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Welcome to CNIB’s InFocus Webinar Series Webinar 1: Diabetic Retinopathy Basics Netan Choudhry M.D. FRCS(C ) 25 Octob PowerPoint Presentation
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Welcome to CNIB’s InFocus Webinar Series Webinar 1: Diabetic Retinopathy Basics Netan Choudhry M.D. FRCS(C ) 25 Octob

Welcome to CNIB’s InFocus Webinar Series Webinar 1: Diabetic Retinopathy Basics Netan Choudhry M.D. FRCS(C ) 25 Octob

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Welcome to CNIB’s InFocus Webinar Series Webinar 1: Diabetic Retinopathy Basics Netan Choudhry M.D. FRCS(C ) 25 Octob

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  1. Welcome to CNIB’s InFocus Webinar Series Webinar 1: Diabetic Retinopathy Basics Netan Choudhry M.D. FRCS(C) 25 October 2012

  2. Diabetic Retinopathy Basics: Objectives • Anatomy of the eye Participants will learn about: • Diabetic retinopathy defined • Signs and symptoms • Types of diabetic retinopathy • Risk factors and prevention • Diagnostic tests • Treatment

  3. Anatomy of the Eye The retina – senses light & transmits images to the brain The macula – central part of the retina used to read and see fine details clearly The vitreous – clear gel fills the back of the eye and sits in front of the retina Figure 1: The human eye

  4. What Is Diabetic Retinopathy? Occurs when elevated blood sugar levels cause blood vessels in the eye to swell and leak into the retina. Figure 2: Diabetic macula edema (swelling of the retina)

  5. Signs and Symptoms • Floaters • Blurred vision • Blank or dark areas in field of vision Figure 3: Normal Vision • Poor night vision • Vision loss Figure 4: How vision may be affected by diabetic retinopathy

  6. Types of Diabetic Retinopathy Early stages: Non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) • Damaged blood vessels in the retina begin to leak fluid and small amounts of blood and cholesterol. • Mild NPDR may not necessarily affect vision. • Results of blurred vision: Fluorescein dye leaking in macula Figure 6: Fluorescein angiogram of macular edema Figure 5: Macula edema

  7. Types of Diabetic Retinopathy Late stages: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) Retinal vessels close causing significant reduction in blood flow. The retina responds by growing new abnormal vessels. Can affect both central and peripheral vision. Vitreous hemorrhageNew blood vessels bleed into vitreous cavity. Tractional retinal detachmentScar tissue can shrink causing the retina to detach and result in vision loss. More severe vision loss occurs if the macula is detached. Figure 7: Tractionalretinal detachment

  8. Risk Factors/Prevention • High blood sugar • Diabetes type • Smoking • Ethinicity • High blood pressure • High cholesterol • Obesity Early detection via eye exams is paramount Type 1 diabetes: within 5years of diagnosis, then annually Type 2 diabetes: at time of diagnosis, then annually Gestational diabetes: within 1st trimester

  9. Diagnostic Tests Basic assessment • Visual acuity test • Tonometry:Measures pressure • inside the eye • Dilated eye exam Advanced assessment Figure 8: Fluorescein angiogram • Fluorescein angiogram: dye is • injected systemically which • demonstrates retinal circulation • Optical coherence tomography • (OCT): non-invasive imaging study that reveals retinal anatomy Figure 9: Optical coherence tomography (OCT)

  10. Treatments Proliferative retinopathy Laser surgery • Microscopic thermal laser burns • are made in the retina • Shrinks and prevents abnormal new • blood vessel growth, and stops leaking of blood vessels • Can reduce risk of further vision loss by 50% • Also recommended to treat macular edema Figure 10: Laser photocoagulation

  11. Treatments Proliferative retinopathy Intraocular (anti-VEGF) injections • Reduces swelling in the retina and causes abnormal vessels to regress Figure 11: Intraocular injection

  12. Treatments Diabetic macular edema Lucentis Health-Canada-approved anti-VEGF treatment Approved for reimbursement in Quebec only

  13. Treatments Advanced proliferative retinopathy • Vitrectomy • Cloudy vitreous is removed and replaced with a clear solution • that mimics the normal eye fluids • Allows light rays to focus on the retina again Figure 12: Pars planavitrectomy

  14. Eye Connect: Diabetic Retinopathy cnib.ca/dr - Diabetic retinopathy basics- Prevention- Diagnosis and treatment- Living with diabetic retinopathy- Health care professionals’ page- Patient guide

  15. CNIB Contacts and Resources Production of this material has been made possible through a financial contribution from the Public Health Agency of Canada. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent the views of the Public Health Agency of Canada. CNIB website: cnib.ca Toll-free CNIB Helpline: 1-800-563-2642 Email: info@cnib.ca

  16. Q&A Session

  17. CNIB In Focus Webinar Series Webinar 2: Diabetes Management with Vision LossWhen: 13th November @ 1:00pm EST Webinar 3: Supporting Your Patients with Vision Loss: Practical Tips and StrategiesWhen: 15th November @ 1:00pm EST Webinar 4: Adjusting to Vision Loss When: 21st November @ 1:00pm EST cnib.ca/dr info@cnib.ca