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Using the High Yield Instructional Strategies to Help Narrow the Opportunity/Achievement Gap 2006 Texas Social Studies Supervisors’ Spring Conference. March 30-31, 2006. Closing the Gap What you can do as a supervisor. Focus on the Gap-force people to look at the gap--Prepare charts/reports

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march 30 31 2006

Using the High Yield Instructional Strategies to Help Narrow the Opportunity/Achievement Gap2006 Texas Social Studies Supervisors’ Spring Conference

March 30-31,

2006

closing the gap what you can do as a supervisor
Closing the GapWhat you can do as a supervisor
  • Focus on the Gap-force people to look at the gap--Prepare charts/reports
  • Talk about the gap-compare your gap with others-school, content areas, etc
  • Book studies
slide3

Reading

Math

Social Studies

District Gap

4

22

8

State Gap

10

31

12

< or > State Gap

<State by 6

<State by 9

<State by 4

Grade Eight

slide4

ELA

Math

Social Studies

Science

District Gap

26

28

12

31

State Gap

16

32

13

35

< or > State Gap

>State by 10

<State by 4

<State by 1

<State by 4

Grade Ten

slide5

ELA

Math

Social Studies

Science

District Gap

15

18

2

22

State Gap

10

18

3

19

< or > State Gap

>State by 5

<State by 5

<State by 1

>State by 3

Exit Level

slide6

“In 2004 on 26 TAKS tests, our gap was narrower than the states gap on 16 tests.”

“In 2005 on 26 TAKS tests, our gap was narrower than the states on 19 tests.”

slide8

CWTs

Classroom

Walkthroughs

Learning24/7

robert marzano

Robert Marzano

Classroom Instruction That Works

slide10
“One of the primary goals of the study was to identify those instructional strategies that have the highest probability of enhancing student achievement for all students in all subject areas at all grade levels.”

“What works in Classroom Instruction”

what really works high yield instructional strategies
What really works…High Yield Instructional Strategies
  • Identifying similarities and differences-45%---1.61
  • Summarizing and note-taking-34%---1.00
  • Reinforcing effort and providing recognition-29%---.80
  • Homework and practice-28%---.77
high yield instructional strategies
High Yield Instructional Strategies
  • Nonlinguistic representations-27%---.75
  • Cooperative Learning- 27%---.73
high yield instructional strategies1
High Yield Instructional Strategies
  • Setting objectives and providing feedback-23%---.61
  • Generating and testing hypotheses-23%---.61
  • Using questions, cues, and advance organizers-22%---.59
identifying similarities and differences
Identifying similarities and differences
  • “Common Bond” question
  • The student can find and develop similarities and differences in cultures, historical accounts, and ideas
  • Why/how is this like……..
  • Why/how is this different from…
slide15
Comparing-teacher directed, student directed and graphic organizers
  • Classifying-TEKS biography
  • Creating Metaphors-”superhighways”
  • Analogies
summarizing and note taking
Summarizing and note-taking
  • Summarizing forces generalizations, inferences, etc
  • The student can summarize readings and take notes from the teacher, the text, and personal interviews
what research says about note taking
What research says about note taking
  • Verbatim note taking is least effective-strongly discouraged
  • Notes should be considered a work progress
  • Most powerful use is to review for tests
  • “less is more” is a misconception
reinforcing effort and providing recognition
Reinforcing effort and providing recognition
  • Swift and sincere
  • Specific, variety, provides information to the student
  • Noteworthy
  • Positive reinforcement
  • Examples of this …..
what research says about reinforcing effort
What research says about reinforcing effort
  • People believe that success is attributable to one of four causes: ability, effort, other people, or luck
  • Teach students that added effort will pay off in terms of enhanced achievement
one study compared
One study compared…
  • Time Management
  • Techniques for comprehension of new materials
  • The relationship between effort and achievement
homework and practice
Homework and practice
  • Why is this a high yield strategy?
  • What is good homework/practice?
  • What percent of the first 18 years of life is spent at school?
what research says about homework
What research says about homework
  • With teachers’ comments as feedback (may or may not be graded)-30% gain
  • Homework graded-28
  • Assigned but not graded-11
  • Grade levels-(4-6)-6 (7-9)-12 (10-12)-24
nonlinguistic representation
Nonlinguistic Representation
  • Restates concepts and content in nonlinguistic representations
  • Illustrated time line
  • Or…
  • The student can infer and interpret graphic information into verbal or written-describe a picture
learning groups
Learning Groups
  • The student uses cooperative learning groups to develop social interaction skills
  • Accountability
  • Overused and misused
setting objectives and providing feedback
Setting objectives and providing feedback
  • The student is asked to determine causes and effects in historical and cultural events
  • The student reads, interprets, and constructs maps
  • The teacher writes plans that reflect specific objectives
goal of the c a department
Goal of the C&A Department
  • To ensure that every student has access to a viable curriculum and that he/she learns it.
generating and testing hypotheses
Generating and Testing Hypotheses
  • The students is asked to read multiple accounts of historical events and then analyzes the writers’ perspectives: newspapers, diaries, social commentaries
using questions cues and advance organizers
Using questions, cues, and advance organizers
  • The student can use graphic organizers to compare, classify, analyze, and organize ideas or concepts
slide29

What does research tell us about student learning?

Changes in performance-Students entering at the 50th percentile, leave*

Effective teacher/Effective School 96%

Average Teacher/Effective School 78%

Effective Teacher/Least Effective School 63%

Average Teacher/Average School 50%

Least Effective Teacher/effective school 37%

Least Effective Teacher/Least effective school 3%

*after two years

Marzano, Pickering & Pollock

playerc@marshallisd com

playerc@marshallisd.com

903-927-8715, ext.1010