Richard Wagner Music 1010 Professor Craig Ferrin - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Richard Wagner Music 1010 Professor Craig Ferrin

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  1. Richard WagnerMusic 1010Professor Craig Ferrin By SanelKibric November 4th, 2013

  2. Agenda • Richard Wagner Biography • Composition History Wotan's Farewell and the Magic Fire • Listening Guide Wotan's Farewell and the Magic Fire • Bibliography

  3. biography Richard Wagner

  4. Richard Wilhelm Wagner • Born on May 22, 1813 in Leipzig, Germany • Year 1813 has historical significance • Battle of Leipzig/ Battle of the Nations • Napoleon was defeated • Controversy over biological father • Karl Wagner, police officer • Ludwig Geyer, artist

  5. “From an early age, Wagner had been interested in theater, drama, verse, and acting. While in his teens he became interested in music, and began studying and composing. His greatest inspiration came from the operatic reforms and ideas of Gluck, and from the German operas of Carl Maria von Weber.” Richard Wagner- Music History • First play written at the age of fifteen • First composition written at the age of sixteen

  6. Wagner’s early explorations • Early influences by the unorthodox composer Gluck • Wagner introduces the not so clear separation of arias and the recitative • Strives for the ‘Gesamtkuntwerk’ or total artwork • 18 hours ‘Ring’ • Four piece opera • Creation of the Bayreuth Festival in 1876

  7. Dissonance- tension or clash, while searching for a solutionChromaticism- creation of new tone combinations Wagner’s Impact on the world of music and the opera

  8. Wotan's Farewell and the Magic Fire Composition History

  9. Wotan's Farewell and the Magic Fire • ‘Das Ring der Nibelungen’ or ‘Ring’ • Most famous Wagner’s opera, in four parts • ‘Das Rheingold’ / The Rhine Gold • ‘Die Walküre’ / The Valkyrie • ‘Siegfried’ • ‘Götterdämmerung’ / Twilight of the Gods • Written between June 1854 & March 1856 • First time performed on June 26, 1870 at the Royal Court and National Theatre in Munich, Germany

  10. ‘Gesamtkunstwerk- Das Ring der Nibelungen’ • August 14, 1876 – the ‘Ring’ is performed for the first time as ‘total art’ • Bayreuth Festival and the specifically designed festival hall • Toured Germany first, and then continued on a world tour • Bayreuth Festival still exists today playing only Wagner’s operas

  11. Wotan's Farewell and the Magic Fire • God Wotan sings farewell to his daughter Brünnhilde • Brünnhilde believed to be acting in the best interest of her family • She tried to save her step brother Siegmund • God Wotan however is reminded of the rule of marriage • Siegmund was planning to rescue a women from an unhappy marriage • Wotan intervened by killing him • Brünnhilde’s punishment includes • turning into a mortal, • laying in sleep • being protected by a wall of fire

  12. Wotan's Farewell and the Magic Fire Listening Guide

  13. Wotan's Farewell and the Magic Fire • 0:01 the music begins, it is loud and the tempo is kept steady • 0:10 at this point it gets louder and more instruments are introduced • 0:21 the melody changes ever so slightly • The French horns are introduced, followed by violins • They are about to begin their dancing together on the ballroom floor • 0:57 the texture of violins start out soft • Just as the bass starts its deep drone in the background • Finding the perfect melody between the two • Harmony continues with all instruments introduced in to a rhythm

  14. Wotan's Farewell and the Magic Fire • 1:43 Tempo changes at this point, but the tune repeats itself • 2:10 The French horn takes over the lead • 2:31 French horn is heard more loudly • 2:50 Instruments are changing in perfect pitch • 3:00 A balancing act, more than one chorus is achieved • 3:40 Highlight of the performance, drama is expressed fully • 4:13 The timbre softens with violins, the cello then changes the dynamics and the depth • 4:43 It’s like the beginning of happy times, not wanting it to end

  15. Wotan’s Farewell and the Magic Fire • 6:10 A fine balancing act between form and harmony • 6:38 Perfect harmony, soft peace • 7:11 Sadness, bad news are delivered • 7:20 more of the soft form reappears as if the last decision was made • 7:55 The volumes drops, it appears that the story ends • 8:13 the audience is recaptured, bringing back happiness and joy • 8:31 an earlier melody is repeated • 9:00 joy has returned

  16. Wotan’s Farewell and the Magic Fire • 9:32 The pitch increases but it goes back down • 9:51 Sweeter and softer tune is introduced • 10:27 Dramatic role is brought back a notion of something bad is done • 11:09 Things have gotten better assemble has turned soft and cheery • 11:23 Drum role was brought back and it’s gone with buzz frenzy • 11:44 Happy is back it increases in volume softly with caution • 11:50 Triangle plays like rain drops amongst biggest and most powerful • 12:32 Happy moment reappears in very delicate form

  17. Wotan’s Farewell and the Magic Fire • 12:50 This part shows what the piece stands for it all • 13:23 A mix of colors are brought as intro to two pieces combined • 13:25 Third component of written story is introduced • 14:38 It all end in delicate form

  18. Richard Wagner & Wotan’s Farewell & Magic Fire Bibliography

  19. Bibliography • "BayreutherFestspiele." • "Composer Bio: Richard Wagner - Indianapolis Opera.“ • Die Walküre: Performance History.“ • "Die Walküre." Richard Wagner: Wagner Operas and Music Dramas. • Encyclopedia Britannica- Gluck • Encyclopedia Britannica- Battle of Leipzig • PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2013. • "Richard Wagner." Music History 102. • "Richard Wagner." Rhapsody. • "Watch Listen Learn." SF Symphony.