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LEARN TO SAIL. Sailing Basics. University of Kansas Sailing Club Fall 2012. Parts of a Sailboat Sailing Terminology Points of Sail Sail Trim Tacking Jibing Rules of the Road Preparing to Sail. Overview:. { KU SAILING }. Not Shown Main Halyard Jib Halyard Boomvang

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learn to sail

LEARN TO SAIL

Sailing Basics

University of Kansas Sailing Club

Fall 2012

overview

Parts of a Sailboat

  • Sailing Terminology
  • Points of Sail
  • Sail Trim
  • Tacking
  • Jibing
  • Rules of the Road
  • Preparing to Sail
Overview:

{KU SAILING}

parts of the boat

Not Shown

  • Main Halyard
  • Jib Halyard
  • Boomvang
  • Tiller Extension
  • Hiking Straps
Parts of the Boat:

{KU SAILING}

parts of the boat1

Two sails: Main Sail, Jib Sail

The Outhaul pulls the Main Sail out.

The Cunningham stretches the Main Sail down.

Sheet: a line that controls a sail

Main Sheet, Jib Sheet

Halyards: a line that hoists (pulls up) a sail

Main Halyard, Jib Halyard

The Rudder changes the direction of the boat.

The skipper uses the Tiller to control the Rudder

Parts of the Boat:

{KU SAILING}

sailing terminology

Bow: the front end of the boat

Stern: the back end of the boat

Forward: direction towards the bow

Aft: direction towards the stern

Port: left

Starboard: right

Windward: closer towards the wind

Leeward: farther away from the wind

“In Irons”: pointed into the wind, no forward motion

Sailing Terminology:

{KU SAILING}

points of sail

Sailboats can not sail directly into the wind. There is a 90-degree zone 45-degrees to either side of the wind known as the No-Sail Zone. A boat in the No-Sail Zone is “In Irons”.

The following diagram shows the basic points of sail. Under sail, a boat is on either a starboard or a port tack. On a starboard tack, the wind comes over the right side of the boat; on a port tack, the wind comes over the port side of the boat.

Notice that as the boat points further away from the wind, the sails are eased out. When the boat points close to the wind, the sails are sheeted in close to the center of the boat. This is called sail trim.

Points of Sail:

{KU SAILING}

points of sail1
Points of Sail:

{KU SAILING}

sail trim

A sailor adjusts, or “trims” the sails to sail the boat as efficiently as possible. We can read tell-tales to adjust our sail trim. Tell-tales are usually pieces of yarn that have been attached to the sails. On the Main Sail, tell-tales are attached to the outside end of the sail. On the Jib sail, a tell-tale is attached on each side.

Sails are trimmed correctly when tell-tales fly back straight. If the windward (interior) tell-tale is flapping, the sail trim is too loose and needs to be sheeted in. If the leeward (exterior) tell-tale is flapping, the sail trim is too tight and needs to be eased out.

Sail Trim:

{KU SAILING}

sail trim1
Sail Trim:

{KU SAILING}

tacking

A sailing maneuver to change direction, during which the BOW of a sailboatcrosses through the wind

  • Skipper prepares crew to tack
  • Skipper begins the tack
  • Sails pass through the wind in a smooth motion
  • Skipper & crew move to the other side of the boat
  • Skipper & crew trim sails
Tacking:

{KU SAILING}

jibing

A sailing maneuver to change direction during which the STERN of the boat crosses through the wind.

  • The skipper and crew go through the same moves used when tacking
  • CAUTION: unlike during a tack, the sail will cross the wind in one swift motion. It is important to be aware of the boom to avoid injury
Jibing:

{KU SAILING}

rules of the road

Right-of-Way: The rights to stay a course

  • A boat that does not have right-of-way must give way (change course) to accommodate the boat that does have rights

Rule 1: Boats under power must give way to those that are not

Rule 2: Sailboats have right-of-way over motor-powered boats

Rule 3: Boats on a starboard tack have right-of-way over boats on

a port tack

Rule 4: A leeward boat has right-of-way over a windward boat

Rule 5: A boat that is overtaking another boat must give way.

Regardless of any rules, sailors have a responsibility to avoid collisions at all costs.

Rules of the Road:

{KU SAILING}

your first sail

Dress accordingly:

  • Wear clothes that will dry quickly. Synthetics are best
  • Wear shoes. If you don’t have dinghy boots, wear an old pair of shoes you don’t mind getting wet. Flip flops are bad.

Things to bring:

  • Water
  • Spare clothes & towel (just in case)
  • Sunglasses or a hat
Your First Sail:

{KU SAILING}