Oilgae: The Possibility of Growing Oil. John Winters. Auto Emissions and the Green House Effect. According to the USEPA: “A gallon of gasoline is assumed to produce 8.8 kilograms (or 19.4 pounds) of CO 2 .”
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According to the USEPA: “A gallon of gasoline is assumed to produce 8.8 kilograms (or 19.4 pounds) of CO2.”
Through aggregating fuel emissions and average miles driven the average vehicle is estimated to produce 5.48 metric tons CO2 equivalents.
World Wide Approximately 10.8 % of Green House Gas emissions come from automobiles.
In the United States 21.6 % of Green House Emissions come from automobiles.
The oil can be extracted through the physically through compression or chemically through interactions with solvents or osmotic shock.
Algae naturally produces an oil similar to petroleum, if this oil can be extracted it can be used as a fuel source the same way petroleum is.
The synthetic genomics institute is currently developing the process of genetically modifying algae to continually produce oil.
According to Dr. James Venter the goal is to “trick algae into pumping more lipids out” so that mass quantities of oil can be harvested and used as a fuel source.
Guaranteed to be carbon neutral and can be negative if the excess algae is sequestered.
Algae can use carbon dioxide and nitrous oxides as nutrient sources.
Algae could potentially be “fed” the waste from a fossil fuel based power plant to reduce the amount of CO2 released into the atmosphere.
The US is currently the largest importer of oil, most of which is used for transportation.
Unlike most other potential renewable energy Oilgae has a much larger scaleability, or potential to become a dominant energy source.
Easy Growth Conditions
Minimal Land Use
Unlike other proposed fuel reforms Algae Oil would not need to overhaul the existing fuel infrastructure.
The fuel could be distributed by the same network of gas stations and used by the same cars.
United States Environmental Protection Agency. “Emission Facts: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a Typical Passenger Vehicle.” Pollutants and Programs. Accessed Feb 2010. http://www.epa.gov/OMS/climate/420f05004.htm#step1