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SAY WHAT?

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  1. “There.” She capped the lipstick and dumped all the makeup back in her purse. “Now just don’t cry too much and you’ll be fine.” “I won’t cry,” I said, and suddenly aware of Lorna looking at us behind her in the mirror, I added, “I never cry at weddings.” “Oh, I do,” Lorna said. “There’s something about a wedding, something so perfect and so sad, all at the same time. I bawl at weddings.” “You better not be bawling out there.” The makeup lady dabbed with the powder puff. “If this stuff doesn’t hold up, you’ll look a mess.” That Summer by Sarah Dessen

  2. SAY WHAT?

  3. SAY WHAT? Using dialogue in your writing

  4. Let’s Notice… “I’m not freaking out,” I said curtly, moving back towards the door. “Hey, I’m not through talking to you,” she said, walking quickly to block my path. I looked down at her, realizing how short she really was. She was in shorts and a red t-shirt, with a gold chain and matching earrings. “See, that’s what I’m talking about. It’s like all of a sudden you just don’t care about anyone but yourself. You snap at Mom, and now this attitude with me….” “Ashley, please,” I said in a tired voice, and I noticed how much she sounded like my mother.

  5. Dialogue Rules: 1. A speaker’s words are set off from the rest of the writing with quotation marks.

  6. Dialogue Rules: 1. A speaker’s words are set off from the rest of the writing with quotation marks. 2. Begin a direct quotation with a capital letter.

  7. Dialogue Rules: 1. A speaker’s words are set off from the rest of the writing with quotation marks. 2. Begin a direct quotation with a capital letter. 3. Place end punctuation inside of the quotation marks.

  8. Dialogue Rules: 1. A speaker’s words are set off from the rest of the writing with quotation marks. 2. Begin a direct quotation with a capital letter. 3. Place end punctuation inside of the quotation marks. 4. Indent every time a new person speaks. If you are simply describing the actions of the speaker, you may continue writing in the same paragraph.

  9. Dialogue Rules: 1. A speaker’s words are set off from the rest of the writing with quotation marks. 2. Begin a direct quotation with a capital letter. 3. Place end punctuation inside of the quotation marks. 4. Indent every time a new person speaks. If you are simply describing the actions of the speaker, you may continue writing in the same paragraph. ***There are more particular rules in various specific situations. See links on my website and/or your Holt Handbook for more information.

  10. Remember… • Make sure that your dialogue either helps move the action of the story forward or reveals details about the character who is speaking.

  11. Remember… • Make sure that your dialogue either helps move the action of the story forward or reveals details about the character who is speaking. • Don’t overuse the verb “said.” Look for alternatives to describe the actions and emotions of the characters. Of course, you may certainly use “said” some of the time. Variety is most important.

  12. Dialogue tagging:

  13. Dialogue tagging: • “Let’s start over there,” said Lunardi, pointing to the far end of the beach.

  14. Dialogue tagging: • “Let’s start over there,” said Lunardi, pointing to the far end of the beach. (Tag helps show Lunardi’s movement.)

  15. Dialogue tagging: • “Let’s start over there,” said Lunardi, pointing to the far end of the beach. (Tag helps show Lunardi’s movement.) • “Actually, I’d like to see this Marjorie,” said Kate de Vries, stopping to watch. Her tone of voice made it clear that this was not a request.

  16. Dialogue tagging: • “Let’s start over there,” said Lunardi, pointing to the far end of the beach. (Tag helps show Lunardi’s movement.) • “Actually, I’d like to see this Marjorie,” said Kate de Vries, stopping to watch. Her tone of voice made it clear that this was not a request. (Tag shows both Kate’s movement and reveals details about her personality.)

  17. Dialogue tagging: • “It looks like it could just snap off,” Kate remarked as we walked away from the noise of the engine car back to the keel catwalk. “The engine cars are welded on,” I said with a shrug. “As much a part of the Aurora as what we’re standing on.” (Both of these tags show movement.)

  18. Dialogue tagging: • “She’s completely capable of it,” I muttered. (Tag is an alternative to “said.”)

  19. Dialogue tagging: • “She’s completely capable of it,” I muttered. (Tag is an alternative to “said.”) • “You’ve created quite a scandal back at the ship,” I said, losing my patience. “I don’t see why,” she murmured as she peered through her spyglass. (Tag shows action of character.)

  20. How’d They Do It? • “Are you a coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.” Down the Rabbit Hole, Peter Abrahams

  21. How’d They Do It? • “Are you a coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.” • “Are you a Coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.”

  22. How’d They Do It? • “Are you a coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.” • “Are you a Coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.” • “Are you a Coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink but she said, “Pepsi.”

  23. How’d They Do It? • “Are you a coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.” • “Are you a Coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.” • “Are you a Coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink but she said, “Pepsi.” • “Are you a Coke person or a Pepsi person,” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.”

  24. How’d They Do It? • “Are you a coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.” • “Are you a Coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.” • “Are you a Coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink but she said, “Pepsi.” • “Are you a Coke person or a Pepsi person,” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.” • “Are you a Coke person or a Pepsi person?” said Cracked-Up Katie. Fresca was Ingrid’s drink, but she said, “Pepsi.”

  25. Remember these words…

  26. Remember these words… • “Good dialogue encompasses both what is said and what is not said.” Bird by Bird by Anne Lamott

  27. Remember these words… • “Good dialogue encompasses both what is said and what is not said.” Bird by Bird by Anne Lamott Good Luck incorporating dialogue in your personal narrative!