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Canadian Interuniversity Sport. Anti-Doping Education and Information Seminar. Academic School Year 2006-2007. Overview. Doping Control Procedures Know athletes’ rights and responsibilities Definition of Doping Understand the sanctions List of Prohibited Substances and Methods

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canadian interuniversity sport

Canadian Interuniversity Sport

Anti-Doping Education and Information Seminar

Academic School Year 2006-2007

overview
Overview

Doping Control Procedures

  • Know athletes’ rights and responsibilities

Definition of Doping

  • Understand the sanctions

List of Prohibited Substances and Methods

  • Be familiar with the CIS Abbreviated Therapeutic Use Exemptions process

Supplements

  • Be aware of the potential risks

True Sport

  • Wrap-up
athlete s rights
Athlete’s Rights

As an athlete subject to doping control, you have the right to:

  • Have a representative and, if required, an interpreter.
  • Ask for additional information about the sample collection process.
  • Request a delay in reporting to the doping control station for valid reasons (e.g., media, medal ceremony, warm-down, etc.)
    • Under the supervision of a chaperone at all times.
athlete s responsibilities
Athlete’s Responsibilities

As an athlete subject todoping control, you have the responsibility to:

  • Remain within sight of the notifying chaperone at all times.
  • Provide valid identification.
  • Comply with the samplecollection procedures.
  • Report to the doping control station within 60 minutes of being notified.
  • Maintain possession of your sample until it is sealed.
discussion
Discussion

What is doping?

definition of doping
Definition of Doping

The Canadian Anti-Doping Program defines doping as the occurrence of one or more of the following anti-doping rule violations:

  • Presenceof a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s body.
  • Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method.
  • Refusing or failing to submit to doping control.
  • Missing a test or failure to meet athlete whereabouts requirements.

(Continued on next slide)

definition of doping continued
Definition of Doping (Continued)
  • Tampering or attempting to tamper with any part of the doping control process.
  • Possession of prohibited substances or methods.
  • Trafficking in any prohibited substances or methods.
  • Administration or attempted administration of a prohibited substance or method to an athlete.
sanctions
Sanctions

First violation: Typically results in a two-year period of ineligibility.

Second violation: Typically results in a lifetime ban or period of ineligibility.

All athletes have a right to a hearing following an adverse analytical (positive) finding.

sanctions involving specified substances
Sanctions Involving Specified Substances

For example, cannabis, glucocorticosteroids, alcohol, beta blockers

If it can be shown that use was not intended to enhance performance.

First violation: Range from a warning and reprimand, to one-year period of ineligibility.

Second Violation: Two years’ ineligibility.

Third Violation: Lifetime ineligibility.

  • For more information on the results management process, visit www.cces.ca or contact the Sport Dispute Resolution Centre of Canada.
list of prohibited substances and methods
List of Prohibited Substances and Methods

Two of the following three criteria must be met for a substance or method to be included on the Prohibited List.

The use of a substance or method:

  • Has the potential to enhance or enhances sport performance.
  • Represents an actual or potential health risk.
  • Violates the spirit of sport.
prohibited list categories substances
Anabolic agents

Hormones & related substances

Beta-2-agonists

Agents with anti-estrogenic activity

Diuretics & other masking agents

Stimulants (e.g., ephedrine)

Narcotics (e.g., morphine)

Cannabinoids (e.g., hashish)

Glucocorticosteroids

Sport specific

Determined by the sport International Federation.

Visit (www.wada-ama.org)

Prohibited List Categories: Substances
prohibited list categories methods
Prohibited List Categories: Methods
  • Enhancement of oxygen transfer.
    • (e.g., blood doping)
  • Chemical and physical manipulation
    • (e.g., urine substitution or alteration)
  • Gene doping
    • (e.g., non-therapeutic use of cells, genes and genetic elements)
examples of misunderstood substances
Examples of Misunderstood Substances

Caffeine

Pseudoephedrine

(commonly found in over-the-counter cold decongestant medications)

Are not prohibited substances

WADA Monitoring Program

Substances in this program are currently monitored to detect patterns of misuse in sport.

To find out more, visit www.wada-ama.org > Prohibited List

possible side effects
Possible Side Effects

Anabolic agents

Severe back acne, liver disease, high blood pressure, psychological depression.

Stimulants

High blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmia.

Narcotics

Nausea, decreased heart rate, dependence.

Cannabinoids

Decreased concentration, impaired learning abilities, lung and throat cancer.

strict liability
Strict Liability

An anti-doping rule violation occurs whenever a prohibitedsubstance is found in an athlete’s body,

whether or not the athlete intentionally or unintentionally used a prohibited substance or was negligent or otherwise at fault.

cannabis don t get sidelined
Cannabis: Don’t Get Sidelined
  • The presence of cannabinoids or its metabolites in your body is an anti-doping rule violation.
  • Despite its classification as a specified substance, an anti-doping violation involving cannabis is still considered a first time anti-doping violation.
  • Cannabis can remain in your system over an extended period of time (longer than a month.)
  • Disturbing Trend for Athletes:
    • Cannabis can be laced with cocaine.
    • This typically leads to a two-year ban from competitive sport.
take action
Take Action
  • Don’t risk it! You don’t know what other narcotics may be contained within cannabis.
  • Remove yourself from the environment.
  • Avoid direct or significant second-hand exposure to cannabis.
true or false
True or False

Asthma inhaler medications contain prohibited ingredients.

therapeutic use exemptions tue
Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE)
  • May be granted to an athlete permitting the use of a prohibited substance or method on the Prohibited List.
  • There are two types of TUE forms:
    • Abbreviated TUE
    • Standard TUE
abbreviated therapeutic use exemptions atue
Abbreviated Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ATUE)
  • Four Beta-2-agonists (inhalation)
      • (i.e., salbutamol, salmeterol, terbutaline, formoterol)
  • Glucocorticosteroids (inhalation and/or local injections)
      • (e.g., Pulmicort, Flovent)
  • ATUEs are valid for up to one year and must be renewed annually thereafter.
  • CIS athletes who are not affiliated with any other NSO are no longer required to submit ATUEs prior to testing. A new retroactive submission process is in effect.
standard therapeutic use exemption stue
Standard Therapeutic Use Exemption (STUE)
  • For all other prohibited substances or methods.
  • Available only on request from the CCES.
  • Required for all athletes (including CIS), at least 21 days prior to competition.
  • ATUEs and STUEs have different application forms and processes.
  • To speak with someone directly, contact the CCES Infoline at 1-800-672-7775
take action1
Take Action
  • Verify the status of all prescription or over-the-counter medications using the Global Drug Information Database (DID) (www.didglobal.com)
  • Request that your physician and/or pharmacist use this resource.
  • Stay informed on which TUE process, if any, applies to you.
discussion1
Discussion

Are you aware of the risks associated with the use of supplements or sport nutrition products?

supplements potential risks
Supplements: Potential Risks
  • Limited industry regulation particularly outside of Canada.
  • Improper labelling or omission of contained ingredients.
  • Potential cross contamination.
  • Exceeding recommended dosages.
cces position on supplement use
CCES Position on Supplement Use
  • The CCES does not promote the use of supplements, yet recognizes that some athletes choose to use them. However, we acknowledge there is need to assist athletes in making informed decisions.
helping athletes minimize the risks
Helping Athletes Minimize the Risks
  • CCES partnership with NSF International
  • Program to minimize risk of inadvertent doping from prohibited substances in supplements.
  • Certification concentrates on the categories of stimulants, anabolic steroids, beta-2 agonists and masking agents.
  • Certified products are:
    • Labelled “NSF Certified For Sport”
    • Listed on the NSF website (www.nsf.org)
take action2
Take Action

Protect your eligibility!

  • Seek advice from a nutritionist, sport doctor or pharmacist.
  • Never use a supplement on the recommendation of a teammate or competitor.
  • Ask yourself – do I really need this or are there other alternatives?
true sport movement
True Sport Movement …

Connecting those who believe that sport – good sport – is a strong ingredient in building character, enhancing our human potential and contributing to healthy, vibrant communities and a more socially connected Canada.

sport s positive contribution
Sport’s positive contribution
  • Fair Play
  • Teamwork
  • Respect
  • Tolerance
  • Dedication
  • Goal Setting
  • Importance of practice
  • Winning and losing with grace
  • Self confidence / Self-assuredness
  • Fun
  • Perseverance
  • Fitness
  • Commitment
  • and the list goes on!

Sport is a universal language. At its best it can bring people together, no matter what their origin, background, religious beliefs or economic status. And when young people participate in sports or have access to physical education, they can experience real exhilaration even as they learn the ideals of teamwork and tolerance.

Kofi Annan 

true sport key principles
True SportKey Principles

True Sport Core Values

Go For It

o

Play Fair

o

Respect Others

o

Keep It Fun

o

Stay Healthy

o

Give Back

Fun

o

Fairness

o

Excellence

o

Inclusion

you are invited to
You are invited to…
  • Join It
    • Commit. Take a stand. Declare your membership and have your CIS team declare too!
  • Show It
    • Be a leader. Inspire others.
  • Live It
    • Make a difference. Lead by example. Contribute to sport in a positive way
  • Grow It
    • Talk about it. Encourage others. Share your positive experiences with teammates and youth.

Visit truesport.ca!

your cces resources
Your CCES Resources

CCES Information Line (toll-free)

1-800-672-7775

General Inquiries: info@cces.ca

Substance Inquiry Service:

substanceinquiries@cces.ca

Web sites

The Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport

www.cces.ca

Global Drug Information Database

www.didglobal.com

NSF International

www.nsf.org

All sport images are courtesy of the CIS.

True Sport

www.truesport.ca

The Sport Dispute Resolution Centre of Canada

www.adrsportred.ca

The World Anti-Doping Agency

www.wada-ama.org