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Child labor. What is child labor?. Child labor is work that harms children and keep them from attending school.

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what is child labor
What is child labor?

Child labor is work that harms children and keep them from attending school

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Lebanon has the highest proportion of working kids aged 10 to 17 in the world, with over 100,000 children in the country who are victims of child labor and illicit trafficking. Rights groups say better coverage of the often misreported story could help inform people about the realities of child labor.

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There are many laws that forbid child labor in Lebanon but you need someone to go ahead and achieve them like :

  • Protective laws for children date back to 1946.
  • The Lebanese Labor Law of 1946 basically divides children into two categories - those between fourteen and eighteen years and those under fourteen. The law categorically prohibits the employment of children who have not completed thirteen years and requires a medical certificate proving that a child above thirteen is fit for the job he is hired to perform.
  • In certain types of work, deemed harmful or detrimental, the law prohibits employing any child under the age of sixteen years. In addition to other restrictions, no child can be employed for more than six hours per day and should be given at least one-hour rest whenever the total working hours exceed four per day.
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In 1995, Medical students at the American University of Beirut interviewed a total of 69 street boys and four street girls working in Beirut. The work of these children ranged from selling cigarettes, newspapers, chewing gum, collecting or scavenging garbage, and begging.

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The Labor Code of 1996 sets the minimum age for employment at 14 years

  • Children working in domestic service, family businesses, and agriculture are not covered by the child labor provisions. Children ages 14 to 17 may be employed under special conditions relating to matters such as working hours and conditions, and type of work.
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. A 1999 amendment to the Labor Code forbids the employment of children under the age of 18 for more than 6 hours per day. The amendment also requires a 13-hour period of rest between workdays

  • There are a number of statutes under which the worst forms of child labor can be prosecuted in Lebanon. There are no laws specifically prohibiting trafficking or forced labor; however, other laws are used to address such offenses. These include article 569 of the Penal Code, which prohibits deprivation of personal freedom and article 11 of the labor code, which limits the scope of work agreements
  • In addition, youths under the age of 18 must be given an hour break after a 4-hour period of labor.
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Adolescents ages 14 to 18 must pass a medical examination to ensure that they can undertake the work for which they are to be engaged, and the prospective employer must request the child's identity card to verify his or her age.

  • In addition, it is illegal to employ a child under the age of 17 in industrial enterprises that are harmful or detrimental to their health, or to hire youth below the age of 16 to work in dangerous environments that threaten their life, health or morals.
  • Sections 107 and 108 of the Labor Code provide for a fine of 100 too 1,000 Lebanese pounds (USD 0.06 to 0.67) and 30 days' to 3 months of imprisonment for anyone who infringes the provisions of the Labor Code, which include the prohibitions relating to child labor.
  • These include article 569 of the Penal Code, which prohibits deprivation of personal freedom and article 11 of the labor code, which limits the scope of work agreements.2 Moreover, abduction of a person under the age of 18 for purposes of exploitation is prohibited and punishable by up to 3 years of imprisonment and a fine.
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In August 2005, the Secretary General of the Higher Council for Childhood stated that officials dealing with the issue of child labor face three main problems: lack of coordination between the appropriate ministries; little capacity building for NGOs who offer education/vocational training to working children; and the absence of a problem-solving approach that addresses prevention, rather than detection of the problem

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More information

  • Most children are employed in artisan or small workshops (55 percent), 17 percent work in private occupations or are self-employment, 14 percent in unskilled labor, and nine percent work with machinery.World Vision is currently conducting research into the nature of child trafficking in Lebanon in the hope that the findings will shed some light on this under-reported segment of society. The organization recently held workshops for civil society and lawmakers on the various ways in which trafficking may occur.
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References

  • www.annad .org/…/uprlebanonpuben.pdf
  • www.unher.org/refworld/publisher
  • www.state.gov
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Done by: firyal Omar

Aya Jerro

Hiba Haddarah

Sara Yamout