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What stain would you use to see the neuritic plaques in Alzheimers disease? A: PAS

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What stain would you use to see the neuritic plaques in Alzheimers disease? A: PAS B: Congo red C: India Ink D: Silver stain E: Prussian blue. *not totally sure about this one. Which of the following herniations could result in weakness of the foot or leg? A: Femoral B: Inguinal

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

What stain would you use to see the neuritic plaques in Alzheimers disease?

A: PAS

B: Congo red

C: India Ink

D: Silver stain

E: Prussian blue

not totally sure about this one
*not totally sure about this one

Which of the following herniations could result in weakness of the foot or leg?

A: Femoral

B: Inguinal

C: Tonsillar

D: Cingulated

E: Uncinated

slide4

Which neurological congenital condition results in absence of the cortical gyri?

A: Lissencephaly

B: Anencepahly

C: Holoprosencepahly

D: Dandy-Walker malformation

E: Polymicrogyria

slide5

A Jacksonian march can be seen in which type of seizure?

A: petit mal

B: simple partial

C: tonic-clonic

D: myoclonic

E: atonic

slide6

Which of the following features is not commonly seen in NF-1?

A: Neurofibroma

B: Meningioma

C: Lisch nodules

D: Café-au lait spots

E: Glioma

slide7

Which of the following familail syndromes contains angiomyolipomas, liver cysts and is also epileptogenic?

A: NF-2

B: Von HippelLindau

C: Tuberous sclerosis

D: Cowden syndrome

E: Turcot syndrome

slide9

What cell in the CNS does the JC polyomavirus preferentially infect?

A: astrocytes

B: oligodendrocytes

C: microglia

D: neuron

E: ependymal

slide10

A person presenting with a headache described as a tightness of moderate to severe pain, exacerbated by movement, and rhinorrhoea is most likely to have:

A: tension type headache

B: subarachnoid haemorrhage

C: cluster headache

D: sinusitis

E: medication overuse headahce

slide11

Which out of the following is the most common location for a saccular aneurysm?

A: branches of middle cerebral

B: anterior cerebral – anterior communication

C: middle cerebral - posterior communicating

D: branches of posterior communicating

E: anterior cerebral – middle cerebral

slide12

What form of primary lymphoma is found in the CNS?

A: diffuse large B cell

B: burkitt

C: nodular sclerosis

D: follicular

E: mixed cellularity

slide13

A young mother presents with paralysis of the legs and generalised weakness after falling backward off her chair yesterday following consumption of large amounts of alcohol. Since then she has been feeling especially tired being unable to do anything, and has noticed a white-clear discharge from her nipples, and from her vagina. She has also had an upset stomach. You note that she has recently returned from a work trip to India where she had unprotected sex with women. She confesses that she has done this many times before and has not yet told her partner. On examination you find that the reflexes in her leg are markedly diminished, and the there is very little tone. The left leg appears to be paralysed just up to above the knee while the right leg is paralysed up to the ankle. What is the likely cause of her paralysis?

A: Syphillis

B: Gullian-barre’ syndrome

C: Poliomyelitis

D: Myasthenia gravis

E: HIV

slide14

An elderly women in her 80’s is brought in by her son who has just returned from a work trip to Thailand. He has noticed a change in her personality and a slowing in her cognition. She is quite unhappy to see you as you told her she should stop driving three months ago after she got in a car accident. She starts by telling you about a daily morning headache and then starts babbling about the time she went to India. While this is going on you perform a full clinical examination and notice some weakness in her left hand. From her file you see that she has atrial fibrillation, and had a TIA last year, and that she has Parkinson disease. What is the likely cause of her personality change?

A: Pick’s disease

B: Alzheimers

C: Lewy body dementia

D: Chronic subdural haematoma

E: Vascular dementia

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