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DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENTS vs. AUTHORITARIAN GOVERNMENTS. THE ULTIMATE BATTLE OF GOOD vs. EVIL… …sort of. MAIN IDEA. The people are the ultimate rulers of democratic countries A Ruler or small group of people control Totalitarian States (Countries). DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT. 3 kinds

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democratic governments vs authoritarian governments

DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENTSvs.AUTHORITARIAN GOVERNMENTS

THE ULTIMATE BATTLE OF GOOD vs. EVIL…

…sort of.

main idea
MAIN IDEA
  • The people are the ultimate rulers of democratic countries
  • A Ruler or small group of people control Totalitarian States (Countries)
democratic government
DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT
  • 3 kinds
    • Direct Democracy
    • Representative Democracy
    • Constitutional Monarchy
direct democracy
Direct Democracy
  • All citizens meet to debate government matters and vote first hand.
  • Not practical today, because of large areas of land and populations.
representative democracy
Representative Democracy
  • Citizens elect “representatives” to make laws, and govern on their behalf.
  • A system of limited government in which the people (voters) have the ultimate power.
constitutional monarchy
Constitutional Monarchy
  • Monarchy = gov’t with a hereditary ruler (king or queen).

Constitutional Monarchy= power of monarch is limited by a Constitution and laws.

Prime Minister

democratic principles
Democratic Principles
  • “a government of the people, by the people and for the people”
  • “of”=the power comes from the citizens
  • “by” – citizens run the gov’t (through reps)
  • “for” purpose is to make it better for citizens
voting in a democracy
Voting in a Democracy
  • Free, fair, competitive elections.
  • No discrimination at the polls
  • Secret ballot
voters have choices
Voters have Choices
  • Political parties – give voters choice, and serve as a watchdog when not in power.
  • A political party is a “group of individuals with broad, common interests who organize to support candidates for office and determine public policy.
majority rule
MAJORITY RULE
  • When differences of opinion arise…we will do what most of the people want.
    • But you need to respect the views of the minorities
authoritarian covernment
AUTHORITARIAN COVERNMENT
  • Power is held by ONE INDIVIDUAL or a small group of people who are not representative of the people.
  • 3 kinds:
    • Absolute Monarchy
    • Dictatorship
    • Totalitarianism
absolute monarchy
Absolute Monarchy
  • Monarchy where the ruler has UNLIMITED authority to rule as they wish.
  • Almost nonexistent today
dictatorships
Dictatorships
  • Dictators in control – rule just like a monarch – but are not “born into” the position.
  • They acquire their power through brute military force.
  • Continue to rely on this police and military power to remain in power.
  • Tamper with elections or refuse to hold them.
  • Limit freedom of speech, press, and assembly.
totalitarianism a system of rule imposed by dictators
TotalitarianismA system of rule imposed by dictators
  • Government controls ALL aspects of life
  • Ban political opposititon
  • Regulate the means of production
  • Eliminate individual freedom –telling people what to believe and with whom they interact
  • Control the media, introduce propaganda, use scare tactics, and violence