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Geography Starter Use the map on page 125 to answer the following questions: • What three climate zones are found in the US but not in Canada? • What is the climate zone for Hawaii? • What two climate zones make up Alaska? • What climate zone do we live in?
United States: The Culture of a Country
American Cultural Themes: 1. Democracy 2. Money 3. God 4. Population: From many, One.
Theme #1: American Government: Where Democracy Happens Formal Government – Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic In other words – DEMOCRACY !!!!!!
Current President: Barack Obama Vice President: Joe Biden
Democracy: What does it mean for you as an American? • YOU MUST CARE!!!!!!! • YOU MUST VOTE!!!!!!! • YOU MUST BE INFORMED!!!!! Statistics say that half of everyone in this room will NOT VOTE throughout their life time.
Theme #2: American Economics Where Lots of Money Happens 1. American Economic System: Capitalist Mixed Economy 2. Characteristics: a. Free Market b. Free Trade 3. GDP (Gross Domestic Product) a. Total (2007) – 13.7 trillion ( 1st ) b. Per Capita (2007) – $ 44,190 (9th)
Imports (World Rank: #1) Exports (World Rank: #2) capital goods (#1 – electrical machinery) automobiles industrial supplies raw materials consumer goods agricultural products • crude oil • refined petroleum products • machinery • automobiles • consumer goods, • industrial raw materials, • food and beverages
What are we growing? • Agriculture - products: wheat, corn, other grains, fruits, vegetables, cotton; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; forest products; fish
Cause for Concern:National Debt: $9 Trillion Dollars (World Rank: #1) % of World’s Total Debt: 23%
What do you think of this? In 2003, the census reported that the top fifth of households had 49.8 percent of the total income, while the bottom fifth had only 3.4 percent. Thus, the top quintile appeared to have $14.60 in income for every $1.00 in the bottom quintile. (source: heritage.org)
Theme #3: American ReligionWhere Christianity Happens • National Religion: None!!!!!! • Official Motto: “In God We Trust” Statistics: • Christians – 79% • Other – 5% • No Religion– 15%
Theme #4: American PopulationWhere Lots and Lots of People Happen World Population Rankings (% of World Pop.) • China -- 1,323,480,000 (19%) • India -- 1,128,310,505 ( 17%) • USA -- 303,232,774 ( 5%) 41%
As an American citizen, what does this all mean for you? Traditional Motto: E Pluribus UnumMeaning: “From Many, One”
Number of Speakers By Language (+5 years old) 1. English - 215 million 82 % 2. Spanish- 28 million 11 % 3. Chinese- 2.0 million .06 % 4. French- 1.6 million .06 % 5. German – 1.4 million .05% In millions
With 28 million Spanish-speaking Americans in the US, do you believe these citizens should be required to learn English? • 80% of Americans claim to be Christians. This fact, along with the idea that majority rules, should we make Christianity our national religion? • Are you proud to be an American? Why or why not? • US law says that no one may vote until they turn 18 years old. Once you are legally able to vote, will you? Why or why not? • A paradox is defined as something that makes sense even though it sensibly should not make sense. Two of America’s themes are our love of money and our love of religion. Is this a paradox? Why or why not?