CHINA. Post-Classical China(1000B.C.E-500c.e). Shang - decentralized Zhou(1029-258 B.C.E) “Middle kingdom” (Yangtze to Huang)-ethnocentrism No central gov’t instead alliances with regional princes Qin(221-202 B.C.E)
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Confucianism, Daoism, legalism, Buddhism
Confucianism= mutual respect and eventually became the foundation of bureaucracy
-HAN Dynasty somewhat ZHOU
Daoism- balance with nature founded by Laozi
Legalism- Qin dynasty & best gov’t = by force
Technological advances like calendar, astronomy and seismographs
Social structure- aristocratic and merit
High knowledge of science
Emphasis on religion
Huge market/trade econ
Rigid social structure
After Han, China= three kingdoms: Northern Zhou, Chen, and The Northern Qi
Wendi~ Sui -married daughter to zhou empire
Yangdi~(son of Wendi) milder legal codes, Confucianism, civil service exam~luxury=decline
TANG~ Li Yuan revived bureaucracy, civil service exams
Hereditary aristocracy declined
Tang & Song-Scholar-gentry increasedPost Classical time(600c.e.-1450)
Buddhism became popular during this time period whereas before it was unknown to China
The merchant class’ role became more important to that of Chinese economy.
Song dynasty fell to Mongol invasion leading to the Yuan dynasty in 1271 by Kublai Khan
Kublai discontinued civil service exams but surrounded by Confucius, Buddhist, and Taoist scholars
Wife Chabi = promotion of Buddhism
China was forced out of the isolation that had once been in action and had to trade with Europeans without their consent.
Present-day Hong kong pictured on the right.
Buddhism and Islam in China of the Hui and Uyghur
Freedom of religion
Buddhism widely influential throughout China
Taoist about 300 Taoist temples spread across China
Others are Ancestor soul existence and the Chinese astrology is popularReligion
Chinese new year
The gov’t went from a single ruler with Mandate of Heaven to slowly developing Communist gov’t.