What is diabetes
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What is Diabetes? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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A presentation of what diabetes it, the types and the symptoms.

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What is diabetes2 l.jpg
What is diabetes?

  • Over 2.9 million people have diabetes in the UK (Source: Diabetes UK).

  • Diabetes is where the glucose in your blood is too high and your body can’t use it properly .

  • This is because you do not have enough (or any) insulin to move glucose into your cells where it is needed.

  • There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2.

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Type 1

  • Type 1 diabetes means your body does not produce any insulin.

  • The cells which produce insulin in your body have been destroyed. Doctors are still unsure as to why this happens.

  • Type 1 diabetes can be found in 5-15% of all diabetes suffers and is managed through a healthy diet, exercise and daily insulin injections.

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Type 2

  • Type 2 diabetes is found in 85- 95% of diabetes sufferers.

  • It is when the body produces a small amount of insulin which is not enough for your body, or when the insulin doesn’t work properly.

  • This type of diabetes is treated with a healthy diet and increased physical activity. Often medication or insulin is also required.

  • It is becoming increasingly common with children, adolescents and young people.

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Signs of diabetes

Some of the symptoms of diabetes are:

  • Tiredness

  • Blurred Vision

  • Thirst

  • Needing the toilet more often than normal

  • Recurring infections

  • Slow healing wounds

    If you have any of these symptoms, we would advise you to take a test for diabetes and visit your GP

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Common Myths with diabetes

  • You can’t have sugar – FALSE

    • You can have sugar, you just have to balance how much you have

  • You can only eat ‘diabetic’ foods– FALSE

    • Again, balance is the key

  • Diabetes sufferers all go blind– FALSE

    • Although it is true some diabetes sufferers go blind, you can reduce your risk by keeping healthy

  • People with diabetes can’t play sport- FALSE

    • Sufferers are encouraged to keep active to reduce your risk of heart disease or other complications