Food Security in Africa Increasing Productivity with an Agri-Food Chains Approach - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Food Security in Africa Increasing Productivity with an Agri-Food Chains Approach

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  1. Food Security in AfricaIncreasing Productivity with an Agri-Food Chains Approach By Amit Roy President & CEO International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC) Presented at Innovagro’s 2nd Annual International Seminar “Innovation for Family Farming and Food Security” May 21-22, 2012 Buenos Aires, Argentina

  2. Presentation outline • Brief overview of African agriculture • Essential elements to increasing agricultural productivity in Africa • Example of a successful intervention • Conclusion

  3. The Enormity of Africa

  4. Paved Roads per Million People(km/million capita)

  5. Sub-Saharan Africa … Crop Yields low

  6. Sub-Saharan Africa .... Fertilizer use low Per Hectare, Fertilizer Use by Markets, 2008/09 (kg/ha) 130 8 South Asia Sub Saharan Africa

  7. Sub-Saharan Africa .... Extencification…

  8. Fertilizer Price Trends: Jan 2005 – April 2012

  9. Increase in productivity Why? • Achieve food Security and import substitution • Develop competitive agricultural sector • Ensure environmental sustainability • 5 essential points for success

  10. 1. A Holistic Approach: Agri-Food Chain Farming Agro-Industry Agro-Industry Inputs Outputs Marketing and Processing of Farm Products Supply of Farm Inputs Farm Production Demand Pull Linkages

  11. 2. Agro-Dealer Development • Agro-dealers are farmers’ main contacts for inputs and advice • Expanded agro-dealer networks increase input availability • Key component of successful delivery system

  12. Last-mile-delivery a la Coca Cola Agro-Dealers in Ghana Profiled and mapped over 4,000 dealers Published a national directory of dealers Linked trained dealers to credit guarantee scheme Established demo plots with dealers and organized field days

  13. Vouchers as “Smart Subsidies”

  14. 3. Enhance Soil productivity--ISFM • ISFM—Combining organic and inorganic plant nutrients • Doubles productivity and increases incomes 20%-50% • Protects the environment and maintains (or even enhances) soil resources

  15. 4. innovations

  16. Simple Solution: Urea Deep Placement Prilled Urea Briquette Machine for USG USG

  17. Urea Deep Placement (UDP) • Two million farmers in Bangladesh are using UDP, accounting for 12% of paddy area • Briquette manufacture creates village-level employment opportunities • UDP being introduced into eight African countries FDP Applicator Field Trials

  18. 5. Access to Market Information • Market information systems critical at all levels of the value chain • Mobile phones now used as business tools to access data on commodity prices and agro-inputs • (65% of Africans have access to mobile coverage) www.amitsa.org

  19. An Example of Success Cassava

  20. Cassava Revolution

  21. Long-term private sector investments • Long-term private sector investments for local market development (DADTCO, FrieslandCampina, Rumpstad) • Focus on PPPs, with critical role of public funding (capitalism is good at creating wealth but terrible at distributing it, B. barber) • Attention to private sector risk-rewards • Essential to develop reliable relations between actors in value chains

  22. Enabling environment Nigeria – Taraba State: • Focus in areas where private-sector is vibrant • Focus on states with long-term support to private sector investments • Results: • DADTCO investment in cassava flour factory • Fertilizer distribution a vibrant market with trained agro-dealers and distribution network • State investment in bakery to increase use of cassava flour

  23. Conclusions • Large-scale productivity jump in agriculture in Africa is possible • Concerted and long-terminvestments from private and public sectors • Enabling policy environment • Investment in infrastructures

  24. Thank You