lecture 13 chapter 8 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Lecture 13 Chapter 8 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Lecture 13 Chapter 8

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 34

Lecture 13 Chapter 8 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 161 Views
  • Uploaded on

Lecture 13 Chapter 8. Genes and traits of interest II Neal Stewart. Discussion questions. 1. Other than the products discussed in this chapter, what other sorts of genes or strategies might be useful in engineering transgenic plants resistant to insects or pathogens?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

Lecture 13 Chapter 8


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
    Presentation Transcript
    1. Lecture 13 Chapter 8 Genes and traits of interest II Neal Stewart

    2. Discussion questions 1. Other than the products discussed in this chapter, what other sorts of genes or strategies might be useful in engineering transgenic plants resistant to insects or pathogens? 2. Golden Rice producing provitamin A has the potential to help many impoverished people who might benefit from eating it. Although application of this technology is supported by many people and organizations, there are also some who oppose the technology. Considering their possible motivations and potential biases, discuss some of the reasons that groups have come out in favor or in opposition to Golden Rice. 3. What are the potential benefits of producing pharmaceutical proteins in plants? What are some of the disadvantages or potential dangers? 4. Animal genes can be inserted into plants and expressed. Would you be opposed to eating foods from plants expressing proteins encoded by animal genes? By human genes? Discuss the reasons for your answers.

    3. Insect resistance

    4. Controlling Colorado potato beetle is not easy

    5. Bt corn

    6. Bt cotton

    7. Bacillus thuringiensis Stewart, 2004. Genetically Modified Planet 2004

    8. Bt Cry structure III I II Stewart, 2004. Genetically Modified Planet 2004

    9. Figure 8.3

    10. Bt toxin Insect midgut cells that have bound Bt toxin. Same gut cells a few hours later– note the damage and leakage. Stewart, 2004. Genetically Modified Planet 2004

    11. Bt Insect midgut cells that have bound Bt toxin. Mutated receptors cannot bind Bt toxin. Receptors are not present– cells cannot bind Bt Stewart, 2004. Genetically Modified Planet 2004

    12. Different Bt Crys • Cry 1s—kills caterpillars (lepidoptera) • Cry 2s—kills caterpillars (lepidoptera) • Cry 3s—kills beetles (coleoptera) Canola plant expresses a Bt cry1Ac gene

    13. Transgenic disease resistance • Viruses (yes) • Bacteria (no) • Fungi (no) • Nematodes (no)

    14. Figure 8.4

    15. RNA virus structure Stewart, 2004. Genetically Modified Planet 2004

    16. Discussion question Other than the products discussed in this chapter, what other sorts of genes or strategies might be useful in engineering transgenic plants resistant to insects or pathogens?

    17. Figure 8.5

    18. Second generation Output traits

    19. Improved nutrition, better foods • Golden rice • Modified oils from oilseeds • Vitamin E enhancements

    20. Golden rice: producing provitamin A www.goldenrice.org

    21. Biotechnologist of the day:Ingo Potrykus

    22. Figure 8.6

    23. Golden Rice producing provitamin A has the potential to help many impoverished people who might benefit from eating it. Although application of this technology is supported by many people and organizations, there are also some who oppose the technology. Considering their possible motivations and potential biases, discuss some of the reasons that groups have come out in favor or in opposition to Golden Rice.

    24. Third generation Non-traditional products

    25. Examples • Pharmaceuticals • Oral vaccines • Phytoremediation • Phytosensors • Biofuels

    26. Plant-made pharmaceuticalsakaMolecular pharming Duckweed Grow in lab Or field Protein Purification Genetic Engineering Oral vaccine– eat the fruit, or purify the vaccine pill or injection Corn

    27. Fraunhofer USA: one plant-based platform to produce pharmaceutical proteins: vaccines http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCGFW1WOFTY

    28. What are the potential benefits of producing pharmaceutical proteins in plants? What are some of the disadvantages or potential dangers?

    29. Phytorediation exampleHow to remediate mercury in soil www.uga.genetics.edu/rmblab

    30. Phytosensor example:plants to detect landmines

    31. Phytosensor example:plants to detect landmines No TNT +TNT induction Using inducible promoter/GFP fusions

    32. So, transgenic plants could be used in a lot of applications… Are there any we should avoid?