay or not to pay?

Eyewitness to a theft, but…

Mr. (Headmaster’s name) is gone for the day, so…

My teacher allowed me to choose the next book for our class to read…

more prompts
More Prompts

Fortunately…Unfortunately…

I should have…but I…

Defend an appropriate bedtime.

What does your name mean to you?

Where would you go if you were invisible?

What would you spend $100 on if you found it in your jacket pocket?

Describe the most special thing you own.

What 5 questions would you ask in an interview to an animal?

Journal Prompts – printed on labels

brainstorming
Brainstorming

Brainstorming Wordle

Mentor Texts – Expose students to engaging leads. Pull leads off the classroom shelves, and explore the beginnings of published works – everything from picture books to Fahrenheit 451.

prewriting
Prewriting

Create Lead Boards and Classify the Leads – Have student write their favorite leads on sentence strips, and dedicate a wall of the classroom to displaying leads.

prewriting1
Prewriting

Class Contest: Use a mentor text as inspiration. Have a lead-writing contest for a scary story. A Romantic Story. Sports Story.

Think, Talk Time: Allow students time to think, talk, and draw before any writing occurs.

Nonlinguistic Methods: Go beyond graphic organizers and encourage picture drawing, stick figures, and cartooning or story boarding as an organizational tool. Focus on body language and facial expressions.

most embarrassing moment
Most Embarrassing Moment

Summarize the story

in 4-5 sentences.

Illustrate a scene

using stick figures.

Brainstorm 5 Possible Leads for this story.

hooks or leads
Hooks or Leads

Question-

Riddle-ex. What textbook has no pages, is miles wide, and smells like a creek? IT’s been around for millions of years. That’s right—the outdoor classroom.

Announcement-ex. The trait of voice is very important in writing. However, it is difficult to teach and even more difficult to learn. It is similar to athletic ability because it is more like a talent than a skill.

Bold and Challenging Statement – ex. Using horses and cattle in the sport of rodeo is animal abuse. What makes it more aggravating is that it is legal. According to the law, there is nothing wrong with chasing an animal down, tightening a rope around its neck, knocking it to the ground, and tying its legs together so it cannot move.

more hooks leads
More Hooks/Leads

Opinion-ex. The driving age should be lowered to fourteen. Most teenagers are more responsible than adults give us credit for being. Just because we are teenagers does not mean we are irresponsible or dangerous.

Definition –ex. According to Webster’s Dictionary…

Quotation of a well-known person-ex. President John F. Kennedy once said, “Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.” I think today’s Americans have forgotten Kennedy’s message. Ex. When I was a child, I was given the “mother’s Curse” by my mom. Oh, it is not anything mean or evil. She just said, “When you have children, they will act just like you.” I laughed. Well, now that I have children of my own, I am not laughing anymore. The “mother’s curse” really works.

Personal experience-ex. Although I did later in my room, I never cried at the hospital when my mom had another girl. Was I really destined to have three sisters?

Figurative Language – ex. The pencil sharpener was always hungry. It ate my pencil every time I went to sharpen it. It never seemed to do this to anyone else’s pencil but mine.

Enumerated General Statement –ex. Many characteristics exist that a good teacher possesses. However, the three most important characteristics include being a good listener, being knowledgeable about the subject, and having a kind heart. All of the teachers who positively influenced me had those characteristics in common.

dialogue children s books with catchy leads
dialogueChildren’s Books with catchy Leads

Dialogue/Talking Leads

Hurricane by David Wiesner

Esperanza Rising by Pam Munoz Ryan

Charlotte’s Webb by E.B. White

Roll of Thunder, Hear my Cry by Mildred Taylor

Sarah, Plain and Tall by Patricia MacLachlan

Ramona the Pest by Beverly Cleary

catchy children s books with good leads

catchyChildren’s Books with good Leads

The Art Lesson by Tomie de Paola

When I was Young in the Mountains by Cynthia Rylant

Chrysanthemum by Kevin Henkes

Encounter by Jane Yolen

The Pumpkin Blanket by Deborah TurneyZagwyn

The Kissing Hand by Audrey Penn

Some Birthday by Patricia Polacco

A Pig Named Perrier by Elizabeth Spurr

My Great-Aunt Arizona by Gloria Houston

The True Confessions of Charlotte Doyle by Avi

question children s books with catchy leads

questionChildren’s Books with catchy Leads

How do Dinosaurs Say Good Night by Jane Yolen

Usborne Mysteries and Marvels – Plant Life by Barbara Cork

Alice in Wonderland and Adventures Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll

snap shot children s books with catchy leads
snap shotChildren’s Books with catchy Leads

Host by Stephanie Meyers

Usborne Mysteries and Marvels – Insect Life by Dr. Jennifer Owen

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone by J.K. Rowling

Flush by Carl Hiaasen

Something Beautiful by Sharon Dennis Wyeth

Holes by Louis Sachar

The Watsons Go to Birmingham by Christopher Paul Curtis

prewrite the ending
Prewrite the Ending

“Don’t write endings, find them.” Thomas Williams

The Loop Ending – ends at the same place the story began. If you Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura Numeroff.

The Surprise Ending – usually has a twist. Wizard of Oz

The Summary – repeats the main points and ties up loose ends

The Happy Ending –Cinderella

The Sad but True Ending – Charlotte’s Web

draft
Draft

Free write about a time you were encouraged.

You must brainstorm at least 3 leads/hooks.

Blog, Glog, Wiki, or Tweet your favorite lead. Ask for feed back.

slide63

Brainstorming is not just needed for papers. This is also effective on essay and short-answer tests as well as informal answers. Creative responses will arise from prewriting and make grading papers much more entertaining!

personal narratives biographies
Personal Narratives/Biographies

Should be taught along with the study of nouns

Bring a mirror to class

How about a baby book?

teach your favorite lessons just teach them in atypical ways
Teach your favorite lessons, just teach them in atypical ways…

taking the class outside of school to a public park to spy on someone inspires a great narrative.

Include adverbs. What are people doing and how (where, when, to what extent) are they doing it?

teach your favorite lessons just teach them in atypical ways1
Teach your favorite lessons, just teach them in atypical ways…

Friendly Letter: design your personal stationary on which to write it

Business Letter: create a business card or letter head to spice it up

Story Summary: make it a 50 word mini-saga IBook\Fifth Grade LA\MiniSaga

Character Sketch: Facebookhomepage

Love craft project like the flipbook? Use Readwritethink.org

editing and revising

Editing and Revising

The more time you spend on prewriting, the less time you spend here

Do not correct/change – just prompt

Could you use a better word?

Combine these two ideas using an appositive

Read this aloud. Does it make sense?

No time for one-on-one conferences?

Write a “prescription”

teach your favorite lessons just teach them in atypical ways2
Teach your favorite lessons, just teach them in atypical ways…

Verbs lend themselves well to inclusion in sports and adventure stories.

secret pronoun paper
Secret Pronoun Paper

write about a secretly assigned classmate while never using their names, only pronouns.

This is a great confidence builder for each audience member hearing a complimentary paragraph read about

stresses the importance of antecedents like no textbook can

transfer to short answer
Transfer to Short Answer

Each response to short answer questions will be evaluated using a 3 point scale.

1 – Obvious. Little thinking is required because student used poet’s ideas only

2 – Going beyond the Given. Student combines author’s ideas with their own

3- Generative. Student generates new ideas based on author’s work to capture the audience.

one word response
One Word Response

History Test Questions

Character Descriptions

Author Analysis

Stand/Sit Test for originality

part 2 butterflies

Part 2:Butterflies

Shelley Clifford

Email: sclifford@mountvernonschool.org

Twitter: cliffordshelley

start with the end in mind4
Start with the End in Mind!

Humorous Rubric

IBook\Speech Contest\Rubric\speechrubric.odt

Public Speaking is the Number One Fear of Adults

ToastMasters

Plan the Celebration

start simple start broad
Start Simple. Start Broad.
  • One Minute Speech
    • Dogs should be allowed in school.
    • Dentists put braces on crooked teeth, so people with crooked noses should wear braces.
    • Schools should cancel on rainy days instead of snow days.
    • Girls (or boys) are smarter.
    • The driving age should be 14.
    • If I were invisible I would…
debate
Debate

Cheating is a form of collaboration and should be allowed.

Issues found in novels – Stacy should be punished.

Current Events- Children should say the Pledge of Allegiance in school.

Historical Facts-Andrew Jackson was a noble leader.

Scientific Discoveries – Man has been on the moon.

start the research
Start the Research

Research Folders

Paraphrasing

Note Taking

slide78

Recite.

Record.

Reflect.

Coach.

Prescription Pad. IBook\Speech Contest\revisions.docx

Recite.

Record.

Reflect.

Perform

go write your father s day letter
Go Write Your Father’s Day Letter!

Thank You

Have a great rest of the conference.

Bad Teacher