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Field Safety. GES 394 Revised by Mr. Brian Oram Three Main Goals !. Everyone comes home Safe ! We have a fun productive learning experience. The equipment and supplies return to Wilkes University in Good Working Order. Primary Field Problems.

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field safety

Field Safety

GES 394

Revised by Mr. Brian Oram

three main goals
Three Main Goals !

Everyone comes home Safe !

We have a fun productive learning


The equipment and supplies return to

Wilkes University in Good Working Order.

primary field problems
Primary Field Problems
  • Injury – Trip and Fall Hazards
  • Improper Clothing (poor foot wear, etc)
  • Work Overload – 12 hours of field work in 8 hours
  • Heat Stroke – Heat Exhaustion
  • Hypothermia
  • Dehydration
  • Sun Burn
  • Contact with the Wildlife- ticks, snakes, etc
  • Automobile Incidents
  • The Public and Us !
  • Getting Lost – compass, local map, GPS, and road map.
trip and fall injuries
Trip and Fall Injuries

No Jumping Off Rock Outcrops !

Keep Laboratory, Field Areas, and Office – Pick Up and Secure

prepare for conditions
Prepare for Conditions

Know the work conditions and the environment. What specific safety equipment is needed ?Know the work hazards ?

Bring a field first aid kit ?

Let Someone or at least two people know where you are going and when you will return?Bring water, flashlight, matches, and a snack – Just in Case !What work clothing is required- Check the Weather Forecast ?

Work in Pairs (Team Approach !).

For all field work, the field clothing will include long panties and hiking boots.

field clothing better choices
Field Clothing- Better Choices !
  • Hats – as Needed !
  • 2) Boots – Steel Toes (optional)
  • 3) Sneakers – NO !
  • 4) Eye Wear – Safety Glasses as
  • Needed !
  • Prescription Glasses – YES
  • Contacts – Not Recommended
  • 5) Hard Hat – Not Required in Most
  • Cases
  • 6) Safety Vests (as needed)
  • Note: Test Pits over 4 feet are
  • Confined Spaces !
heat cramps and heat exhaustion
Heat Cramps and Heat Exhaustion

Heat Cramps

Heat Cramps are muscle contractions, usually in the gastrocnemius Or

hamstring muscles (the muscles at the back of the calves). These

contractions are forceful and painful. These cramps seem to be connected to

heat, dehydration, and poor conditioning, rather than to lack of salt or other

mineral imbalances. They usually improve with rest, drinking water, and a

cool environment.

Heat Exhaustion

Although partly due to exhaustion -- and feeling like exhaustion, as the name

implies -- heat exhaustion is also a result of excessive heat and dehydration.

The signs of heat exhaustion include paleness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting,

fainting, and a moderately increased temperature (101-102 degrees F). Rest

and water may help in mild heat exhaustion, and ice packs and a cool

environment (with a fan blowing) may also help. More severely

exhausted patients may need IV fluids, especially if vomiting keeps them

from drinking enough. Severe Cases – Go to the Hospital !

heat stroke
Heat Stroke

Result of long, Extreme exposure to the Sun, Humid

Environments, or unvented environments (Level A

and Level B Protection).

Your body does not have enough water to sweat

enough to reduce body temperature.

Can develop rapidly – I have only seen this happen, but we

were working in teams.

Requires immediate medical treatment

Symptoms: disorientation, not sweating, rapid pulse.

heat stroke1
Avoid heat stroke:

Stay hydrated. Drink lots of water and sports drinks. Avoid tea, coffee, soda and alcohol.

Wear lightweight, tightly woven, loose-fitting clothing in light colors.

Avoid strenuous hiking or digging in the heat of the day.

Protect yourself from the sun by wearing a hat and sunglasses.

Increase time spent outdoors gradually to get your body used to the heat.

Take frequent drink breaks; If it’s going to be really hot, mist yourself with a spray bottle to avoid becoming overheated.

Try to avoid outdoor work on very hot and humid days

Heat Stroke
dehydration we have a choice
Bad Decisions !

Drink alcohol- rather than water

Go to work sick


Work hard in sunny, dry and/or windy weather

Work by Yourself

Do Not Watch Out for Field Team

Good Decisions !

Bring Adequate Water

Drink Water- Eat Fruit

Wear Proper Clothing

Take a Break at Regular Intervals

Watch out for Team

Eat Breakfast, Lunch, and other meals and Bring a Snack (Smaller Meals are Better !)

Wear a Hat and if necessary sun block.

Dehydration- We Have a Choice !
hypothermia excess loss of body heat not just in the winter
Excess loss of body heat




Very cold hands and feet

Drop of temperature in body core

Avoid hypothermia:

wear a hat; 80% of body heat can be lost through an uncovered head

stay dry; wet clothing sucks heat from your body

dress in layers; if you warm up and start to sweat, peel off layers to stay dry

wool retains much of its heat-holding capacity even when wet

Hypothermia- Excess Loss of Body HeatNot Just in the Winter !
hypothermia more tips
Hypothermia- More Tips

Avoid hypothermia:

  • a scarf or knit mask to cover face and mouth
  • sleeves that are snug at the wrist
  • mittens (they are warmer than gloves)
  • water-resistant coat and shoes – Stay Dry ! Layer Clothing.
  • Wool, silk, or polypropylene inner layers of clothing hold more body heat than cotton

Get Help ! – This is why

The body system is so


overexposure to sun this can happen in the winter
Overexposure to SunThis can happen in the Winter !

Avoid sunburn:

  • wear a sunscreen with an SPF of 30
  • wear a hat
  • wear sunscreen-rated clothing
  • stay out of the sun as much as possible between 10am and 2pm

Image Source:

van and vehicle safety
Van and Vehicle Safety
  • Seat belts on driver and every passenger, all the time, no exceptions.
  • Drive within the posted speed limit and in a safe manner for the conditions.
  • Remember the Van has a LOGO – Someone will call !
  • At least one person in vehicle has a cellular phone with a call list.
  • Vans driven only by Wilkes University Employees (includes Work Study Students)
the environment the wildlife
The Environment- “The Wildlife”

Plus Spiders, Ants, Bees and large predators

DO NOT Forget the Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi, Worms and other organisms living in the soil. !


Deer Ticks carry Rocky Mountain

Spotted Fever and Lyme disease


Symptoms: up to 2 weeks after bite

Rash, fever, aches in joints or


The bullseye rash is an early symptom of Lyme disease. Lyme

disease is caused by the bite of an infected tick. Proper treatment

with antibiotics is mandatory. If untreated, Lyme disease may

progress to a chronic stage that can be disabling and difficult to


falling off ledges not good even if your swimsuit is on
Falling Off Ledges- Not Good !Even If Your Swimsuit is ON

Yes, this can happen.

Watch where you put your feet,

especially when you are looking

through a camera

Work in pairs.

Check ledges before putting your full

weight on them.

Just Stay as Far away as Possible !

Stop Jumping Off the Rocks !!!!

field etiquette
Field Etiquette

Close fences and Leave the Area as You Found.

Respect private property – This is good reason to have a camera.

Bring your trash home – do not bury or leave your trash Or waste when in field

Fill in holes, test pits, auger holes, percolation holes, shovel pits, and cores.

When walking stay at least 6 feet behind the other person.

call before you dig drill blast the pa one call
Call Before You Dig-Drill- Blast !The PA ONE Call

Pennsylvania One Call System is a non-profit Pennsylvania

corporation created to protect the underground facilities of

members through communication with any person (s) planning

To disturb the earth.

Identifies utility right-of-ways ! (Gas, Electric, Telephone,

Pipeline, Water, Cable TV, Fiber Optics/ Telecommunications,

and Local Governments.

Remember: Please call 3 working days before digging. It’s the

law, and the safest thing to do.

Phone: 1-800-248-1786

925 Irwin Run Rd., Pittsburgh, PA 15122

the pa one call color code
The PA ONE Call Color Code

Temporary Marking Standard – ANSI Stnd Z535.1

White – Proposed Excavation

Pink – Temporary Survey Markings

Red – Electric Power Lines, Cables, Conduit, and Lighting Cables

Yellow- Gas, Oil, Steam, Petroleum, or Gaseous Materials

Orange – Communications, Alarm or Signal Lines, Cables Or Conduit

and Traffic Loops

Blue – Potable Water

Purple – Reclaimed Water, Irrigation, and Slurry Lines

Green – Sewers and Drain Line

Phone: 1-800-248-1786

925 Irwin Run Rd., Pittsburgh, PA 15122

American National Standards Institute - ANSI

biggest field danger
Biggest Field Danger !

A Human Brain that is NOT THINKING !THINK BEFORE YOU ACT !!!!!

field safety1

Multiple Hazards – Note Hearingand Head Protection

Field Safety

GES 394

Revised by Mr. Brian OramWilkes University

Unknown SeepageChemical/ Biological


Equipment Hazards