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The Roles of Participatory-Action in Lessening the Fight of Control and in Answering Human Needs. Examples of Win – Lose in Palestinian and Israeli Relations. During Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations Fight over ownership & control over resources

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

The Roles of Participatory-Action

in Lessening the Fight of Control and

in Answering Human Needs

examples of win lose in palestinian and israeli relations
Examples of Win – Lose in Palestinian and Israeli Relations

During Israeli-Palestinian Negotiations

Fight over ownership & control overresources

What underlies is a dynamic of fear of losing

one's rights in the face of accepting the rights of others.

Fact making

Occupation

Bargaining

Distrust- A Win-Lose Approach towards offers

A New Language

For Community Leaders

examples of win lose in palestinian and israeli relations1
Examples of Win – Lose in Palestinian and Israeli Relations
  • Within Israel
  • Israel’s handling of the Palestinians living within Israel
  • Top Down decision making neglecting minority needs
  • Little knowledge regarding cycle of violence
  • Little government funding allocating to Palestinian population within Israel
  • a win-lose approach towards shared societies
article 15 of the un commission on human rights
Article 15 of the UN Commission on Human Rights
  • The Convention on National Minorities

provides that:

  • “The Parties shall create the conditions necessary for the effective participation of persons belonging to national minoritiesin cultural, social and economic life and in public affairs, in particular those affecting them”.
  • No particular mechanism is envisaged”.
  • At the moment, the public has little influence on decisions enacted.
slide5
The Study on

Citizen Participation in

Decision Making:

Is It Worth the Effort?

  • Renee A Irvin; John Stansbury Public Administration Review; Jan/Feb 2004; 64, 1; ABI/INFORM Global
why when not to use participatory action
Why/When not to use Participatory Action?
  • When the public trusts the governments
  • The government has had prior success in implementing policy without citizen participation
  • If the decisions of the group are likely to be the same decisions produced by the government entity.
why to use participatory action
Why to use Participatory Action?

Advantages for the people:

Regarding the decision process:

  • Opportunity to influence
  • To Educate and inform governments
  • To Persuade and enlighten governments

Regarding outcomes:

  • To Break gridlock, achieve outcomes,
  • gain some control over policy process,
  • better policy and implementation of decisions
examples on participatory models
Examples on Participatory Models
  • Top Down- The Cyprus Constitution- representation of Greek and Turkish publics
  • Middle-community leaders - Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • Middle- Hampshire’s Interfaith Local Area Agreement
  • Australia - diverse Ethnic Community Committees
  • Numerous success stories around Environmental issues
  • Federation System
in relation to the political sphere
In Relation to the Political Sphere
  • After Two State Solution – a Jerusalem Shared Entity which will be in contact and relation with both Palestinian and Israeli Governments
  • Before Two State Solution- which will begin to set the framework, ground rules and practices. It will also serve to provide inspiration and trust.
power of intermediaries
Power of Intermediaries

Israeli government

Palestinian government

Armenian-

Christians

Sheikh Jarah..

representatives

Shared Committee

Community Development

German Colony

Jews/Reform

Secular human

rights NGO

Gypsy Leaders

Ethiopian Jews

Leaders

Nahlaot

Conservative

Jews

Beit Zafafa

-Muslims

wwj target groups
WWJ Target Groups:
  • Supporting and Empowering the Palestinian Communities in East of Jerusalem
  • 2) Helping transform the mindset of the Israeli mainstream/stakeholders/ settlers-
  • The shift from Win-Lose to Win-Win
wwj recommendations what could our next steps be
WWJ Recommendations: What could our next steps be?
  • Training Inclusive, Win-Win Leaders from a wide range of players/communities
  • Developing models for Community Participation within Israel + models for Israeli-Palestinian negotiations
  • Introducing concepts of Win­-Win Neighborhoods
  • Reaching a wide consensus regarding the ground-rules – as Walid Salem and Edi Kaufman noted
  • Campaigns displaying the benefits of a

Sustainable Shared Society

targeting mainstream public and power-holders

wwj recommendations
WWJ Recommendations :
  • Jerusalem as a Multi-Ethnic/International Shared Entity
  • Lobbying for Departments for Conflict Resolution and Sustainable Societies within both governments –experts taking part in cabinet decisions
  • Awareness building on Shared Interests: such as economic development through multicultural tourism, sustainable security, environment, education for democracy on both sides, cultural value of pluralism
slide15

Let's Choose to Change

A New Language

For Community Leaders