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The Transition from High School to College in Georgia KSU SDU/PLU Workshop: A Forum for USG Admissions Issues Facing HS Guidance Counselors. Kennesaw State University February 17, 2009 Vice Chancellor Cathie Mayes Hudson Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia. Overview.

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The Transition from High School to College in GeorgiaKSU SDU/PLU Workshop: A Forum for USG Admissions Issues Facing HS Guidance Counselors

Kennesaw State University

February 17, 2009

Vice Chancellor Cathie Mayes Hudson

Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia

overview
Overview
  • The Transition to College in Georgia
    • How is Georgia doing?
    • How are USG’s students doing?
  • What are the minimum requirements for admission to a USG college or university?
  • Challenges
  • Discussion
preparation for college georgia s hs completion rate
Preparation for CollegeGeorgia’s HS Completion Rate

Definition: Number of 9th graders/High school graduates four years later (public high schools). Source: The National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (from Tom Mortenson; Postsecondary Education Opportunityhttp://www.postsecondary.org.

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Graduation Rate for Public High SchoolsNumber of 2007 HS GraduatesasPercent of Number of 2002 9th Graders

This rate defines completion in a consistent way for all states using a cohort survival method.

Nation 68.6

The DOE HS graduation rate for 2007 was 72.3 % (calculated in a different way).

Georgia 55.9

Source: The NCHEMS Information Center for State Higher Education Policymaking and Analysis at www.higheredinfo.org.

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College-Going Rate:Percentage of Public and Private 2006 High School GraduatesGoing Directly to College

Georgia 68.2

Nation 61.6

Source: The NCHEMS Information Center for State Higher Education Policymaking and Analysis at www.higheredinfo.org.

Source: Compiled by National Center for Higher Education Management Systems from IPEDS data. Compiled biennially.

ninth graders chances for college by age 19 2002 ninth graders enrolling in college by 2006
Ninth Graders’ Chances for College by Age 192002 Ninth Graders Enrolling in College by 2006

Nation 41.8

Georgia38.1

Source: The NCHEMS Information Center for State Higher Education Policymaking and Analysis at www.higheredinfo.org.

six year bachelor s graduation rate 2001first time freshmen graduating by 2007
Six-Year Bachelor’s Graduation Rate2001First-Time Freshmen Graduating by 2007

Nation 56.1

Georgia 48.1

Source: The NCHEMS Information Center for State Higher Education Policymaking and Analysis at www.higheredinfo.org.

Source: Compiled by National Center for Higher Education Management Systems from IPEDS data. Compiled biennially.

measuring up conclusions
Measuring Up Conclusions
  • Preparation: Georgia’s low performance could limit access to a competitive workforce.
  • Participation: College opportunities are poor.
  • Affordability: Higher education less affordable. (No need-based aid.)
  • Completion: Georgia is a top performer in awarding degrees, but few attain a bachelor’s in timely manner.
  • Benefits: Economic benefits to the state for a small proportion with bachelor’s degree very high.
  • Learning: Incomplete—No data to allow meaningful comparisons across states.
why does this matter
Why does this matter?
  • States with high levels of family or child poverty exhibit low levels of educational attainment.
  • Areas with low levels of educational attainment cannot attract better-paying jobs.

We must break

cycle of low attainment and low paying jobs.

usg institutions by sector
USG Institutions by Sector

Research Universities

Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia State University

Medical College of Georgia

University of Georgia

State Colleges

Abraham Baldwin Agric. College

College of Coastal Georgia**

Dalton State College **

Gainesville State College

Georgia Gwinnett College

Gordon College

Macon State College

Middle Georgia College

Regional Universities

Georgia Southern University

Valdosta State University

State Universities

Albany State University

Armstrong Atlantic State Univ.

Augusta State University*

Clayton State University**

Columbus State University*

Fort Valley State University

Georgia College & State Univ.

Georgia Southwestern State Univ.

Kennesaw State University

North Ga. College & State Univ.

Savannah State University*

Southern Polytechnic State Univ.

University of West Georgia

* Contains UC Unit for local students

Access Colleges

Comprehensive Universities

Two-Year Colleges

Atlanta Metropolitan College

Bainbridge College **

Darton College

East Georgia College

Georgia Highlands College

Georgia Perimeter College

South Georgia College

Waycross College

**Also a TCSG College.

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USG Mean SAT V + M ScoresFirst-Time Freshmen, Fall 1998—Fall 2008Research, Regional, and State Universities
usg mean sat v m scores fall 2008 research regional state universities
USG Mean SAT V + M Scores, Fall 2008Research, Regional, & State Universities

There is wide variation around the mean at most institutions.

*

*

*

*

*Contains a University College for students who are not prepared for admission to a state university.

percent of usg first time freshmen with complete cpc fall 1988 fall 2007
Percent of USG First-Time Freshmen with Complete CPC, Fall 1988-Fall 2007

Note: This chart shows the proportion of all first-time freshmen who completed the CPC in HS as a proportion of those

for whom CPC was applicable (non-degree students and non-traditional students are excluded). The base is same-year high

school graduates.

percent of usg first time freshmen in learning support at system level fall 1995 fall 2007
Percent of USG First-Time Freshmen in Learning Support at System LevelFall 1995 – Fall 2007

Note: After 1994, LS was split into two different forms: LS-System, defined by the same standards across the System, and

LS-Institution, defined differently across institutions. Only LS-System is shown above.

usg first year retention rates fall to fall first time full time freshmen 1998 to 1999 2007 to 2008
USG First-Year Retention RatesFall-to-Fall, First-Time/Full-Time Freshmen1998 to 1999 – 2007 to 2008

Percent Retained to Second Fall

Source: University System of Georgia, Office of Research and Policy Analysis; SIRS and ADM data. November 10, 2008.

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USG Bachelor’s Graduation RatesSix-Year Rates for Fall 1993 – Fall 2002First-Time, Full-Time Freshman Cohorts

Source: University System of Georgia, Office of Research and Policy Analysis; SIRS and ADM data. November 10, 2008.

usg admissions standards institutional admissions requirements
USG Admissions Standards &Institutional Admissions Requirements
  • The Board of Regents sets minimum admissions policies for each sector.
  • USG universities may set higher admissions standards than the System minimum requirements.
    • USG state and two-year colleges are currently admitting students under a pilot policy
usg admissions challenges
USG Admissions Challenges
  • USG Goals
    • Encourage more students to enroll in college; balance access and quality
    • Ensure that the USG meets the needs of Georgians
    • Manage enrollment growth and plan for new facilities
      • Accommodate enrollment growth efficiently & effectively
    • Educate a diverse student body, including traditional students, non-traditional students, transfers, international students
    • Facilitate retention, progression, and graduation
  • Institutional Goals
    • Ensure student success at that institution
      • Admission, enrollment, graduation, post-graduation
    • Meet local, regional, and/or state needs
purpose of usg admissions standards enhance student success
Purpose of USG Admissions Standards: Enhance Student Success

Georgia’s college- bound students do not take as many academic courses as do national students.

Go to college; graduate; enter labor market

Succeed in HS

& graduate

The CPC is the

cornerstone of the

USG admissions

policy.

Take the CPC &

more academic

courses in HS

traditional freshmen admissions college preparatory curriculum
Traditional Freshmen AdmissionsCollege Preparatory Curriculum
  • The CPC is required for regular admission to a research, regional, or state university.
  • Students with a Technical/Career diploma or a GED
    • May enroll in a two-year or state college
    • GED not considered strong preparation for college
    • In rare circumstances, a student may be admitted as a Presidential Exception
traditional freshmen admissions
Traditional Freshmen Admissions
  • Freshmen at research, regional, and state universities must have a minimum “Freshman Index” for the sector.
    • Students who score high on SAT or ACT can offset lower high school performance on GPA.
    • Students who have high GPA can offset lower scores on SAT or ACT.
how to calculate the usg freshman index
How to Calculate the USGFreshman Index

FI = (500 x HSGPA) + SAT Verbal + SAT Math

or

FI = (500 x HSGPA) + (ACT Composite x 42) + 88

Minimum FI

Research Universities 2500

Regional Universities 2040

State Universities 1940

Note that research universities

and some other USG institutions have additional AND/OR

higher requirements.

traditional freshmen admissions to a research regional or state university
Traditional Freshmen Admissions to a Research, Regional, or State University

Students must have minimum SAT or ACT scores for admission to research, regional, & state universities

  • SATV of 430 and SATM of 400 OR
  • ACT English of 17 and ACT Math of 17

These scores exempt a student from placement testing for learning support.

traditional freshmen admissions to a state or two year college
Traditional Freshmen Admissions to a State or Two-Year College
  • No requirement for SAT or ACT scores.
  • All students tested for LS placement with COMPASS
    • May exempt LS testing with scores from national administration of SAT or ACT
      • SATV of 430 and SATM of 400 OR
      • ACT English of 17 and ACT Math of 17
  • Four state universities also act as a two-year college point of access
    • “University College” units at Armstrong Atlantic State University, Augusta State University, Columbus State University, & Savannah State University
traditional freshmen admissions to state two year colleges four university colleges
Traditional Freshmen Admissionsto State/Two-Year Colleges& Four University Colleges
  • Students must graduate from HS or have a GED Credential
    • Certificates of Performance not equivalent
  • HSGPA Requirements (on Core courses)
    • With CPC: 2.0 HSGPA
    • With TC: 2.2 HSGPA
    • Limited exceptions to minimum HSGPA requirement
  • All students evaluated for CPC course completion (with make-up requirement)
georgia s future
Georgia’s Future
  • Individuals: Increase education levels for a better qualify of life and better careers
  • Georgia: Increase share of knowledge workers in the economy
changing times the millennial student
Changing Times:The Millennial Student
  • Special, sheltered (helicopter parents), confident, team-oriented, conventional, achievement-oriented
  • No tolerance for delay
  • Materialistic
  • Individualistic
  • Decline in social rules and formality; incivility
  • Change in focus

Sources: Strauss and Howe: Millennials Rising; Millennials Go to College; Twenge, Generation Me; Christy Price Presentation, 2009.

we need your help
We need your help . . . . .
  • Help us meet the needs of millennial students
  • Help eliminate barriers to college
    • Academic
      • Create first generation college students
      • Help students choose the CP track
      • Encourage students to take more academic courses than needed
      • Encourage AP and IB courses
    • Fiscal
      • Low tuition state – lowest in South
      • Financial constraints: Save $ and plan
    • Social
      • Low parental & student expectations
      • Student motivation: Study, study, study
we need your help1
We need your help . . . . .
  • Let us know what we need to do and what we need to do better.
  • Give us feedback.
for more information
For more information . . . .
  • USG’s web site: http://www.usg.edu
  • USG by the Numbers—USG123: http://info.usg.edu/
  • Common application at: http://gacollege411.org/
  • Student Services: Associate Vice Chancellor for Student Services Tonya Lam, http://www.usg.edu/student_affairs/ or email at Tonya.Lam@usg.edu
  • USG’s admission’s policy and procedures: http://www.usg.edu/admin/acadaff/handbook/section3/3.01.phtml
  • or write or email . . .
        • Dr. Cathie Mayes Hudson
        • Vice Chancellor for Research & Policy Analysis
        • Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia
        • 270 Washington Street, SW
        • Atlanta, Georgia 30334
        • Email: Cathie.Mayes.Hudson@usg.edu
georgia public hs graduates actual 1988 2002 projected 2003 2018
Georgia Public HS GraduatesActual 1988-2002 & Projected 2003-2018

WICHE Projections

Actual

Source: WICHE, 2003.

georgia private hs graduates actual 1990 2002 projected 2003 2018
Georgia Private HS GraduatesActual 1990-2002 & Projected 2003-2018

WICHE Projections

Actual

Source: WICHE, 2003.

georgia public hs graduates by race ethnicity actual 2000 2002 projected 2003 2018
Georgia Public HS Graduates by Race & Ethnicity, Actual 2000-2002 & Projected 2003-2018

WICHE Projections

Source: WICHE, 2003.

demographic factors affecting enrollment
Demographic FactorsAffecting Enrollment

Note: Percentages do not add to 100 (rounding error from separate race projections).

slide46

USG Fall Headcount EnrollmentActual (1990-2005) and Projected to 2018 Projection Uses Autoregression Model Based on Past Enrollment and HS Graduateswith 95 Percent Confidence Interval for High and Low Projection

USG/SRA—September 11, 2006