The Viewing Section. Strategies. Visual Codes In Still Images. Symbolic Codes Written Codes Technical codes. Symbolic Codes.
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The body language between the two fighters indicates the binary: power and submission. Ali has the power shown through his flexing of his biceps over his submissive competitor.
In this case, the colour red, symbolises power, but also violence and physicality (red being the colour of blood). The white worn by Ali, is the colour of innocence and ‘goodness’. Due to Ali wearing this colour, it implies that his victory is the ‘right’ victory and is supported by the audience behind Ali. The boxing gloves are also symbolic because they represent masculinity and power.
Also try to identify specific language devices: instruction, adjective, rhetorical question, quote from an expert etc
In this image, the photographer has used an extreme close-up on the hands. The background is blurred, focusing the audience on the handclasp. The natural lighting has cast thin black shadows in the background. Shadows are a secondary representation of a person, so you could argue that the black shadows represent the forgotten issues of third world countries starving, while first world countries prosper.
Context: Neil Armstrong landed on the moon in 1969. The mission was part of the US ‘space-race’ with the USSR. The US wanted to show the USSR that it was more technologically advanced.
The purpose of the image was to celebrate America’s achievement and the achievement of the human race. But the purpose was also to intimidate the USSR.
Now there are conspiracy theories that suggest America faked the moon landings. For contemporary audiences this image may incite anger against the US. Even if you don’t believe the theories, you could still interpret this image as yet another example of the arrogance of the US.
Ask yourself: What footage may have been excluded? Why have particular scenes been placed next to one another? What events have not been filmed? Which interviews have been included and with whom?
Painted Babies uses the rivalry between Brooke and Asia to tell the story. This is clever because it also highlights how destructive competition is for the girls. It also highlights the pushing parenting because the rivalry is most strongly felt between the mothers, not Brooke and Asia.
Remember, in this section you have to answer ONE question, that has TWO components.
Your understandings of:
REMEMBER: you need to do more than just identify the techniques! You then need to discuss what information the audience receives from the use of these techniques.
There is no way of predicting what question you’ll be asked, however , here are a list of possible ideas/concepts you should look for and discuss in your response:
Representations of power
Representations of gender (men and women)
Representations of particular cultural groups (religious groups, age, subcultures, racial groups etc)
Values and attitudes
The action the image wants viewers to take on an issue/problem
Also look to see whether a particular event (e.g. Australia Day, WW1 etc) has been represented in a particular way