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WAIMH. Franklin Roosevelt. Election of 1932. Election of 1932 Herbert Hoover (Rep) v. Franklin D. Roosevelt (Dem) Hoover’s campaign: booed; blamed for G.D. FDR’s campaign: cheered; attacked Republicans over collapse; promised a “New Deal” to Americans FDR won the election by a landslide.

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Waimh
WAIMH

  • Franklin Roosevelt


Election of 1932
Election of 1932

  • Election of 1932Herbert Hoover (Rep) v. Franklin D. Roosevelt (Dem)

  • Hoover’s campaign: booed; blamed for G.D.

  • FDR’s campaign: cheered; attacked Republicans over collapse; promised a “New Deal” to Americans

  • FDR won the election by a landslide


Fdr s new deal
FDR’s New Deal

  • Based on the 3 R’s relief, recovery, and reform

  • Assembled the “Brain Trust” a group of advisers to FDR

  • FDR’s first hundred days was filled with new programs aimed to end the woes of Americans


Fdr s inaugural address 1933
FDR’s Inaugural Address, 1933

  • His primary task was to restore confidence of a badly shaken nation

  • “Let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself”

  • Reviewed the problems of values, unemployment, lack of government involvement


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  • “Our greatest primary task is to put people to work.”

  • “there must be strict supervision of banking and investments; end of speculation with others’ money”

  • “With this pledge, I assume the leadership of this great army of our people dedicated to an attack upon our common problems.”


Fireside chats
Fireside Chats

  • New form of communication through radio; FDR 1st president to ever use radio on a regular basis to talk to American people



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What is FDR doing in the cartoon?

What relationship between FDR and Congress does this cartoon show?

What does this cartoonist probably think about FDR’s leadership?


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  • Once inaugurated, immediately declared a “bank holiday” that closed American banks for four days to evaluate banking system

  • Following day, Congress passed the Economy Act—cut salaries of federal employees and reduced veteran’s benefits

  • FDR signed a bill legalizing the manufacture and sale of beer21st Amendment (1933) repealed 18th Amendment

  • Restored a sense of calm to the nation


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New deal programs
New Deal Programs spending”

  • Emergency Banking Relief Act—allowed the inspection of all banks by the government before reopening

  • Civilian Conservation Corps put millions of young men to work on environmentally beneficial projects

  • Federal Emergency Relief Act gave money to states to support failing relief efforts


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  • Agricultural Adjustment Act reduced crop production in an effort to raise prices, while the gov’t provided subsidies to farmers for leaving their land idle

  • Tennessee Valley Authority authorized the completion of 32 dams along the Tennessee River

  • Glass-Steagall Act created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) which guaranteed deposits up to $2500


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  • National Industrial Recovery Act provided money to state and city governments to provide jobs for unemployed

  • National Housing Act guaranteed mortgage payments to banks who lent money to home buyers—lead to more home construction

  • Works Progress Administration employed millions of Americans in public works projects


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Other new deal programs
Other New Deal programs the right to organize and bargain collectively

  • Civil Works Admin (CWA) employed 4 million (300,000 women) to work on temporary projects

  • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulated the stock market

  • Farm Security Administration and Rural Electrification Administration sought to alleviate farmers’ problems


Fdr tackles tough problems
FDR Tackles Tough Problems the right to organize and bargain collectively

Problem

FDR’s Policy

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insures bank deposits

  • Failing banks


Fdr tackles tough problems1
FDR Tackles Tough Problems the right to organize and bargain collectively

Problem

FDR’s Policy

Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulates stock market

  • Unsafe stock market


Fdr tackles tough problems2
FDR Tackles Tough Problems the right to organize and bargain collectively

Problem

FDR’s Policy

Government pays farmers subsidies

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) builds dams in the Tennessee River valley to control floods and to generate electric power

  • Desperate plight of farmers


Fdr tackles tough problems3
FDR Tackles Tough Problems the right to organize and bargain collectively

Problem

FDR’s Policy

National Recovery Administration (NRA) develops codes for industries to set minimum wages for workers and minimum prices of goods

  • Problems in industry


Fdr tackles tough problems4
FDR Tackles Tough Problems the right to organize and bargain collectively

Problem

FDR’s Policy

Civil Works Admin. (CWA) provides jobs on public-works projects

Public Works Admin. (PWA) creates jobs in construction

CCC provides jobs for 2 million young men

Federal Emerg. Relief Act (FERA) grants federal funding to state and local agencies to help the unemployed

  • Joblessness